authoritarianism
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Authoritarianism

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 8

Authoritarianism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 179 Views
  • Uploaded on

Single individual or small elite rules without constitutional checks on power no independent courts of law or effective free and fair elections; no accountability Primary form of government through most of recorded history

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Authoritarianism' - trinh


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
authoritarianism
Single individual or small elite rules without constitutional checks on power
    • no independent courts of law or effective free and fair elections; no accountability
  • Primary form of government through most of recorded history
    • Early based on “divine right of kings”; authority derived from hereditary bloodline
    • Modern increasingly claims to represent will of the people
Authoritarianism
persistent authoritarianism
1974-2000, number of authoritarian regimes fell dramatically
    • Every Arab country in Middle East is authoritarian
    • Many African states authoritarian
    • China (world’s most populous country) has authoritarian government
    • Many “democratizing” countries returned to authoritarianism (e.g., Russia)
  • Types = Monarchy, Military, Single-Party, Electoral Authoritarian (most common form)
Persistent Authoritarianism
monarchies
Political authority bestowed based on hereditary connection to royal bloodline (e.g., Saudi Arabia, Jordan)
  • Seek legitimacy through:
    • Long-standing tradition
    • Effective rulers who promote well-being of subjects (“good king/queen”)
    • Repression through security forces
Monarchies
military regimes
Political authority held by group of military officers who influence policy by using, threatening to use military force (e.g., 1960-1970s, South Korea, Thailand, Indonesia, Chile, etc.)
  • Seek legitimacy through:
    • Promise return to democratic rule
    • Hold elections with military party competing
    • Defend nation from domestic or foreign threats
    • Martial law
    • Policies to benefit particular groups in society
Military Regimes
single party regimes
Political authority held by one party, which controls access to political office and policy-making
  • Three main types:
    • Communist (e.g., China, North Korea, Vietnam, Cuba)
      • Seek legitimacy through Marxist ideology, nationalism, internal and external threats (maintain power through force against opponents, state ownership of economy, state-sponsored organizations for workers, youth, & women, policies to benefit key social groups)
    • Fascist (e.g., 1930s Germany and Italy)
      • Centralization and command of individual leader; charismatic leader represents will of people; ultranationalism (“organic nation”); minorities not tolerated; use of violence and restrictions on civil and political rights
    • Nationalist (e.g., many post-colonial African countries)
Single-Party Regimes
electoral authoritarian regimes
Hold regularly scheduled elections, allow for multiple parties to compete; elections strongly tilted in favor of ruling party (e.g., Russia, Malaysia, Egypt)
  • Seek legitimacy through:
    • Regularly scheduled multiparty elections
    • Raising living standards
    • Market-oriented economic reforms
    • Coercion to control groups
Electoral Authoritarian Regimes
evaluating authoritarianism
Mixed record with homicide, infant mortality, and adult literacy rates
  • Polity IV ranks democracy on a -10 (authoritarian) to +10 (democratic) scale
    • Monarchies = lowest democracy ratings overall (-10)
    • Military regimes = on average (-4)
    • Communist single-party regimes = (-7)
    • Electoral authoritarian regimes = range (-3 to +5)
Evaluating Authoritarianism
conclusions
Types of feasible authoritarian regimes have been narrowed
  • Democracy only widely accepted way of gaining political legitimacy, even in authoritarian regimes
  • Electoral authoritarianism is the most prevalent type
Conclusions