How far did Germany recover under Stresemann (1923-9)? To assess the skills of Gustav Stresemann & extent of recovery in Germany after the crisis year of 1923 Aims
Your task • Read p.26 and list the reasons why Stresemann was a good politician
Role of Stresemann • Experienced politician - Chancellor, Foreign Minister • Diplomat – Locarno Tr. (1925), League of nations (’26), Young Plan (’29) • Gifted orator • Nobel Peace Prize (1926) Do Stresemann’s skills remind you of other leaders we have studied?
Your task Read p.26-7. Which problems have been solved by 1929? Which problems still remain?
Economic recovery • Rentenmark • 1924, Dawes Plan – US lent 800 million marks • 1925, French ended occupation of Ruhr • 1929, Young Plan, reduced reparations 60% • 1928, industrial production topped pre-war levels • Construction – infrastructure, 3 million new homes
International Relations • 1925, Locarno Treaty with GB, Fr., It. guaranteeing its frontiers • 1926, Germ. joined League of Nations • 1928, Kellogg-Briand Pact – ‘the solution of all disputes shall only be sought by peaceful means’ Why might the Locarno Treaty have been unpopular?
Political situation • Stable govt. – Social Democrats formed a coalition supporting Weimar Republic • Decline in support for extremists (NAZIs won 12 seats in 1928 Reichstag elections) Why do you think there was less support for extremist parties at this time (1923-9)?
Problems • American loans • Depression in agriculture • Extremism (NAZIs / Communists) • 1925, Hindenburg elected President – opponent of Republic • 1929, death of Stresemann • 1929, Wall St. Crash Why do you think Hindenburg opposed the Weimar Republic?
Culture • Cultural revival • Berlin pleasure capital of Europe (C. Isherwood, ‘Goodbye to Berlin’ –AKA Cabaret) • Lifts on censorship • Experimental art, e.g. Georg Grosz, Erich Marque, ‘All Quiet on the Western Front’, Otto Dix depiction of First World War generals. Why would images like this not have been possible under the Kaiser?
Plenary How healthy was the Weimar Republic in 1929?
Homework • It is 1929. You have been asked to write a confidential report for the Chancellor on the current health of the Weimar Republic. Refer to the following: • The crisis year of 1923 • Improvements in relations with other countries • Politics • Economy • Which problems have been solved & which remain unresolved by 1929? Which problem is the most serious?