Bryophyta Sphagnum moss liverwort moss hornwort Nonvascular, no true leaves roots and stems, root-like structures call rhizoids anchor plant to the soil, pioneer plants, gametophyte is the dominate generation
Seedless Vascular Plants Whisk fern Club Moss Whisk fern Vascular plants contain specialized conducting structures: xylem and phloem. Xylem transports water and phloem transports food. Vascular plants can grow larger and live in more places than nonvascular plants.
Phylum Pterophyta • Ferns are very divserse • Largest ferns are 82 feet tall with fronds 16 feet long • Leaves are called fronds • A fiddlehead is a tightly coiled new leaf • Underground stem called a rhizome
Vascular Seed Plants • Multicellular seed is the mobile sexual reproduction part of plant • A seed contains an embryo and food supply that remains dormant until conditions are favorable for germination. • There are two main groups of seed bearing plants • GYMNOSPERM • ANGIOSPERM