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« Open Archives (OA) and direct scientific communication (DSC) between scientists ». Les archives ouvertes et la communication scientifique directe: un nouvel espace de liberté pour les chercheurs.
Les archives ouvertes et la communication scientifique directe: un nouvel espace de liberté pour les chercheurs
Colloque « Evolution of scientific publications: the point of view of scientists » (14-15 May 2007)
Franck Laloë, laboratoire Kastler Brossel (ENS, Paris)
Here I will discusss only open archives/self-archiving,
« direct scientific communication » (DSC)
DSC is a revival of the old tradition of direct exchange of (hand written) letters between « natural philosophers »
Peer-reviewed journals, as we know them today, started around 1940-50. Peer review is useful (selection, improvements suggested by the referees, etc..); it also has a cost. Someone has to pay for the process, either from the author of reader side.
Open archives (self-archiving) are about 15 years old (ArXiv). They have other complementary features that makes them very useful also. Research needs them too!
The two channels seem to coexist rather peacefully.
(*) one can also self-archive into personal sites, laboratory sites, etc.. ; we come back to this point later.
(*) Joanne Cohn, a cosmologist now in Berkeley, was a precursor
On the 5th. of july 2005, the French « Académie des Sciences » released a supporting open archives at a large scale; see:
La recommandation pousse vers la réalisation d’une archive regroupant le maximum possible d’établissements de recherche français, au lieu d’une dispersion dans des archives institutionnelles indépendantes
PMC, ArXiv, REPEC, ..
about 15% of documents are PHD theses
The French scientific output is about 10 000 articles per month
"Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research"
Open Access to research information is vital for researchers and helps the public appreciation and understanding of science. DRIVER will be helping countries to create networks of openly-accessible repositories for research information.
The project is a joint collaboration between ten international partners with the intention to create a knowledge base of European research. DRIVER will put a test-bed in place across Europe to assist the development of a knowledge infrastructure for the European Research Area…..