The Confederation and the Constitution. Although the Revolutionary War brought new changes to American society, during the Critical Period the new nation was challenged with an inefficient government. -Post Revolutionary War changes -Articles of Confederation -Constitutional Convention
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Although the Revolutionary War brought new changes to American society, during the Critical Period the new nation was challenged with an inefficient government.
-Post Revolutionary War changes
-Articles of Confederation
A. Social Changes
a. Land and Northwest Ordinances
a. James Mason
1. Back country farmers, ill-educated, and debtors
1 legislative vote per state
2/3 vote for bills
No Congressional power over commerce
No congressional power to tax
No federal courts
Unanimity of states for amendment
At least 3 legislative votes
Simple majority for bills
Congress regulate commerce
Congress can tax
Amendments less difficult
More ConservativeStrengthening of the Federal Government?
__ Fifty-five “demi-gods” meet secretly in Philadelphia to draft a new charter of government.
__ The first American national government, more a league of states than a real government, goes into effect.
__ At the request of Congress, the states draft new constitutions based on the authority of the people.
__ The Constitution is ratified by the nine states necessary to put it into effect.
__ Debtor farmers fail in a rebellion, setting off conservative fears and demands for a stronger government to control anarchy.
4, 2, 1, 5, 3