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THE GLOBAL CONFLICT:
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  1. THE GLOBAL CONFLICT: AXIS ADVANCES

  2. Happy Birthday big guy • Adolf Hitler’s Birthday • April 20, 1889 • 121 years old

  3. ?? What you should know ?? • 1.) Name and describe the event that boosts British morale. • 2.) What is Germany’s new “type of warfare”? • 3.) Explain the outcome of Operation Sea Lion.

  4. EARLY AXIS GAINS • September 1, 1939 – The Nazi-German forces storm into Poland. • Hitler utilizes “BLITZKRIEG” • Lightning War: German planes fly in to attack troops and civilians • Next, tanks quickly roll in. • Lastly, troop transports move in to occupy. • Stalin invades from the East. • Within one month, Poland no longer exists.

  5. The Phony War • “Phony War” • French troops wait along with British troops behind the MAGINOT Line. • Quiet time during winter 1939. • War ‘EXPLODES’ in April 1940. • Hitler takes Norway and Denmark. Netherlands and Belgium are next. • Hitler has his sights set on crushing France

  6. “THE MIRACLE @ DUNKIRK” • German forces were pouring into France. • The retreating British forces were trapped between the Nazi forces pushing east and the English Channel. • Britain sends all of its naval vessels, even fishing boats, to stage a rescue of its stranded troops. • Despite German air attacks on the beach of Dunkirk. • 300,000 are safely rescued give Brits a morale boost!!

  7. THE FALL OF FRANCE • The forces of Germany had made it to Paris. • June 22, 1940 – Hitler avenges the loss of 1918 and has eliminated the pain of Versailles. • France must sign surrender documents. Northern France is now under German control. • Some “free French” set up a government in exile. Led by Charles de Gaulle.

  8. TECHNOLOGY OF MODERN WAR • The use of Air power is paramount. • Luftwaffe – German air force • Armored tanks vastly improved from WWI. • Scientists helped to improved capabilities of weaponry. • Sonar used by submarines. • Radar used by airplane pilots.

  9. THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN • With France fallen, Britain is the next target and last democracy in West. Europe. • Prime Minister Winston Churchill will not give in. • “We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be.” • Operation Sea Lion • Starting on August 12, 1940, German planes bomb southeast coast of England. • “The Blitz” is initiated.

  10. THE BLITZ • September 7, 1940 • Planes bomb London for 57 straight nights (Sept. 7, 1940). • Much is destroyed and 15,000 lose their lives. • Citizens encouraged to go about daily routines. Parliament continued to meet. • The King and Queen stayed too. • British remain united together. • By June 1941, Operation Sea Lion was a failure. • Next Target: The Soviet Union

  11. OPERATION BARBAROSSA • June 1941, conquest of Soviet Union is Hitler’s goal. • Must defeat his rival Stalin. • New blitzkrieg with 3 million Germans pouring into USSR. • USSR lose 2.5 million soldiers in fighting. Burn factories, crops, ect. • Just like Napoleon, the “General winter” of 1941 will be Soviets best defense.

  12. SIEGE OF LENINGRAD • 2 and-a-half year battle for city. • Citizens starved and suffered. • “jellied meat” – boiled wallpaper • Over one million citizens die. • German forces are somewhat stopped.

  13. AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT GROWS • Lend-Lease Act – 1941 • FDR says USA is, “the arsenal of Democracy.” • Atlantic Charter • August 1941 – Churchill and FDR meet to make plans. • “Destruction of Nazi tyranny.” • United States do not enter, but are ready to support.

  14. JAPAN ATTACKS • Japan wants to expand territorial control in Asia and Pacific. USA stands in the way. • No peace talks can be made. • General Tojo executes a “surprise attack” against the United States in Pacific. • U.S. Naval base at Pearl Harbor.

  15. DECEMBER 7, 1941 • “A DATE, WHICH WILL LIVE IN INFAMY.” • Early in the morning, Japanese planes bombard American base. • Airplanes destroyed, 19 ships are demolished, and 2,400 will perish. • President Roosevelt asks to declare “WAR on JAPAN”. • As allies, Germany and Italy declare war against the United States (12/11/1941).

  16. ?? What you should know ?? • 1.) Name and describe the event that boosts British morale. • 2.) What is Germany’s new “type of warfare”? • 3.) Explain the outcome of Operation Sea Lion.