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Entry 5. Overview of the Georgia Colony. James Edward Oglethorpe. Born December 1696 Started in Parliament at age 25 Became a hero to the poor in England He released debtors from prison and worked to reform prisons while in Parliament. James Edward Oglethorpe.

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Entry 5

Entry 5

Overview of the Georgia Colony

James edward oglethorpe
James Edward Oglethorpe

  • Born December 1696

  • Started in Parliament at age 25

  • Became a hero to the poor in England

    • He released debtors from prison and worked to reform prisons while in Parliament

James edward oglethorpe1
James Edward Oglethorpe

  • Both Oglethorpe and John Percival proposed a new colony to be developed in N. America for debtors and charity cases.

James edward oglethorpe2
James Edward Oglethorpe

  • In the war between England and Spain

  • Oglethorpe was a Colonel and led the attack against the Spanish in the Battle of the Bloody Marsh

  • Was promoted to General afterwards and went home to England


  • Born around 1650

  • Leader of the Yamacraw Indian tribe

  • The Yamacraw’s were part of the Creek Indians


  • Allowed colonists to have the land between the Savannah and the Altamaha Rivers

  • Set up trade agreements and prices with the colonists.

  • Went to England w/ Oglethorpe where officials were impressed with him and showered him with money and gifts.

Tomochichi the battle of bloody marsh
Tomochichi & the battle of Bloody Marsh

  • Wanted to remain neutral

  • Fought alongside Oglethorpe during the Battle of Bloody Marsh

    ~ After Tomochichi’s death, Oglethorpe, living in England, paid for a full military funeral on his behalf.

Failures and gaines

The Georgia Colony

Failures and Gaines

Failures and gaines for georgia



  • Few debtors ever reached colony’s shores.

  • Colony was an economic failure.

  • Many colonists moved elsewhere.

  • Rum and slavery were eventually introduced after all.

  • Lack of leadership after Oglethorpe left (Colony had 4 different leaders before it became a Royal Colony.)

  • 5,500 people settled in Georgia and built new homes to start their lives.

  • Protestants were able to practice their religion freely.

  • Georgia was safe from Spanish invasion and had worked out treaties with Indians.

  • Colonists gained ownership of land and women could inherit property.

  • Colony survived despite hardships of the first 20 years.

Failures and Gaines for Georgia

Georgia under trustee rule royal rule

What were the differences?

Georgia under Trustee Rule / Royal rule


Trustee Rule

Royal Rule

  • All land between the Savannah and Altamaha Rivers from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean

  • Boundary Changed in 1763 when the St. Mary’s river was made the Southern boundary and the Mississippi River was declared the Western Boundary.





  • All laws and regulations by the Trustees in England were subject to approval by the King. Oglethorpe, as resident Trustee, served as a type of Governor.

  • Georgia was under direct control of the British government.

  • A Royal Governor and legislative body were assigned to make the laws.

  • Adult , white, male landowners could vote and serve in that legislative body

  • Parishes were created.





  • There was NO established church.

  • Freedom of religion existed, except for Catholics who were not allowed in the colony.

  • The Anglican Church (Church of England) was established as the official church of the colony.


Land ownership slavery



  • Ownership was restricted to 50 acres.

  • Colonists who paid their own way could receive up to 500 acres.

  • Could not sell the land

  • If a colonist left, the land was returned to the trustees

  • Land could only be inherited by a male heir

  • Slavery – NOT allowed until 1750

  • Limits on land ownership were removed.

  • IndianLand was given away under the Headright system.

    • 100 Acres and additional land for each family member

  • Land could now be inherited by females as well as males.

  • Slavery - Allowed

Land Ownership & Slavery