WHI.4-5. India. Location – South Asian subcontinent (juts out from the rest of the continent). Map of Ancient India – Find the Himalayans, Hindu Kush, Indus River, Ganges River and Indian Ocean. India. Hinduism – religion Belief in many forms of one God
Location – South Asian subcontinent (juts out from the rest of the continent)
Life is filled with suffering
Suffering is caused by people's wants.
Suffering can be ended if people stop wanting things, like more pleasure or more power.
To stop wanting things, people must follow 8 basic laws, called the Eightfold Path.Buddhism http://ancienthistory.mrdonn.org/Buddhism.html
3 Contributions of Gupta Empire:
- This period is called the Golden Age
Location – East Asia
Important River – Huang He (Yellow River)
China was very isolated due to great distances, rugged mountains, and deserts (Gobi Desert). This would help them to have a distinctive culture and not much contact with the outside world.
Invaders raided Chinese settlements to the North. The Great Wall was built by Qin Shi Huangdi as a line of defense against invasions.
China was governed by a succession of ruling families called dynasties (first dynasty – Shang).
Chinese rulers were considered divine, but they served under a Mandate of Heaven only as long as their rule was just.
Silk Roads – trade route from China to the Mediterranean (facilitated trade as far away as Rome)
- Exam people take to work in the government (civil service)
Emperor Wudi began using this exam, why?
- to select the most qualified candidate and to open up jobs to everyone
Location and place
-Major bodies of water: Aegean Sea, Mediterranean Sea (most of the trade happened here), Black Sea, Dardanelles
-Important city-states: Athens, Sparta, Troy
-Macedonia – ancient kingdom of northern Greece (birthplace of Alexander the Great)
Tyrants who worked to reform:
Draco – created Athen’s first law codes
Solon – extended citizenship (outlawed slavery)
direct democracy (everyone participates), public debate, duties of the citizen
Form of government was an oligarchy – rule by a small group
Rigid social structure
Militaristic and aggressive society
Ex. Unhealthy baby boys left in the wilderness to dieAthens Sparta
Ruler at age 20
Better military commander than his father, Phillip (had loyalty of his troops)
Established an empire from Greece to Egypt and the margins of India – wanted all the world under one empire
Extended Greek cultural influences
Died of fever (from battle wound infection) around age 33
Alexander failed to conquer the world, but spread Greece’s culture
The new culture created due to Alexander’s conquests was called Hellenistic culture (Blending of Greek and oriental elements) Learning and Commerce
Greece was eventually conquered by the Romans
C ontributions of Greek culture to Western Civilization:
- Drama: Aeschylus (wrote plays on mythology) and Sophocles (wrote plays that defended Greek values