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THE PRESIDENTS. Washington to Monroe. Presidential Qualities Pick the MOST and LEAST Important. Honesty Speaking Ability Intelligence Leadership Skills Appearance Toughness Experience Age Education Health Religious Affiliation Decisiveness

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The presidents

THE PRESIDENTS

Washington to Monroe


Presidential qualities pick the most and least important
Presidential QualitiesPick the MOST and LEAST Important

  • Honesty Speaking Ability

  • Intelligence Leadership Skills

  • Appearance Toughness

  • Experience Age

  • Education Health

  • Religious Affiliation Decisiveness

  • Gender Family Structure

  • Ethnic Background Position on Issues

  • Financial Resources Compassion


How much do you know about our presidents
How much do you know about our Presidents?

  • 1. How many individuals have served as president?

  • 2. How many Presidents have been assassinated?

  • 3. How many incidents have there been where both father and son have served as President? Name them.

  • 4. Who served the shortest Presidential term?

  • Longest?

  • 5. How many Presidents have been divorced?



George Washington:

  • set precedents for Pres.

  • selection of a Cabinet to advise him

  • Whiskey Rebellion

  • Hamilton’s economic policies- bank of U.S. –money system




Presidential chart
Presidential Chart

  • President Political Party Significant Events

Washington

Federalist

-Judiciary Act of 1789

-Cabinet

-Hamilton’s economic plan

-Washington, D.C.

-Whiskey Rebellion


John Adams

  • Jay’s Treaty- w/ British- unpopular in U.S.

  • XYZ Affair- sent representatives to negotiate with France because of trade issues- they demanded a bribe before they would even talk with U.S. reps

  • -made U.S. furious!


  • Alien and Sedition Acts- gave gov’t right to deport or imprison any foreigner suspected of being a danger to the U.S.- constitutional??


Virginia kentucky resolutions
Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions

  • Dem.-Rep. strongly opposed the Alien and Sedition Acts because it conflicts with the Bill Of Rights

  • Did not have enough votes in Congress to over rule them- federal judges all appointed by Federalists so……



Presidential chart j adams
Presidential Chart- J. Adams changed

  • President Political Party Significant Events

-XYZ Affair

-Alien and Sedition Act

-Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions

-Jay’s Treaty


Federalists alexander hamilton
FEDERALISTS changedAlexander Hamilton

Consisted of the wealthier people (bankers, merchants, plantation owners) led by educated elite

  • Feared the “excesses of democracy.” Distrusted common people.

  • Strongest in the North (New England)


Federalists
Federalists: changed

  • Wanted a strong central govt.

  • Economy based on shipping and manufacturing

  • Believed in a loose interpretation of the Constitution- (write meaning in your notes)


Thomas jefferson
Thomas Jefferson changed

  • Monticello


Democratic republicans thomas jefferson
DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS changedThomas Jefferson

  • Consisted of more common people (farmers, city workers)

  • Believed government should work for the common man

  • Strongest in the south and west. (Small farmers)

  • Limited govt.- felt power should be shared with the state and local govt.

  • Believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution


Strict Interpretation changed - Only those powers that are written into the Constitution should be allowed

Loose interpretation – implied powers – those that believe in a loose interpretation follow the “necessary and proper” clause, also known as the “elastic clause”


Interpretation
Interpretation??? changed

  • “The Constitution was not made to fit us like a strait jacket. In its elasticity lies its chief greatness”

    • Woodrow Wilson


Interpretation1
Interpretation??? changed

  • “When the experiment of our government was undertaken . . .(our guide). . .was the Constitution. Departure from the lines there laid down is failure. It is only by strict adherence to the direction they indicate . . . That we can furnish proof to the world of the fitness of the American people for self government.”

    -President Grover Cleveland


Jefferson s presidency
JEFFERSON’S PRESIDENCY changed

Jefferson’s Philosophy

  • Faith in the “common man” (farmers)

    • Wanted lower voting qualifications

    • Disliked special privileges – he lived very informally.

  • Believed agriculture should be the basis of the economy.

    • He didn’t encourage industrialization


Jefferson s program
Jefferson’s Program changed

He wanted to simplify govt. (cut bureaucracy)

He wanted to dismantle Alexander Hamilton’s Program (Federalist)

  • Reduce influence of National Bank

  • Hamilton was later killed in a “gentlemen’s duel” by Aaron Burr

  • Reversed the Alien and Sedition Acts

    • He changed the citizenship requirements from 14 yrs to 5 yrs.

    • Pardoned and/or repaid those convicted of sedition


  • Fought the Judiciary changed

    • “Midnight Judges” - Pres. John Adams (Federalist) had appointed federalist judges prior to Jefferson’s inauguration.



    Jefferson s presidency1
    Jefferson’s Presidency: supreme court –

    1803-Louisiana Purchase – Jefferson sent reps. To offer to buy port of New Orleans

    -French offered the whole territory-$15 million

    -bought the LA Territory from the French (who needed the $ to fight the British). Boosted morale and doubled US territory.



    Louisiana purchase
    Louisiana Purchase this power is not granted in the Constitution


    Lewis and Clark this power is not granted in the Constitution along with translator and guide Sacajawea explored to:

    • find a water route to the Pacific

    • Collect scientific data

    • Survey terrain

    • Exploration lasted 2yrs 4mos.


    Lewis and clark expedition
    Lewis and Clark Expedition this power is not granted in the Constitution


    Sacajawea
    Sacajawea this power is not granted in the Constitution


    Presidential chart jefferson
    Presidential Chart- Jefferson this power is not granted in the Constitution

    • Fought appointments of Midnight Justices by Adams

    • Marbury v. Madison

    • -La. Purchase

    • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    • 1st Pres. under a new political party’

    • “common man”

    • -strict interpretation of Constitution

    Democ.- Republican


    James madison 4 th president
    James Madison this power is not granted in the Constitution -4TH President

    War of 1812– “Mr. Madison’s War”

    Causes:

    • British impressment of American sailors

    • Trouble with Indians that Americans blamed on the British


    • Washington, D.C. was this power is not granted in the Constitution burned

    • Francis Scott Key writes the “Star Spangled Banner” during the battle at Fort McHenry in Baltimore

    • Battle of New Orleans – Andrew Jackson was the hero – “Old Hickory”

    • Treaty of Ghent – ends war- 1814


    Battles of the war of 1812
    Battles of the War of 1812 this power is not granted in the Constitution


    Jackson square in new orleans
    Jackson Square in New Orleans this power is not granted in the Constitution


    Presidential chart madison
    Presidential Chart- Madison this power is not granted in the Constitution


    James monroe 5 th president
    James Monroe this power is not granted in the Constitution – 5th President

    – “Era of Good Feeling”

    The Missouri Compromise – 1820

    • Missouri applied for admission as a slave state

    • This started arguments in Congress over whether or not to allow slave states in the new territory


    The Missouri Compromise this power is not granted in the Constitution stated:

    • Maine was entered as a free state

    • Missouri was entered as a slave state (maintained balance – 12 slave states & 12 free states)

    • 36 degree 30 degree Parallel – all territory north would be free and all territory south would be slave

      *This ended nationalism and encouraged sectionalism


    Missouri compromise
    Missouri Compromise this power is not granted in the Constitution


    Also under monroe
    Also under Monroe: this power is not granted in the Constitution

    • This period in Amer. History known as the “Era of Good Feeling”- good times!

    • Adams – Onis Treaty 1819- U.S. got Florida from Spain

    • 1823- Monroe Doctrine- Latin American countries were getting their independence- America was concerned that European nations might renew their interest in colonies in the Western Hemisphere- document written to announce the west was closed for colonization


    Presidential chart monroe
    Presidential Chart- Monroe this power is not granted in the Constitution

    Monroe

    Dem- Rep

    -Missouri Comp.

    -Adams-Onis Treaty

    -Monroe Doctrine


    John quincy adams
    John Quincy Adams this power is not granted in the Constitution

    Election of 1824 (Adams vs. Jackson)

    • Jackson won the popular election, but didn’t win the electoral vote

    • Vote went into the House of Representatives who elected Adams and Henry Clay (“unholy coalition”)

      * Angered Andrew Jackson


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