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MARIA MONTESSORI. Biographical Information. 1870-1952 first Italian woman physician interest in mental retardation - especially those institutionalized and lacking normal educational experiences followed the methodologies of Seguin:

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Presentation Transcript
biographical information
Biographical Information
  • 1870-1952
  • first Italian woman physician
  • interest in mental retardation - especially those institutionalized and lacking normal educational experiences
  • followed the methodologies of Seguin:
    • developmentally challenged children interested in sensory stimulation and physical activity
    • Montessori used a variety of tasks which were concrete (i.e. involved manipulation of objects, etc.)
  • bore a child out of wedlock
  • 1907 - created a school in Rome for poor children
    • completely successful by 1913 (but not accepted by mainstream educators)
    • forgotten by 1918
    • resurgence of interest in her work during the 1960's
theoretical foundations
Theoretical Foundations
  • theoretical work similar to Rousseau:
    • focus on self-learning of children
    • belief that the thinking patterns of children are different from those of adults
  • sensitive period concept:
    • genetically-based
    • apply both to cognitive and physical abilities
    • children are innately inclined to focus on these activities ... to stop them from doing so, negatively affects development
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MARIA MONTESSORI

  • SENSITIVE PERIODS
sensitive periods
Sensitive Periods
  • The Sensitive Period for Order
    • first 3 years of life
    • notion that children like to "put things in their place"
      • e.g. crying six-month-old who was concerned that an umbrella should not be left on the table ... rather it should be put in the umbrella rack
  • The Sensitive Period for Details
    • between 1 and 2 years
    • focus on small details as opposed to the larger picture:
      • e.g. insects
      • e.g. background information in pictures
  • The Sensitive Period for the Use of Hands
    • between 18 months and 3 years
    • focus on activities done with the hands:
      • e.g. opening/shutting containers
      • e.g. placing things into and taking them out of containers
  • The Sensitive Period for Walking
    • no exact date given
    • focus on walking for the sheer pleasure of the act of walking:
      • e.g. repetition of going up and down the stairs
  • The Sensitive Period for Language
    • from birth to 2/3 years
    • focus on learning the meaning and grammar of one (or more) languages
      • language learning seems to be unconscious (therefore making it possible for young child to learn several languages)
      • physical experience (as opposed to mental)
      • gone by age 3
    • learning order is not incremental ... sometimes great, sometimes plateau
    • 3 years - change from unconscious language learning to conscious
    • ability to talk is secure before the start of school
chelsea film
Chelsea Film
  • Remember the lessons we learned regarding “sensitive periods” of brain development – “windows of opportunity” in the Sixty Minutes film clip we watched in class
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MARIA MONTESSORI

  • SENSITIVE PERIODS
  • INDEPENDENT MASTERY
  • CHILD ORIENTED/CHILD DIRECTED
  • GRADUAL PREPARATION . . . BY DOING
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MARIA MONTESSORI

  • SENSITIVE PERIODS
  • INDEPENDENT MASTERY
  • CHILD ORIENTED/CHILD DIRECTED
  • GRADUAL PREPARATION . . . BY DOING
  • TEACHER AS FACILITATOR

ONE CANNOT BE FREE IF ONE IS NOT INDEPENDENT