FAR’s for Instrument Flying - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. FAR’s for Instrument Flying FAR 1 FAR 61 FAR 91 NTSB 830

  2. FAR 1Definitions & Abbreviations • ATC - A service operated by an appropriate authority to promote safe, orderly and expeditious flow of traffic • Alternate Airport • Area navigation - means of navigation that can provide any desired course. • Category I, II, III

  3. FAR 1Definitions & Abbreviations • Ceiling - lowest layer of cloud or obscuring phenomena classified as broken, overcast, or obscuration: not listed as thin or partial • Controlled Airspace - A, B, C, D, E • Decision Height - height at which a decision must be made. ILS, PAR • Flight Level

  4. FAR 1Definitions & Abbreviations • Flight Visibility - average horizontal forward distance from the cockpit. • Ground Visibility - prevailing horizontal visibility near surface as reported by US NWS or an accredited observer. • IFR conditions - not VFR below 1000 and 3

  5. FAR 1Definitions & Abbreviations • IFR over-the-top - maintain VFR over clouds, still IFR flight plan. • MDA - lowest MSL altitude to which descent is authorized associated with a non precision approach. • Non precision approach - no glideslope • Precision approach - with electronic glideslope

  6. Part 61 • 3, 51, 57, 133

  7. FAR 61 • 61.3(e) - No person may act as PIC under IFR unless that person holds instrument rating for type of airplane flown.

  8. FAR 61 • 61.51(g) - Logging time • Only instrument time may be logged as instrument time • For recent instrument experience include • Location and type of each approach • Safety pilot • A Sim or FTD may used if a CFII is present.

  9. FAR 61 • 61.57 (C) - To act PIC under IFR, within preceding 6 calendar months: • Logged 6 approaches • Holding procedures • Intercepting and tracking courses through use of nav systems • Note: A Sim or FTD may be used.

  10. FAR 61 • 61.57 (d) - Instrument Proficiency Check may be used instead of 6 approaches within 6 months. Given by CFII, examiner, check pilot. • Note: a Sim or FTD may be used.

  11. FAR 61 • 61.65 - Instrument Rating Requirements under Part 61

  12. Part 91 • 3, 21, 103, 109, 113, 121, 123, 129, 131, 135, 155, 157, 159, 167, 169, 171, 173, 175, 177, 179, 181, 185, 187, 205, 211, 215, 411, 413

  13. Part 91 • 91.3 - PIC is PIC • 91.21 - use of electronic devices that may cause interference with nav systems is prohibited.(cell phones, stepping motors etc.) • 91.103 - Latest info required, alternatives available, known traffic delays.

  14. Part 91 • 91.167- Enough fuel to fly to first airport, then if an alternate is required, fly to alternate airport, then fly for 45 min after at normal cruising speed. An alternate is not required if 1 hr of ETA, 2000’ ceiling, 3 miles visibility.

  15. Part 91 • 91.169 - To be an alternate, unless denoted by A in triangle on NOS charts • Precision approach - 2 mi., 600’ • Non precision approach - 2 mi., 800’ • No approach - allow descent from MEA to approach and landing under VFR

  16. Part 91 • 91.185 - Comm Failure • If VFR, remain VFR and land as soon as practical.

  17. Part 91 • 91.185 - Comm Failure • If IFR • Route • Last assigned • Radar vectored, direct to fix, route or airway specified in vector clearance. • EFC • Filed

  18. Part 91 • 91.185 - Comm Failure • If IFR • Altitude - Highest of • Last assigned • MEA • EFC • Time • Commence approach as close as possible to EFC or filed.

  19. Part 91 • 91.205 Instrument and Equipment Readiness • For IFR flight, navigation equipment must be appropriate to ground facilities • Above 24,000, DME required if using VOR navigational equipment • Need attitude indicator, heading indicator and turn coordinator for IFR

  20. Part 91 • 91.211 Supplemental Oxygen • Above 15,000, each passenger must be provided supplemental oxygen • Above 14,000, required crew must use • Between 12,500 and 14,000, oxygen must be provided for time in excess of 30 minutes

  21. Part 91 • 91.215 ATC Transponder and Altitude Reporting Equipment and use • Must use Mode C • Within Class B • Within 30 NM of primary Class B airport • Within and above Class C • Above 10,000 ft MSL except below 2,500 AGL and in Class A airspace

  22. 91.215 • Requests for deviations must be made to the ATC Facility • If transponder fails in flight, ATC may authorize to continue to destination • If transponder works, but Mode C does not you may request a deviation • If transponder inop, request 1 hr before flight

  23. Part 91 • 91.411 Altimeter System and Altitude Reporting Equipment Test and Inspections • Each static pressure system and altimeter instrument must be tested by the end of the 24th month

  24. NTSB 830 • Accidents, incidents, overdue AC, and preservation of wreckage

  25. Under which condition must the pilot in command of a civil aircraft have at least an instrument rating? A. For a flight in VFR conditions while on an IFR flight plan. B. For any flight above an altitude of 1,200 feet AGL, when the visibility is less than 3 miles. C. When operating in class E airspace.

  26. Under which condition must the pilot in command of a civil aircraft have at least an instrument rating? A. For a flight in VFR conditions while on an IFR flight plan.

  27. The pilot in command of a civil aircraft must have an instrument rating only when operating A. under IFR, in weather conditions less than the minimum for VFR flight or in class A airspace. B. in weather conditions less than the minimum prescribed for VFR flight. C. under IFR in positive control airspace.

  28. The pilot in command of a civil aircraft must have an instrument rating only when operating A. under IFR, in weather conditions less than the minimum for VFR flight or in class A airspace.

  29. Which flight time may be logged as instrument time when on an instrument flight plan? A. Only the time you controlled the aircraft solely by reference to flight instruments. B. All of the time the aircraft was not controlled by ground references. C. Only the time you were flying in IFR weather conditions.

  30. Which flight time may be logged as instrument time when on an instrument flight plan? A. Only the time you controlled the aircraft solely by reference to flight instruments.

  31. What portion of dual instruction time may a certificated instrument flight instructor log as instrument flight time? A. Only the time during which the instructor flies the aircraft by reference to instruments. B. All time during which the instructor acts as instrument instructor, regardless of weather conditions. C. All time during which the instructor acts as instrument instructor in actual instrument weather conditions.

  32. What portion of dual instruction time may a certificated instrument flight instructor log as instrument flight time? C. All time during which the instructor acts as instrument instructor in actual instrument weather conditions.

  33. If a pilot enters the condition of flight in the pilot logbook as simulated instrument conditions, what qualifying information must also be entered? A. Name and pilot certificate number of safety pilot and type of approaches completed. B. Number and type of instrument approaches completed and route of flight. C. Location and type of each instrument approach completed and name of safety pilot.

  34. If a pilot enters the condition of flight in the pilot logbook as simulated instrument conditions, what qualifying information must also be entered? C. Location and type of each instrument approach completed and name of safety pilot.

  35. How long does a pilot remain current for IFR flight after successfully completing an instrument competency check if no further IFR flights are made? A. 6 months. B. 90 days. C. 12 months.

  36. How long does a pilot remain current for IFR flight after successfully completing an instrument competency check if no further IFR flights are made? A. 6 months.

  37. To meet the minimum required instrument flight experience to act as pilot in command of an aircraft under IFR, you must have logged within the preceding 6 calendar months in the same category of aircraft: six instrument approaches, A. and 6 hours of instrument time in any aircraft. B. three of which must be in the same category and class of aircraft to be flown, and 6 hours of instrument time in any aircraft. C. holding procedures, intercepting and tracking courses through the use of navigation systems.

  38. To meet the minimum required instrument flight experience to act as pilot in command of an aircraft under IFR, you must have logged within the preceding 6 calendar months in the same category of aircraft: six instrument approaches, C. holding procedures, intercepting and tracking courses through the use of navigation systems.

  39. An instrument rated pilot, who has not logged any instrument time in 1 year or more, cannot serve as pilot in command under IFR, unless the pilot A. completes the required 6 hours and six approaches, followed by an instrument proficiency check given by an FAA-designated examiner. B. passes an instrument proficiency check in the category of aircraft involved, followed by 6 hours and six instrument approaches, 3 of those hours in the category of aircraft involved.

  40. C. passes an instrument proficiency check in the category of aircraft involved, given by an approved FAA examiner, instrument instructor, or FAA inspector.

  41. An instrument rated pilot, who has not logged any instrument time in 1 year or more, cannot serve as pilot in command under IFR, unless the pilot C. passes an instrument proficiency check in the category of aircraft involved, given by an approved FAA examiner, instrument instructor, or FAA inspector.

  42. To carry passengers for hire in an airplane on cross country flights of more than 50 NM from the departure airport, the pilot in command is required to hold at least A. a First Class Medical certificate. B. a Category II pilot authorization. C. a Commercial Pilot Certificate with an instrument rating.

  43. To carry passengers for hire in an airplane on cross country flights of more than 50 NM from the departure airport, the pilot in command is required to hold at least C. a Commercial Pilot Certificate with an instrument rating.

  44. Which limitation is imposed on the holder of a Commercial Pilot Certificate if that person does not hold an instrument rating? A. The carrying of passengers or property for hire on cross country flights at night is limited to a radius of 50 NM. B. The carrying of passengers for hire on cross country flights is limited to 50 NM and the carrying of passengers for hire at night is prohibited. C. That person is limited to private pilot privileges at night.

  45. Which limitation is imposed on the holder of a Commercial Pilot Certificate if that person does not hold an instrument rating? B. The carrying of passengers for hire on cross country flights is limited to 50 NM and the carrying of passengers for hire at night is prohibited.

  46. Who is responsible for determining that the altimeter system has been checked and found to meet 14 CFR part 91 requirements for a particular instrument flight? A. Pilot-in-command. B. Owner. C. Operator.

  47. Who is responsible for determining that the altimeter system has been checked and found to meet 14 CFR part 91 requirements for a particular instrument flight? A. Pilot-in-command.

  48. The use of certain portable electronic devices is prohibited on aircraft that are being operated under A. VFR. B. DVFR. C. IFR.

  49. The use of certain portable electronic devices is prohibited on aircraft that are being operated under C. IFR.

  50. Before beginning any flight under IFR, the pilot in command must become familiar with all available information concerning that flight. In addition, the pilot must A. be familiar with the runway lengths at airports of intended use, and the alternatives available if the flight cannot be completed. B. list an alternate airport on the flight plan and confirm adequate takeoff and landing performance at the destination airport. C. list an alternate airport on the flight plan and become familiar with the instrument approaches to that airport.