2010-2011 Calgary Crack pipe research preliminary results - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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2010-2011 Calgary Crack pipe research preliminary results

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  1. 2010-2011 Calgary Crack pipe research preliminary results Presented June 2, 2011 At the Alberta Harm Reduction Conference in Edmonton by Leegay Jagoe, RN, BA, BSN, MN Thesis Student Principal Investigator Dr. James Rankin, RN, NP, PhD Dr. Tak Fung

  2. Fortuitous research beginnings • In November 2008 Safeworks began crack pipe distribution program • Safeworks wanted to build in a research component • The sales pitch failure that changed my education trajectory

  3. Status quo Research process thereafter • Proposal submitted to local ethics committee (Conjoint Health Research Ethics Board) in Spring 2010 and approved with minor change • Data collection began June 2010 and completed April 2011 • Preliminary data presented

  4. Crack pipe distribution aims • Prevention of Hepatitis C (Fischer, Powis, Firestone Cruz, Rudzinski, and Rehm (2008); Shannon, Rusch, Morgan, Oleson, and Kerr (2008); Tortu, McMahon, Pouget, and Hamid (2004); Neaigus, Gymarmathy, Zhao, Miller, Friedman, and Des Jarlais (2007)) • Prevention of HIV (DeBeck, Kerr, Li, Fiscger, Buxton, Montaner, and Wood (2009); McCoy, Lai, Metsch, Messiah, and Zhao (2004)) • Decrease injection of crack cocaine (Leonard, DeRubeis, Pelude, Medd, Birkett, and Seto (2008)) • Increase health care interactions with people who smoke crack cocaine (O’Byrne and Holmes, 2008)

  5. Research objectives • Primary objective was to determine whether Safeworks crack pipe distribution changes crack pipe sharing behavior • Other objectives were to determine whether the program changed: -crack smoking frequency -drug injecting frequency -service utilization

  6. Research design • Survey method • Population estimate 540 • Sample size 180 (6% margin of error) • Recruitment word of mouth, poster, flyer • Instrument was questionnaire

  7. demographics

  8. Drug use hx-injecting

  9. DRUG USE HX.-SMOKE/SNORT/ATE

  10. PIPES

  11. HCV & HIV

  12. Service utilization

  13. SERVICE UTILIZATION DETAILS

  14. CHANGE IN DRUG USE BEHAVIOR

  15. Changes in crack pipe sharing behavior

  16. SUMMARY