TIME CLAUSES and IF - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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time clauses and if n.
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TIME CLAUSES and IF

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  1. TIME CLAUSESand IF Listen to this

  2. A clause is : Part of a sentence! A time clause is: An IF-clause is: Part of a sentence introduced by a time conjunction: Part of a sentence introduced by IF! when, as soon as, until, after, before, while New Headway, Unit 9

  3. To talk about future… No Future Tense in Time Clause ! Use Present in a clause with: when, as soon as, until, after, before, while When I get home, I’ll phone you! Time clause=present New Headway, Unit 9

  4. No Future Tense in IF - Clause ! Use Present or Past in an IF-clause: Present = First Conditional Past = Second Conditional If it rains, we’ll stay at home If I had a million dollars, I would build a swimming-pool. IF- clause=present, Main clause= will IF- clause=past, Main clause=would New Headway, Unit 9

  5. IF or WHEN? If you hear any news, can you ring me immediately? (You might hear some news) When you hear some news, can you ring me immediately? (You will hear some news for sure) I’ll probably go for a walk later on if it stays fine (It might stay fine) I’ll make myself an omelette when I get home tonight. (I will get home tonight) We use if for something that we think might happen We use when for something that we know will happen. New Headway, Unit 9


  6. A: Look at the information in brackets and complete the sentences using if or when and a verb in the present simple. • (I may see Tom tonight) • ______________________, I’ll tell him the news. • 2.(Marylin is coming soon) • ______________________, can you let her in, please? • 3.(The alarm will ring soon) • ______________________, we’ll all have to leave the building. • 4.(I might feel better tomorrow) • ______________________, I’ll probably go back to work. • 5.(This film finishes at ten) • ______________________, I’ll stop the video. • 6.(The plan may not work) • ______________________, we’ll have to think of something else. If I see Tom tonight When Marylin comes When the alarm rings If I feel better tomorrow When the film finishes If the plan doesn’t work New Headway, Unit 9

  7. B: If or When? • ___________ I become President… • ___________ it gets dark… • ___________ the film finishes • ___________ she passes her exam • ___________ it doesn’t rain tomorrow • ___________ I wake up tomorrow If When When If If When New Headway, Unit 9

  8. C: Choose the correct tense (present or will) • If you (say) ___________ that again I (scream) ___________ • I (be) _________ surprised if she ( manage) _________ to sell that car. • If the boys (come) _________ for supper I (cook) __________ chicken. • I (need) ___________ some money if we (go) ___________ out tonight. • I (miss) ___________ you if we (move) ___________ to Wales. • If you (wash) ___________ up, I (dry) ___________ . • Ann (be) ___________ sorry if Kate (not come) ___________ . • If you (look) ___________ in the top drawer, you (find) ___________ your passport. say ‘ll scream ‘ll be manages come ‘ll cook ‘ll need go ‘ll miss move wash ‘ll dry ‘ll be doesn’t come look ‘ll find New Headway, Unit 9