Vocabulary Define: • Republic • Legion • Tarquins
The Birth of a Republic • Republic formed • The Etruscans ruled Rome for over 100 years under the Tarquin family • In 509 B.C., a rebellion takes place and a republic is formed • The citizens now have the power • Over time, the Romans defeated the Latins, Etruscans, and Greeks to control all of Italy
The Birth of a Republic 2. Why was Rome so strong? • Excellent soldiers • Roman fighting changed from a Greek-style into legions • Legions: 6000 men, them groups of 60 to 120 • Legionaries (soldiers) • Legions carried a standard (tall pole with symbol)
The Birth of a Republic 3. Shrewd rulers • Permanent military settlements • Roads connecting towns • Roman Confederation • Vote and serve in government • Pay taxes • Provide soldiers - Conquered people were loyal because they were treated well
Exit Questions • What role did geography play in the rise of Rome? • How did Rome go from a small city into a great empire? • How did they rule their conquered people?
Section Quiz tomorrow • Rome’s geography • Legends of Rome’s beginning • Early influences • Birth of republic • Roman army • Ruling their citizens and conquered people