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EMERGENCY CARE. Vet Science. What Constitutes an Emergency?. Emergency Situations . Unconscious or very depressed animals : - CPR: - pull tongue out and cup nose and blow in - check for chocking obstruction - compress chest 1 per second - keep the animal warm and transport.

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Emergency care


Vet Science

Emergency situations
Emergency Situations

Unconscious or very depressed animals:

- CPR:

- pull tongue out and cup nose and blow in

- check for chocking obstruction

- compress chest 1 per second

- keep the animal warm and transport


Emergency situations1
Emergency Situations


- Shock: body’s response to a traumatic event

-Examples: hit by a car, attack by other animal

-increased heart rate

-pale mucus membrane

- First Aid:

-control external bleeding

-warm with blanket


-aware of broken bones

-minimize moving

The most common incident in a dog’s life that will cause trauma is getting hit by a car.

Emergency situations2
Emergency Situations

Bleeding: oozing vein, squirt artery

-First Aid:

-use gloves

-pressure bleeding

-wrap bleeding area

-if leg then wrap whole leg

Emergency situations3
Emergency Situations

Labored Breathing

- First Aid:

-look and feel for obstruction

-lift rear legs

-hymlic maneuver


Emergency situations4
Emergency Situations

Inability to Urinate or Defecate

- First Aid:

-not constipation

-blood coming out

-don’t wait until next morning



Emergency situations5
Emergency Situations

Bloat/Distended Abdomen: restlessness and internal bleeding

- First Aid:

-keep warm

Emergency situations6
Emergency Situations


If poisonous to man then it is also poisonous to pets

Tylenol, house plants, chemicals-cats NO!

Dark chocolate-dogs

- First Aid:

-bring package to vet

-bring plant

-To induce vomiting:

-1 tsp hydrogen peroxide per 10 lb of weight

Emergency situations7
Emergency Situations

Heat Stroke: excessive panting, severe lethargy, vomiting and diarrhea

- First Aid:

-remove from heat

-fresh water

-cool with hose (rinse)



Emergency situations8
Emergency Situations

Hypothermia: body temperature below 98°

- First Aid:

-slow warming

-wrap with blanket



Emergency situations9
Emergency Situations


Cause: inappropriate diet

- First Aid:

-take to the vet

-let the vet know:


-blood present?

-last 24 hours?

-young or old?

-history of other conditions


Emergency situations10
Emergency Situations

Dystocia or Birthing Problems: 4 to 6 hours of light contractions, 20-30 hours of heavy contractions

-First Aid:

-steady pull only when she is pushing

-lick of new born

-wipe membranes from mouth and nose

-rub chest area

-cut umbilical cord


Emergency situations11
Emergency Situations

Seizures: symptom of disease, uncontrolled shaking

-First Aid:

-less than 1 minute is not life threatening

-keep from hurting itself

-do not handle around mouth

-record time and how long it lasts


Over the telephone
Over the Telephone

  • Help stabilize the pet.

  • Do not try to diagnose or tell the concerned pet owner that it is not an emergency.

  • Provide information and let them make the decision.

  • Inform of change of animal behavior

  • Instruct:

    • Use a muzzle to prevent biting.

      • Use pantyhose, leash, rope or twine

    • If muzzle is not practical use a blanket.

    • Traumatized animals: Use plywood and blankets to transport.

    • Cats should be transported by box or carrier.

Emergency care facility
Emergency Care Facility

  • If you are talking with the concerned pet owner you should instruct them to take their animal to to an Emergency Care Facility.

  • Emergency Care Facilities provide:

    • Supplemental oxygen

    • Diagnostic equipment

    • Incubators

    • Resuscitation equipment


  • Make the animal a top priority by having a gurney or stretcher ready, and administrate emergency care immediately.

Oh no it s an emergency


You will take on the role of the vet or vet assistance. You have answered a call from a concerned pet owner, and you must assist them with their emergency situation.

I will hand out a scenario. You will work with a partner to determine the proper emergency care, and then you will report that information to the concerned pet owner.

Partners- vet or vet assistant

Classmates- concerned pet owner

You will have 2 minutes to determine proper emergency care and then I will call on groups to present the information.