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Culture. Challenge: One uniquely and complete American Cultural Phenomenon . You received a slip of paper as you walked in. It is either a vocabulary word or a definition. Look at it.

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You received a slip of paper as you walked in. It is either a vocabulary word or a definition.
  • Look at it.
  • Now find your “match”. ( You may use a textbook, but remember they all must be back on the cart before anyone leaves.)
Culture is the total of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group.
the elements of culture
Culture involves the following factors:
    • Food/ shelter
    • Religion
    • Relationships to family and others
    • Language
    • Education
    • Security/protection
    • Political and social organization
    • Creative expression
    • What reasons might explain why there are so many different cultures in the United States?
The Elements of Culture
  • The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of a group of people.
an example of a cultural custom
This is a common practice in almost the whole of Asia, from modern Japan to Southern India, regardless of what sort of home you go to – a luxurious bungalow or a shack in the slums. Asians remove their shoes at home, to keep the floor clean and as a form of courtesy. They also feel more comfortable without shoes and socks, especially being in the comfort of their own home.An example of a cultural custom
Another example of a cultural custom. A family in Senegal eats their lunch. A meal in Senegal is often served in a deep enamel bowl, large enough for several people to share. Food is retrieved from the bowl using three fingers of the right hand.
  • A repetitive act performed by an individual
what is innovation
What is Innovation?
  • Taking existing technology and resources & creating something new to meet a need.
what is diffusion
What is diffusion?
  • The spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior.
when does acculturation happens
When does acculturation happens?
  • When a society accepts or adopts an innovation.
what is acculturation
When a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation.
  • Examples: wearing jeans instead of traditional garments or dancing to rock music in another country.
What is acculturation?
folk culture
Folk culture (traditional) refers to a culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.Folk Culture
popular culture
Popular culture is the entirety of ideas, perspectives, attitudes, images and other phenomena that are preferredby the mainstream of a given culture, especially Western culture . Pop culture is typical of large heterogeneous groups.Popular Culture
wide dispersion of popular culture
Diffusion of popular housing, clothing, & food
    • Popular housing styles
    • Rapid diffusion of clothing styles
    • Popular food customs
  • Television and diffusion of popular culture
    • Diffusion of television
    • Diffusion of the internet
    • Government control of television
Wide Dispersion of Popular Culture
U.S. fast-food chains have diffused to other countries, including China. Corporate logos enable customers to instantly identify the establishment regardless of whether they know the language.
hip hop music
South Bronx, considered the birthplace of hip hop. Hip Hop is an Americanmusical genre in which rhythmic and rhyming speech is chanted to musical accompaniment.Hip Hop music
english speaking countries
English Speaking Countries

Fig. 5-1: English is an official language in 50 countries, including some in which it is not the most widely spoken language. It is also used and understood in many others.

romance branch of indo european
Romance Branch of Indo-European

Fig. 5-8: The Romance branch includes three of the world’s 12 most widely spoken languages (Spanish, French, and Portuguese), as well as a number of smaller languages and dialects.

hog production food cultures
Hog Production & Food Cultures

Fig. 4-6: Annual hog production is influenced by religious taboos against pork consumption in Islam and other religions. The highest production is in China, which is largely Buddhist.

alcohol preferences in the u s
Alcohol Preferences in the U.S.

Fig. 4-12: Per capita consumption of Canadian whiskey (left) and tequila (right) show different source areas and histories of diffusion.

diffusion of tv 1954 2003
Diffusion of TV1954 - 2003

Fig. 4-14: Television has diffused widely since the 1950s, but some areas still have low numbers of TVs per population.

distribution of internet users 1995 2003
Liz Lewis:


Fig. 4-15: Internet users per 1000 population. Diffusion of internet service is following the pattern of TV diffusion in the 20th century, but at a much faster rate.

Distribution of Internet Users, 1995 - 2003
impacts of the globalization of popular culture
Threats to folk culture
    • Loss of traditional values
    • Foreign media dominance
  • Environmental impacts of popular culture
    • Modifying nature
    • Uniform landscapes
    • Negative environmental impact
Impacts of the Globalization of Popular Culture
exit ticket
Choose either an element of culture, innovation, diffusion, or acculturation and relate it to one of the five themes of geography and write this on your “Exit Ticket”. Turn in by the end of the period. Exit Ticket
Regular Geo: Pick example of an elements of culture, written 1-3 sentences defining it and provide a visual, it may be drawn or printed out. Pre AP pick two. This will be due TOMORROW at the beginning of class. Homework