State-building, expansion and conflict. Political structures and forms of governance Empires Nations and nationalism Revolts and revolutions Regional, transregional, and global structures and organizations.
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Hunter-Gatherers and Pastoral nomads have limited political structure.
They had to invent new ways to keep their land together.
How did the classical empires accomplish this?
shared power with the Senate and 2 consuls usually selected from the military. Later, an empire with focus on
military conquest, colonization, and law codes.
The ideal was to use principle of the rule of law; not the
rule by the whim of the emperor.
Mandate of Heaven, the emperor was the Sun of Heaven housed in the Forbidden City.
Yellow Turban Revolt
What causes regionalism?
Mauryan and Gupta gain power through the
The greatest of the Mauryan kings
How do you know?
“Protect trade routes.” Sounds familiar doesn’t it?
Organized into regional Khanates which were politically controlled by a relative
with one main ruler known as the Great Khan.
Strong support for transportation and communication
Religion played a role
Took tribute from their neighbors
Hegemony over neighbors
Didn’t emphasize the military as much so not as much hegemony
Trade, communication and transportation still importantTANG AND SONG DYNASTIES
TANG AND SONG DYNASTIES
Tax Farming. This outsourcing of tax collection
led to corruption and rebellion and ultimately to
What do these names have in common?
Fujiwara, Minamoto, Tokugawa
The feudal system was less centralized than some areas, but more
powerful than a local government. Political values emphasized what?
Justinian law codes the biggest legacy.
The ruler was absolute in power and controlled the
church as well.
Copied Justinian law codes and organized into a state
by the 10thc. in Kiev.
Power of nomads decreased because of sea trade’s rising importance.
Major maritime powers were?
Major Gunpowder Empires were?
Establish trade and bureaucracy again!
Send out trade expeditions to start collecting tribute again!
Afraid of another invasion from the North and West…again!
Begin to isolate themselves, because Confucian bureaucrats
Suffered from inept rulers who were isolated from the empire in the
Invaded by outsiders…again!
Manchu take the name Qing…used Mandate of Heaven to justify…
The pope remained politically powerful. Treaty of Tordesillas!
Kings begin to shake off feudalism and become more centralized by
taking on absolutism.
In Spain and Portugal they support exploration. Name those kings!
Later, so do France and England.
King Henry VIII Church and takes over the monasteries separates from the Catholic church.
Elizabeth I defeats the Spanish Armada.
After the English Civil War the power of the king is
limited by the….of 1688
It greatly limited the power of the king AND allowed
wealthier merchants to participate in the government
I AM THE STATE!
Kings were not gods, but they were
His lieutenants on earth.
He greatly weakened the power of the
nobles and the feudal system.