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Constitution and Confederation. Prior Knowledge- What do you want the Federal Government (President Obama) to do for you? Will it take a more powerful or less powerful government to achieve your goals? Explain Objectives- students will… Know problems with the Articles of Confederation

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constitution and confederation
Constitution and Confederation
  • Prior Knowledge- What do you want the Federal Government (President Obama) to do for you? Will it take a more powerful or less powerful government to achieve your goals? Explain
  • Objectives- students will…
    • Know problems with the Articles of Confederation
      • 1) Identify 3 key weaknesses with the Articles and evaluate why the Articles of Confederation could not work

-Know reasons why America had to create a stronger central government

      • 2) Analyze how state governments could not fulfill their prime directive and explain why the country needed a stronger central government
prior knowledge these united states what is problem with american identity
Prior Knowledge- “These United States”- What is problem with American identity?
  • Declaration of Independence- “free and independent states”
    • States felt they were independent countries, not one big country
  • Believed small republics work better because people share same ideas and values
    • Analyze if you feel smaller countries with less diversity work more smoothly than large diverse countries? Explain
articles of confederation 1 st gov of the united states
Articles of Confederation- 1st Gov. of the United States
  • Confederation- loose grouping of nations
    • Goal- to create a weak central government
      • ?Why?
  • Authority- raise an Army, declare war, make peace, Indian affairs,
  • Taxes- could not force states to pay
  • No executive branch
    • ?Identify what powers a government should have that are absent from the AofC?
road to constitution
Road to Constitution
  • Shay’s Rebellion- indebted farmers in W Mass. want Mass. govt. to protect their farms from bank take over
    • What is the role of government under Natural Rights?
      • Farmers want Gov. to protect property
    • Farmers v militia- Mass. Raises an army, chases farmers into New York
      • Need strong central government
  • Northwest Ordinance- allowed a way for western areas to become states
    • Statehood (60,000 people)
    • *1 positive legacy of AofC

?How will these weaknesses lead to an ineffective government?CLASSWORK Pick 5 of the weaknesses and explain how you would solve that weakness

  • Textbook “Confederation”
    • Page 69-70 Think Through History A, B and C
    • Page 69 Skillbuilder (Interpreting Charts)
  • Exit Ticket
    • 1) Identify 3 key weaknesses with the Articles and evaluate why the Articles of Confederation could not work

Constitution and Confederation (Cont.)

  • Prior Knowledge- Does your vote count? Explain ( why it is or is not important to vote)
  • Objective- Know how the Constitution created a strong central government, yet limited the ability of government to become tyrannical (too powerful) and allow people to still have indirect control of the government
    • 1) Identify the Great Compromise and explain how it is reflected in our federal government today?
    • 2) Explain the 3 branches of government and the role of each branch.
    • 3) Evaluate the Electoral College and how the EC can impact an election.
    • 4) Analyze the debate to ratify the Constitution (identify the Federalists and Anti-Federalist and explain their beliefs)
constitutional convention
Constitutional Convention
  • What are the states giving up in order to join a stronger central government?
  • Issue of Representation- how much power/votes will each state have in new government/legislature
    • Virginia Plan (large state)
      • Three Branches
      • Bicameral Legislature
        • Executive Branch
      • Proportional Representation based on population
    • New Jersey Plan (Small State)
      • Unicameral Assembly
      • Apportioned Representation- equal rep. per state
      • Neither big, nor small states want to lose power
Great Compromise (Benjamin Franklin)- solves issue of representation for both large and small states,creates legislative branch
  • Upper House (Senate) 2 per state,6 years service
    • How many senators does Ca (33 mil people) and Wy (500K) have?
  • Lower House (House of Representatives) based on state population,2 years service (Ca- 53, Wy 1)
    • IS it fair that WY has a place in gov. where WY has as much power as CA? Explain
other compromises
Other Compromises
  • 3/5 Compromise
    • Meant to get Southern States to agree
    • Slaves=3/5’s person counting population for state representation
  • Electoral College (elects the president)
    • States # votes= # of Reps in house+2 senators
      • winner of state takes all votes
      • Should the US still have an Electoral College or not? How can it manipulate elections or minimize people’s votes
  • Worksheet
  • Exit Slip

Warm-up #7: Government Control (Prior Knowledge)- What rules are in place that prevent the President or a group from taking over total control of the government?Checks and Balances

  • Legislative Branch
    • Make laws
    • Control $
  • Executive Branch
    • Enforce laws
    • Commander in Chief
    • Veto power
  • Judicial Branch
    • Make sure laws are


    • *Who has the most power?
Ratification- constitution goes back to states for them to sign onto new government and lose sovereignty
  • Anti-Federalists- against Constitution
    • Why would people be against the new form of government drawn up in Philadelphia?
    • Anti-Central Government- fear of tyranny
    • Large Republic- too many different groups
    • Bills of Rights- want protection from gov.
      • How would America be different without a Bill of Rights?
  • Federalists- favor Constitution
    • Large Republics- are a positive
      • ?What group dominates America today?
      • Federalist Paper #10- no group dominates with diversity
    • Checks and Balances- prevents one group taking over by checking what other branches are up too
      • Bill of Rights added to Constitution and Anti-Feds approve Const.
class work
Class work
  • Finish CW #9: Guided Reading “Confederation and the Constitution”
  • CW #10: Evidence Guide “Ch 2 Sec 3 (P 68-75) Confederation and the Constitution”
bill of rights first 10 amendments added to constitution
Bill of Rights- first 10 Amendments added to Constitution
  • *The constitution at first had no guarantee that the government would protect the rights of the people or states

1st Amendment- Freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly

2nd- right to keep and bear arms (guns

4th- Search and Seizure- police need a search warrant

5th- Rights of accused person

a) Right to remain silent

b) Double jeopardy- can not be tried for same crime twice

10th- powers not in constitution given to the states