Origin • No founder • Originated in India • “Hindu” derived from the name of the River Indus • River was originally called “Sindu’’ • Persians migrated River was called “Hindu” • Inhabitants of the land became to be known as the Hindus • Brought to India by the Aryans • Invaded Indus Valley and settled along Indus River in 2000 BC
Diffusion • South and Southeast Asia • West
Common Practices • Focuses of worship • Individually, outside of temple, home • No day of worship - Some days for certain deities • Time of day prayer • Less regulation – leave ceremonies • Different relationship with God
Diverse Focuses of Worship: • The Supreme (God) • The variety of gods (devas) and goddesses (devis) and minor deities (devatas) • The spiritual preceptor (acharyaor guru) • The teacher (also called guru) • The qualified brahmana • The monarch (as the representative of God) • Family elders (like the mother and father) • The cow (as mother) and bull (as father) • Sacred plants (such as the Tulasi and Bilva) • Sacred rivers (such as the Ganges) • The land (considered one of the natural mothers), and those places where God and holy people have appeared • All living beings (as parts of God)
Holy Places • Mandira (Temple) • Tirthas (crossing place) –pilgrimage • The Four Holy Dhamas Puri (East) Rameshvaram (South) Dvaraka (West) Badrinatha (North Himalayas)
Conflicts • Caste Conflicts - religious/tribal/cultural differences • Religious processions and playing of music before mosques • Conversions from one religion to another • Rivalry • Cow Protection • Banning cow slaughter; conflicting secularism • Communal riots
Conflicts • Muslim – Hindu Tension • Hinduism and Science
Works Cited • "Hinduism: The world's third largest religion." Patheos. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2012. • "Hinduism: The world's third largest religion." Religious Tolerance. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2012. • "Hindu Temples, Hindu Sacred Sites & Hindu Pilgrimages in India." Sacred Destinations. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2012.