CASE STUDY OF INDONESIAN EFFORTS IN DEALING WITH TRANSBOUNDARY HAZE POLLUTION CAUSED BY FOREST AND LAND FIRES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CASE STUDY OF INDONESIAN EFFORTS IN DEALING WITH TRANSBOUNDARY HAZE POLLUTION CAUSED BY FOREST AND LAND FIRES PowerPoint Presentation
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CASE STUDY OF INDONESIAN EFFORTS IN DEALING WITH TRANSBOUNDARY HAZE POLLUTION CAUSED BY FOREST AND LAND FIRES

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CASE STUDY OF INDONESIAN EFFORTS IN DEALING WITH TRANSBOUNDARY HAZE POLLUTION CAUSED BY FOREST AND LAND FIRES
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CASE STUDY OF INDONESIAN EFFORTS IN DEALING WITH TRANSBOUNDARY HAZE POLLUTION CAUSED BY FOREST AND LAND FIRES

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  1. BETTER AIR QUALITY, 2006, YOGYAKARTA-INDONESIA CASE STUDY OF INDONESIAN EFFORTS IN DEALING WITH TRANSBOUNDARY HAZE POLLUTION CAUSED BY FOREST AND LAND FIRES MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA 2006

  2. OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION • FOREST AND LAND FIRES IN INDONESIA • MONITORING OF HOTSPOT • WHAT MAKE PROBLEMS ESCALATE • SUPRESSION EFFORTS • PROBLEMS FACED • PROPOSED ACTION PLAN

  3. FOREST AND LAND FIRES IN INDONESIA • Land clearing: • Forestry and plantation companies • Community ? • Fast • Cheap • Make land fertile

  4. MONITORING OF HOTSPOT Caltex, August 06

  5. WHAT ESCALATES THE PROBLEMS • Climate condition at macro level ------ El Nino prolonged drought season, rain comes in the end of November 2006. • Most fires are underground fires (some areas of fire prone districts consist of peatland) • Poverty : community does not have alternatives for land clearing

  6. MAP OF HOTSPOT

  7. SUPPRESION EFFORTS • On the ground - Manggala agni fire brigades, armed forces and police, communities fire brigades and companies (Jun-Nov 2006) • Aerial suppression - Cloud seeding operation (Sept-Nov 2006) - Water bombing : helicopter (operated oct – Nov 2006) and Russian amphibious aeroplane BE 200 (Oct-Nov 2006)

  8. ON THE GROUND FIREFIGHTING Manggala Agni Fire Brigades suppressed fires in Indragiri Hilir District, Riau Province

  9. AERIAL SUPPRESSION The Be-200 can be configured as a freighter, a passenger aircraft or as an amphibious water drop fire-fighting aircraft. The aircraft has four retractable water scoops, capable of scooping 12t of water.

  10. PROBLEMS FACED • SIZE OF AREA ON FIRE IS VERY BIG • UNDERGROUND FIRES IN PEATLAND • SOCIAL AND ECONOMY OF COMMUNITIES : SLASH AND BURN TECHNIQUE IS CHEAP, FAST AND IT IS BELIEVED TO MAKE LAND MORE FERTILE • LACK OF RESOURCES • MANPOWER : QUANTITY AND SKILL • FUNDING • EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY WHEN FIRES ARE ALREADY GROWING BIGGER, IT IS DIFFICULT TO SUPPRESS PREVENTIONS EFFORTS HAS TO GET MORE EMPHASIS

  11. COMMITMENT BUILDING : FOCUS ON PREVENTION FOREST AND LAND FIRES OCCURENCES PROPOSED APPROACH PROBLEMS POLICY LEVEL OPERATIONAL LEVEL COMM. GROUPS DEELOPMENT INSENTIVE MONITORING AND LAW ENFORCEMENT FIELD OPERATION COMPANIES CHANGES OF BEHAVIOUR BUDGET ALLOCATION

  12. THANK YOU