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Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

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  1. In this session • What is (causing) Development? • Driving Forces, Environment, Mapping • Capitalism - Globalization – Development • Current and Future Key Issues • From Linearity to Complexity • Currentand Future Global Players • Winners and Loosers of ‘Development’ • Country, Region and Sector Profiles • Alternative Concepts • Towards a new Understanding of ‘Development’? Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  2. Development DRIVING FORCES State Building 3rd World Instability Nationalism Secession Independence Revolution WAR Political Parties Bureaucracy Nation Building Power Democratization Military Intervention North – South - Conflict • Development Civil Society East – West - Conflict Power Glocalization Second Democratization Consolidation Social Consensus New Public Management 1st World Stability Internationalism Post War Reconstruction Unification State Transformation Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  3. Development DRIVING FORCES State Building 3rd World Instability Nationalism Secession Independence Revolution WAR Political Parties Bureaucracy Nation Building Power Democratization DRIVING FORCES: POLITICAL Military Intervention North – South - Conflict DRIVING FORCES: ECONOMICAL • Development Civil Society East – West - Conflict Power Glocalization Second Democratization Consolidation Social Consensus New Public Management 1st World Stability Internationalism Post War Reconstruction Unification State Transformation Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  4. Development DRIVING FORCES DRIVING FORCE: ECOLOGICAL Global warming Scarcityof Resources Limits of Growth SocialTurmoil State Building 3rd World Instability Nationalism Secession Independence Revolution WAR Political Parties Bureaucracy Nation Building Power Democratization DRIVING FORCES: POLITICAL Military Intervention North – South - Conflict DRIVING FORCES: ECONOMICAL • Development Civil Society East – West - Conflict Power Glocalization Second Democratization Consolidation Social Consensus New Public Management 1st World Stability Internationalism Post War Reconstruction Unification State Transformation Density of Net Spontaneous Activity Circulating Stimulus Shifting Power DRIVING FORCE: TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  5. Development DRIVING FORCES DRIVING FORCE: ECOLOGICAL Global warming Scarcityof Resources Limits of Growth SocialTurmoil State Building 3rd World Instability Nationalism Secession Independence Revolution WAR Political Parties Bureaucracy Nation Building Power Democratization DRIVING FORCES: POLITICAL Military Intervention North – South - Conflict DRIVING FORCES: ECONOMICAL • Development Civil Society East – West - Conflict Power Glocalization Second Democratization Consolidation Social Consensus New Public Management 1st World Stability Internationalism Post War Reconstruction Unification State Transformation Density of Net Spontaneous Activity Circulating Stimulus Shifting Power DRIVING FORCE: TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  6. Development POWER Discourse in Virtual Public Sphere Tie between Souvereign and territory (INTELLIGENT) NET TERRITORY MOBILIZATION POWER SOUVEREIGNITY POWER TERRITORY POPULATION GOVERNMENT POWER SOUVEREIGNITY POWER DISCIPLINARY POWER GOVERNMENT POWER BODY POPULATION Commanding, Making Individuals compliant Administration, Securing of the Welfare of People BODY DISCIPLINARY POWER ‘CORRELATION SYSTEMS’ BETWEEN THE TYPES OF POWER (Foucault) Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  7. Development CAPITAL CurrentGlobalization Source: WW I WW II RevolutionaryShiftingof Capital (New Gilded Age) Towards a ‚One-Percent-Society‘ (Patrimonial Capitalism) Winners andLoosersof Development Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  8. Development CAPITALISM DRIVEN GLOBALIZATION COMPETITION → COLONIALIZATION Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  9. Development CAPITALISM DRIVEN GLOBALIZATION COMPETITION → COLONIALIZATION Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  10. Development CAPITALISM DRIVEN GLOBALIZATION Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  11. Development ENVIRONMENT 19./20. CENTURY INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Mass Production Standardization EFFICIENCY 21st CENTURY ADVANCED STAGE OF GLOBALIZATION ECONOMIZATION OF THE PUBLIC SPHERE IT-REVOLUTION ADVANCING CAPITALISM KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY GLOBAL GOVERNANCE WW I + II Consumer Society DEMOCRATIC STATE CIVIL SOCIETY NEOAUTORITARIANISMMIXED FORMS AUTORITARIAN STATE RULING CLASS ENVIRONMENT for DEVELOPMENT Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  12. Development DYNAMICS 21st CENTURY ADVANCED STAGE OF GLOBALIZATION ECONOMIZATION OF THE PUBLIC SPHERE IT-REVOLUTION ADVANCINGCAPITALISM KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY GLOBAL GOVERNANCE CIVIL SOCIETY Wage Dependency vs. Wealth Flexibility CorrosionofCharacter New Togetherness SocialImpact Environmental Impact Privatizationofrisk ConsequencesofModernity Connectivity Redistribution of Power Collapsor Reform ofCapitalistic System? ShrinkingMiddle Class GrowingInequality Patrimonial Capitalism New Democratic Agreement or Return ofInequality? Anthony Giddens ‚Consequences ofModernity‘ 1990 Richard Sennett Culture ofthenew Capitalism‘ 2006 Saskia Sassen ‚SociologyofGlobalization‘ 2007 Ulrich Beck ‚Risk Society‘ 1986/1992 Thomas Piketty ‚Capital in the 21st Century‘ 2014 Peter Kruse ‚Communicative Power in the Net‘ 2010 Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  13. Development DYNAMICS 21st CENTURY ADVANCED STAGE OF GLOBALIZATION ECONOMIZATION OF THE PUBLIC SPHERE IT-REVOLUTION ADVANCINGCAPITALISM KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY GLOBAL GOVERNANCE CIVIL SOCIETY Wage Dependency vs. Wealth Flexibility CorrosionofCharacter New Togetherness SocialImpact Environmental Impact Privatizationofrisk ConsequencesofModernity Connectivity Redistribution of Power Collapsor Reform ofCapitalistic System? ShrinkingMiddle Class GrowingInequality Patrimonial Capitalism New Democratic Agreement or Return ofInequality? COMPLEXITY Richard Sennett Culture ofthenew Capitalism‘ 2006 Anthony Giddens ‚Consequences ofModernity‘ 1990 Saskia Sassen ‚SociologyofGlobalization‘ 2007 Ulrich Beck ‚Risk Society‘ 1986/1992 Thomas Piketty ‚Capital in the 21st Century‘ 2014 Peter Kruse ‚Communicative Power in the Net‘ 2010 Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  14. Development DYNAMICS 21st CENTURY ADVANCED STAGE OF GLOBALIZATION ECONOMIZATION OF THE PUBLIC SPHERE IT-REVOLUTION ADVANCINGCAPITALISM KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY GLOBAL GOVERNANCE CIVIL SOCIETY Wage Dependency vs. Wealth Flexibility CorrosionofCharacter New Togetherness IN THE CURRENT ADVANCED STAGE OF GLOBALIZATION UNDER THE ECONOMY DRIVEN PARADIGM OF GROWTH DEVELOPMENT IS ECONOMY ORIENTED IN A COMPLEX MIX OF INTERESTS AND TAKES PLACE IN A MULTI STAKEHOLDER SETTING SocialImpact Environmental Impact Privatizationofrisk ConsequencesofModernity Connectivity Redistribution of Power ShrinkingMiddle Class GrowingInequality Patrimonial Capitalism COMPLEXITY Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  15. Environment Public Sector Reform ENVIRONMENT Bureaucracy needs to be modernized ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  16. Environment Public Sector Reform LandscapeofDiscourses Political Reform ENVIRONMENT Administrative Reform Decentralization Economic Competition Complexity Alignment of Public Sector to Economic Thinking (New Public Management) Diversity Bureaucracy needs to be modernized ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT Globalization Localization Corruption Democratic (Bottom Up) Revolution Bad Performance Frustration Emancipation / Self Conscious Citizens ENVIRONMENT Technical Progress (ICT) Top Down Revolution E-Government Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  17. Environment Public Sector Reform Indonesia LandscapeofDiscourses Political Reform Administrative Reform Decentralization Economic Competition Complexity Alignment of Public Sector to Economic Thinking (New Public Management) Diversity Bureaucracy needs to be modernized Globalization Localization Corruption Democratic (Bottom Up) Revolution Bad Performance Frustration Emancipation / Self Conscious Citizens Technical Progress (ICT) Top Down Revolution E-Government Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  18. Environment Public Sector Reform Indonesia LandscapeofDiscourses Development Theorysupportstounderstandandconceptualizedevelopment, but: Eachdevelopmentsituationremains different. Political Reform Administrative Reform Decentralization Economic Competition Complexity Alignment of Public Sector to Economic Thinking (New Public Management) Diversity Bureaucracy needs to be modernized Globalization Localization Learning Organization Corruption Democratic (Bottom Up) Revolution Bad Performance Frustration Emancipation / Self Conscious Citizens Technical Progress (ICT) Top Down Revolution E-Government Global Political Ambitions Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  19. Environment Public Sector Reform Indonesia LandscapeofDiscourses Development Theorysupportstounderstandandconceptualizedevelopment, but: Eachdevelopmentsituationremains different. Political Reform Administrative Reform Decentralization Economic Competition Complexity Alignment of Public Sector to Economic Thinking (New Public Management) Diversity Bureaucracy needs to be modernized Globalization Localization Learning Organization Corruption Democratic (Bottom Up) Revolution Bad Performance Frustration Emancipation / Self Conscious Citizens Technical Progress (ICT) Top Down Revolution E-Government Global Political Ambitions Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  20. Currentkeyissues Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  21. Currentkeyissues Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  22. Currentkeyissues ENVIRONMENTAL bearable viable equi- table SOCIAL ECONOMIC Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  23. Currentkeyissues Biodiversity Zero Waste, releasesandspills Clean air, water, land Emission Reductions Climate Change Safety, Health Environmental Regulations Environmental Justice Access topotablewater Crisis Management ENVIRONMENTAL Resource Efficiency Life Circle Management ProductStewardship Products toServices bearable viable equi- table SOCIAL ECONOMIC Innovation Capital Efficiency Risk Management Growth Enhancement Human Rights Gender, Diversity Community Outreach Indigenous Communities Labor Relations Creationof Jobs LocalEconomic Impact Social Investments Business Ethics (CSR) Security Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  24. Currentkeyissues Biodiversity Zero Waste, releasesandspills Clean air, water, land Emission Reductions Climate Change Safety, Health Environmental Regulations Environmental Justice Access topotablewater Crisis Management ENVIRONMENTAL Resource Efficiency Life Circle Management ProductStewardship Products toServices bearable viable equi- table SOCIAL ECONOMIC Innovation Capital Efficiency Risk Management Growth Enhancement Human Rights Gender, Diversity Community Outreach Indigenous Communities Labor Relations Creationof Jobs LocalEconomic Impact Social Investments Business Ethics (CSR) Security Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  25. Currentkeyissues Biodiversity Zero Waste, releasesandspills Clean air, water, land Emission Reductions Climate Change Safety, Health Environmental Regulations Environmental Justice Access topotablewater Crisis Management ENVIRONMENTAL Resource Efficiency Life Circle Management ProductStewardship Products toServices bearable viable equi- table SOCIAL ECONOMIC Innovation Capital Efficiency Risk Management Growth Enhancement Human Rights Gender, Diversity Community Outreach Indigenous Communities Labor Relations Creationof Jobs LocalEconomic Impact Social Investments Business Ethics (CSR) Security Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  26. Currentkeyissues ENVIRONMENTAL bearable viable Sustainability SOCIAL ECONOMIC equi- table Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  27. Currentkeyissues ENVIRONMENTAL bearable viable Sustainability + Ownership SOCIAL ECONOMIC equi- table Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  28. Currentkeyissues • Focus in thisseminar: • Nexus Problem,Complexity • Social Transformation, Heterogenity, Inclusion • Migration, Urbanization, Mega Cities • Consumption, Exploitationof Resources • ShiftingWealth, Poverty • Conflict Resolution Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014

  29. Currentkeyissues • Focus in thisseminar: • Nexus Problem,Complexity • Social Transformation, Heterogenity, Inclusion • Migration, Urbanization, Mega Cities • Consumption, Exploitationof Resources • ShiftingWealth, Poverty • Conflict Resolution Prof. Dr. Christoph Behrens UMY Semester 2014