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Chapter 13 . Alcohol. Section 1: Why People drink. Reasons? Drinking in Moderation – causes no harm (1-2 drinks a day) Drink – ½ oz of pure ethanol 1 oz of hard liquor 10 oz of wine cooler 12 oz of beer 3-4 oz of wine Proof - \% of alcohol in a beverage 100 proof is 50\% alcohol.

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section 1 why people drink
Section 1: Why People drink
  • Reasons?
  • Drinking in Moderation – causes no harm (1-2 drinks a day)
  • Drink – ½ oz of pure ethanol
    • 1 oz of hard liquor
    • 10 oz of wine cooler
    • 12 oz of beer
    • 3-4 oz of wine
  • Proof - % of alcohol in a beverage
    • 100 proof is 50% alcohol
section 1 why people drink1
Section 1: Why People drink
  • Drinking behaviors
    • Moderate – not harming health
    • Social – could be moderate or problem drinker
    • Binge – 4+ drinks in a short period
section 1 why people drink3
Section 1: Why People drink
  • Problem Drinker – (Abuser) suffers social, emotional, family, job, or other problems
  • Addict – disease of alcoholism (out of control)
  • P346 figure 13-2
  • Skills for moderation (p346, 348 inventory)
section 2 effects
Section 2: Effects
  • Alcohol is easily moved throughout the body, so it affects all parts – from stomach/intestines to bloodstream
  • Moderate drinker
    • Liver – processes alcohol into harmless wastes, but can only handle 1 drink per hour. When drink more, you overload.
    • Depresses brain’s fine tuning behavior (talk or laugh louder)
    • Not a stimulant…appears to be because one is socially stimulated
    • Skin feels warmer
    • Lose awareness (from cerebral cortex)
    • Speech and vision affected
    • Emotions easily shown
section 2 effects1
Section 2: Effects
  • Excessive Drinker
    • Unpredictable behaviors (fights, sexual intercourse)
    • Judgment gone
    • Muscle control
    • Respiration and heartbeat affected
section 2 effects2
Section 2: Effects
  • Hangover
    • Withdrawal signs
    • Headache, sensation in mouth, nausea
    • More serious would be tremors, delerium (confusion)
    • Congeners – ingredients in alcoholic beverages that irritate the nervous system
    • Dehydration – alcohol forces body to lose water
    • Formaldehyde – forms when body breaks down alcohol (also used in preserving dead animals
section 2 effects3
Section 2: Effects
  • Long Term Effects
    • Liver disease, high blood pressure, lower defenses against infection
    • Fat produced from alcohol can collect in other places
    • Brain damage – vision, memory, learning ability
    • Diabetes (pancreas can stop producing insulin)
    • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – mental and or physical retardation and birth defects in newborns
    • p354
section 3 accidents and alcohol
Section 3: Accidents and Alcohol
  • DWI
  • DUI – 0.08, 0.02 (for whom?)
  • Breathalyzer
  • Sober – free of alcohol’s effects (can be up to 24 hours
section 3 accidents and alcohol1
Section 3: Accidents and Alcohol
  • Dealing with an intoxicated person
    • Don’t respond to emotions from alcohol
    • Do show concern
    • Do not trust their judgment (why?)
    • Take keys
section 4 recovery
Section 4: Recovery
  • Costs of Alcoholism
    • Friendships, job, marriage, life, other’s life
    • If you start before the age of 15, you are 4x more likely to be dependent age of 21
section 4 recovery1
Section 4: Recovery
  • Why is recovery difficult?
    • It is an addiction
    • Enabling/codependent
    • Length of time (ever “cured”?)
    • Denial, bargaining, anger, guilt, acceptance
    • Support system
      • AA, Al-Anon
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