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CSA Driver Training. Who is subject?. Carriers and their drivers are subject if the carrier: has a U.S. DOT Number; and operates commercial motor vehicles as defined in 49 CFR 390.5 in interstate commerce; or Transports placarded hazmat in intrastate commerce. Who is subject?.

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who is subject

Who is subject?

  • Carriers and their drivers are subject if the carrier:
    • has a U.S. DOT Number; and
    • operates commercial motor vehicles as defined in 49 CFR 390.5 in interstate commerce; or
    • Transports placarded hazmat in intrastate commerce
who is subject1

Who is subject?

  • A commercial motor vehicle is defined in §390.5 as:
    • having a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating of 10,001 pounds (4,537 kilograms) or more;
    • designed to transport 16 or more passengers including the driver; or
    • transporting hazardous materials in a type and quantity which require placarding
who is subject2

Who is subject?

  • Intrastate commerce carriers and drivers are not subject to CSA’s enforcement model unless hauling placarded hazmat
  • Intrastate commerce enforcement models are determined by the state
safety measurement system

Safety Measurement System

  • Safety Measurement System (SMS) replaced SafeStat and its methodology
  • Information originates from the Motor Carrier Management Information System (MCMIS) as it did under SafeStat
safety measurement system1

Safety Measurement System

  • MCMIS:
    • State and federal enforcement personnel enter results of roadside inspections, crashes, and investigations
    • All violations appearing in the CSA severity tables and noted on a roadside inspection report are included in the CSA system
    • MCMIS contains Motor Carrier Census data appearing on the carrier’s MCS-150
safety measurement system2

Safety Measurement System

  • SMS includes two systems:
    • Carrier Safety Measurement System (CSMS) scores the previous 24 months of carrier data in MCMIS
    • Driver Safety Measurement System (DSMS) scores the previous 36 months of driver data in MCMIS
safety measurement system3

Safety Measurement System

  • Information on the driver’s MVR is not included
  • This is a completely different database and reporting system
safety measurement system4

Safety Measurement System

  • CSMS:
    • has both a public and private view
    • categorizes violations and scores them using a set of algorithms
safety measurement system5

Safety Measurement System

  • DSMS:
    • Employers and insurers do not have access — only enforcement personnel, and only during the course of a carrier audit
safety measurement system6

Safety Measurement System

  • Violations and crashes:
    • remain in the DSMS even when the driver switches employers
    • are only removed from the driver’s record with the passage of time
safety measurement system7

Safety Measurement System

  • New employers do not inherit a driver’s safety history from another employer in the CSMS
  • Only those safety-related events occurring under their U.S. DOT number are calculated into the carrier’s CSMS scores
basics

BASICs

  • Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs):
    • replaced SafeStat’s Safety Evaluation Areas (SEAs)
    • categorize and weight violations by severity and how old they are
basics1

BASICs

  • BASICs include:
    • Unsafe Driving (Part 392, 397, and traffic laws)
    • Hours-of-Service (HOS) Compliance (Parts 392 and 395)
    • Driver Fitness (Parts 383 and 391)
    • Controlled Substances/Alcohol (Parts 382 and 392)
basics2

BASICs

  • BASICs include (continued):
    • Vehicle Maintenance (Parts 393 and 396)
    • Hazardous Materials (HM) Compliance(HM regulations & Part 397)
    • Crash Indicator (accidents appearing on the accident register, §390.15)
csa scoring of violations

CSA Scoring of Violations

  • Roadside inspection violations are placed into one of six BASICs
  • Each violation is given a severity weight:
    • a point value of 1-10 based on relationship to crash causation, and
    • 2 additional points added if it resulted in an out-of-service order (just for some BASICs, not all)
csa scoring of violations1

CSA Scoring of Violations

  • Severity weighting is capped at 30 for one single BASIC for one single roadside inspection
  • Multiple violations of the same regulation during a single roadside inspection are only counted as one violation, instead of being stacked (e.g., tire tread low on all tires)
csa scoring of violations2

CSA Scoring of Violations

  • Carriers: all inspections, violations, and crashes are “time-weighted” using the following weighting:
    • 0 to 6 months = 3
    • 7 to 12 months = 2
    • 13-24 months = 1
csa scoring of violations3

CSA Scoring of Violations

  • Drivers: all inspections, violations, and crashes are “time-weighted” using the following weighting:
    • 0 to 12 months = 3
    • 13 to 24 months = 2
    • 25-36 months = 1
csa scoring of violations4

CSA Scoring of Violations

  • Each BASIC is totaled
  • The BASIC “measure” is determined by dividing total of event scores by a “normalizing factor”
csa scoring of violations5

CSA Scoring of Violations

  • Normalizing factors for carriers include:
    • Number of power units and vehicle miles traveled: Unsafe Driving, and Crash BASICs
    • Total of all time-weighted relevant inspections: HOS Compliance, Driver Fitness, HM Compliance, Vehicle Maintenance, and Controlled Substances/Alcohol BASICs
csa scoring of violations6

CSA Scoring of Violations

  • Normalizing factors for drivers:
      • Total of all time-weighted driver inspections:HOS Compliance and Driver Fitness BASICs
      • Total of all time-weighted vehicle inspections: Vehicle Maintenance and HM Compliance BASICs
      • The Unsafe Driving, Drugs/Alcohol, and Crash BASICs do not have a normalizing factor
csa scoring of violations7

CSA Scoring of Violations

  • BASIC Score for carriers
    • Carriers divided into Safety Event Groups (peer groups)
    • Percentile Ranking (0%-100%) assigned inside each Safety Event Group
    • Percentile Ranking is the “BASIC Score”
csa scoring for violations

CSA Scoring for Violations

  • BASIC Score for drivers
    • Drivers compared to driver peer groups based on Normalizing Factor used earlier
    • For Unsafe Driving, Drugs/Alcohol, and Crash BASICs, they are compared against all drivers with at least one violation in that BASIC
    • Percentile Ranking assigned; this is the “BASIC Score”
csa scoring of crashes

CSA Scoring of Crashes

  • Severity weight for both CSMS and DSMS:
    • Tow-away, but no injury or fatality: 1
    • Injury or fatality: 2
    • Hazmat release: Add 1 point to applicable severity weight above
csa scoring of crashes1

CSA Scoring of Crashes

  • Time weight for crashes for CSMS:
    • 0 to 6 months = 3
    • 7 to 12 months = 2
    • 13 -24 months = 1
csa scoring of crashes2

CSA Scoring of Crashes

  • Time weight for crashes for DSMS:
    • 0 to 12 months = 3
    • 13 to 24 months = 2
    • 25 -36 months = 1
csa scoring of crashes3

CSA Scoring of Crashes

  • Carriers are normalized using Average Power Units and Vehicle Miles Traveled and compared against those with the same range of power units and assigned a percentile ranking
  • Drivers are ranked amongst all drivers that have had at least one crash and are assigned a percentile ranking
challenging inaccurate data

Challenging Inaccurate Data

  • Review the information within MCMIS that the FMCSA has on you:
    • DSMS: Drivers must use the Freedom of Information Act or purchase a Pre-employment Screening Program Report (BASIC Scoring not included in either)
    • CSMS: Motor carriers can use the public and private views online
challenging inaccurate data1

Challenging Inaccurate Data

  • Challenges to MCMIS data can be done through FMCSA’s DataQs portal at: https://dataqs.fmcsa.dot.gov/login.asp
  • FMCSA acts as mediator with state, but the state’s final determination stands
interventions

Interventions

  • Based on a carrier’s BASIC Scores, it may become a candidate for an intervention
  • Thresholds vary depending on type of carrier and the BASIC
interventions1

Interventions

  • Interventions include:
    • Warning letter
    • Targeted roadside enforcement (ISS)
    • Focused off-site investigation
    • Focused on-site investigation
    • Comprehensive review (compliance review)
    • Cooperative (corrective) safety plan
    • Notice of Violation
    • Notice of Claim/Consent Agreement
interventions2

Interventions

  • Any intervention may be used at any time for carriers
  • Not necessarily used “in order”
interventions3

Interventions

  • Drivers are currently only subject to a Notice of Violation and Notice of Claim issued in conjunction with an investigation of a current or former employer