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Stress Inoculation

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  1. Stress Inoculation Summarised for revision psychlotron.org.uk

  2. Biomedical models • These view the person receiving the therapy as a patient. • This implies they receive support from the therapist. psychlotron.org.uk

  3. In contrast … • Psychological models view the person receiving the treatment as a client. • It offers a more participative approach from client and therapist psychlotron.org.uk

  4. Meichenbaum and Cameron • Applied a cognitive-behavioural approach. • The mind is retrained to either: • Reduce perceived demands • Learn to cope with the demands psychlotron.org.uk

  5. Stress inoculation • Three phases: • Conceptualisation • Skills training • Real-life application psychlotron.org.uk

  6. Conceptualisation • Clients relive the stressful situation and analyse their responses. • Once they learn to recognise their ‘trigger’ they can be more realistic about the demands. psychlotron.org.uk

  7. Applied example • What is it about the examination process that causes students to be stressed? • The circumstances? • Fear of personal failure? • Presence of strangers? • Feelings of inadequacy? • Anything else? psychlotron.org.uk

  8. Skills training and practice • Clients are taught strategies for learning to cope: • Specific (make sure revision is adequate) • Non-specific – e.g. Relaxation techniques (make sure that reactions under examination conditions are controlled) psychlotron.org.uk

  9. Real life application • The client now puts the training into a real life situation • Contact with the therapist continues, but the relaxation itself acts as reinforcement in any case psychlotron.org.uk

  10. Evaluations (AO 2) • Strengths • It deals with causes and symptoms • It works well • Weaknesses • It takes time and money and a high level of commitment from the client • It is always difficult to change habits developed over a lifetime psychlotron.org.uk

  11. Give a brief account of and evaluate one psychological method of stress management. Note: You may need to criticise this method in the light of other methods, so don’t just rely on these notes, but do your own additional research. psychlotron.org.uk