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Global Trends in the Livestock Sector and FAO Strategies for Livestock Development Raffaele Mattioli, Funzionario in Sanità Animali, AGA. Shares of Population and GNP 1994. World Population Growth and Distribution (%). 3 billions. 5.6 billions. 7.3 billions.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Global Trendsin theLivestock SectorandFAO Strategiesfor Livestock DevelopmentRaffaele Mattioli, Funzionario in Sanità Animali, AGA
world population growth and distribution
World Population Growthand Distribution (%)

3 billions

5.6 billions

7.3 billions

slide4

Global Cereal, Meat and Milk Production 1980 - 1999 (1980 = 100%)

%

1980-------------------1990--------------------1999

slide7

Relationship Between Meat Consumption and Income

5

meat cons.

(log

scale)

4

China

Trend

3

2

1

India

0

10

4

5

6

7

8

9

11

income/person (log scale)

annual growth rates of different production systems in developing countries
Annual Growth Rates of Different Production Systems in Developing Countries

in terms of meat production

Industrial systems

Mixed systems

Grazing systems

SSA:Sub-Saharan Africa

WANA:West Asia & North Africa

CSA:Central & South America

slide9

Total cereal use as feed

2020

Region

1983

1993

(million MT)

178

China

40

84

India

2

3

14

Latin America

40

55

92

Sub-Saharan

2

3

5

Africa

World

592

636

928

the aga division in the context of fao s strategic framework 2000 2015
The AGA Division in the Context of FAO’s Strategic Framework 2000 - 2015

Objective

Eradication of food insecurity and rural poverty

Strategies

Policy and regulatory frameworks for food, agriculture, fisheries and forestry

Sustainable increases in the supply and availability of food and other products from the crop, livestock, fisheries and forestry sectors

Conservation, improvement and sustainable use of natural resources for food and agriculture

Improving decision-making through provision of information and assessments and fostering of knowledge management for food and agriculture

programme entities
Programme Entities

Contribution of livestock to poverty alleviation

Global strategy for the management of farm animal genetic resources

Technologies and systems for efficient and sustainable natural resources use in intensifying and expanding livestock production

AGA

Livestock

Programme

programme entities1
Programme Entities

Environmental management of insect-borne diseases

Emergency prevention system for transboundary animal diseases

Veterinary public health management and food and feed safety

AGA

Livestock

Programme

programme entities2
Programme Entities

Livestock information and knowledge system

Livestock sector analysis and strategy development

AGA

Livestock

Programme

slide14

>

-

5

0

0

-

5

0

0

-

0

0

-

2

0

2

0

-

1

0

0

1

0

0

-

2

5

0

2

5

0

-

7

5

0

7

5

0

-

1

5

0

0

1

5

0

0

-

3

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

-

6

0

0

0

>

6

0

0

0

Total livestock biomass density change (kg/km²): 1962-1994

slide15

Estimated disease occurrence score

Low disease occurrence

High disease occurrence

No data

livestock and public health facts
Livestock and Public Health: Facts

Livestock and their products can be a major public health hazard

low intensity production:“classical zoonoses”(brucellosis, tuberculosis, trichinellosis)

zoonoses of “intensification”:caused by bacteria

(coli, salmonella, campylobacter) because of animal

movements and food processing; antibiotic resistance

emerging zoonoses(Nippah virus, BSE, avian flu); creation of “new” pathogens

Intensity increases

eu geographical bse risk analysis
EU-Geographical BSE Risk Analysis

Not done

Highly unlikely

Unlikely

Likely or lower level

Confirmed at higher

level

fao actions
FAO Actions
  • Assist countries in national risk assessment and capacity building for BSE surveillance and control
slide19

FMD - evolution of S-Asia serotype

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

slide20

FMD - geographical distribution

EU countries stopped vaccination in 1992

slide21

FMD - assessment and action

International collaboration in FMD control is crucial

Europe: European Commission for the Control of FMD

(EUFMD)

Latin America: Hemispheric FMD Eradication Plan (Panaftosa)

Africa: Pan-African Programme for the Control of Epizotics (PACE)

S-E Asia: Regional FMD control programme (OIE)

slide22

Eight Selected Medium-Term Outputs of the AGA

Animal Production and Health Programme

Global Livestock Information System and Knowledge

Framework, including Global Animal Agriculture Atlas

Livestock Development Strategy Negotiation Framework

Decision Support for R&D Allowing Smallholder Livestock

Producers to Enter Competitive Markets

Environmental Impact of Livestock Production Assessed

State-of-the-World Report on Animal Genetic Resources

Feed and Food Safety Codes and Best Practices in Animal

Production

Integrated Trypanosomiasis Control in Priority Areas

The World Without Rinderpest