There is no real ethical theory. What one person believes is intolerable, duty, etc., is not right for every person in every circumstance. Ethical Theories Ethical Perspectives. Teleological (Aristotle) Telos – Greek root meaning goal, purpose or end, logos meaning study
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or end, logos meaning study
purpose of something
point, but as a completion, as fullness.
goal, purpose or end of something
Aristotle’s Main Ideas is intolerable, duty, etc., is not right for every person in every circumstance.
Main Idea: Vision or purpose or ends
What is good? Human activity aims to
achieving the good
What motivates humans? Humans find
Moral guidelines: Values
Life Orientation: Goals
Strengths: Vision, direction
Weaknesses: Irrelevancy; ends justify the means
Deontological (Kant) is intolerable, duty, etc., is not right for every person in every circumstance.
Kant’s Ethical Theory
the sake of duty
is determined by principles
How do you accomplish this according to Kant?
according to which I act should become universal law
Kant’s Main Ideas is intolerable, duty, etc., is not right for every person in every circumstance.
Main Idea: Duties and structures
What is good? A human act is morally good when it is done for the sake of duty
What motivates humans? “I must act in such a way that the principles according to which I act should become universal law
Moral guidelines: Rules
Life Orientation: Duties
Strengths: Structure, organization
Weaknesses: Bureaucracy; blindly following orders