New Jersey v. T.L.O. 469 U.S. 325. January 15, 1985. Circumstances of the Case. On March 7, 1980 a teacher at Piscataway High School found T.L.O with a friend smoking cigarettes in a bathroom.
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469 U.S. 325
Under the 4th Amendment citizens’ are protected from unreasonable searches and seizures. But does a student have the same rights as an adult? No, a search could be reasonable under the 4th Amendment without probable cause, so long as it was supported by reasonable suspicion or reasonable cause that a crime has been committed.
The court ruled in favor of New Jersey. Which states that school officials act for the parents of students. They do not need a warrant to make searches. Exclusionary rule does not apply to this case because T.L.O’s behavior furnished a reasonable basis for the search.
In the case of TLO vs. New Jersey the court ruled 6-3 in favor of New Jersey.
The decision of the case serves as a precedent in future cases. During the 1990’s T.L.O’s case was used in a number of Supreme Court cases to allow the use of metal detectors and protective searches in school.
the Court’s opinion.
White wrote, “school officials may properly conduct a search of a student’s person if the official has a reasonable suspicion that a crime has been… committed, or reasonable cause to believe that the search is necessary to maintain school discipline….”