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Poetry/Figurative Language. CA II. “We Got the Beat. Poetry has a beat or RHYTHM A major element of poetry is FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE or FIGURES OF SPEECH. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE/FIGURES OF SPEECH. Language that is shaped by the imagination.

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we got the beat
“We Got the Beat
  • Poetry has a beat or RHYTHM
  • A major element of poetry is FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE or FIGURES OF SPEECH
figurative language figures of speech
  • Language that is shaped by the imagination.
  • A Figure of Speech is never literally true--but suggests an idea to our imagination.
  • A comparison of unlike things in which a connection is revealed. A metaphor allows us to speak in an imaginative shorthand
  • “The fog comes in on little cat feet”--Sandburg
  • A figure of speech that uses the words--like, as, than or resembles.
  • In a good simile, the comparison is unexpected, but reasonable.
  • “My love is LIKE a red, red rose.”--Burns
  • Personification is when we attribute human qualities to nonhuman things or to an abstract idea.
  • “As I could not stop for Death, he kindly stopped for me”--Dickinson
  • A SYMBOL is often an ordinary object, event, person, or animal to which we have attached extraordinary meaning.
  • SYMBOLS like all figures of speech allow the poet to suggest layers and layers of meaning.
  • Common symbols: American flag, heart(love), etc.
  • Seeing with our minds. An image is a representation of anything we can:
  • “The loveliest of trees, the cherry now

Is hung with blooms along the bough.”-Housman

rhythm meter
  • Poetry is a musical kind of speech.
  • Poetry is based on rhythm
  • Poets can use meter--a strict, rhythmic pattern of stressed/unstressed syllables in each line
          • Iamb (u /)-insist
          • Trochee(/ u)-double
          • Anapest(u u /)-understand
          • Dactyl(/ u u)-excellent
          • Spondee(/ /)-football
free verse
  • Free Verse is poetry that is free from the old metric rules.--Free Verse is a loose kind of rhythm in which the sounds of long phrases are balanced against short verses.
  • The repetition of the accented vowel sound and all following sounds in a word.
  • End rhyme--rhyme at the end of lines:”Three young rats with black felt hats Three young ducks with white straw flats.
  • Internal rhyme--rhyme within a line.
  • “It was on Wednesday night, the moon was shining bright.’--anonymous
  • RHYME SCHEME is the pattern of rhyme.
  • Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in words that appear close together.
  • “Bright balloons bouncing on the boardwalk’--Sloan
  • Onomatopoeia is the use of words that sound like they they mean:
  • Examples: snap, crackle, pop, woof, meow--etc.
types of poetry sonnet
Types of Poetry: Sonnet
  • Sonnet--strict structure
  • 14 lines--3 quatrains of 4 rhyming lines and ending couplet that rhymes
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day
  • Thou art more lovely and more temperate
  • Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May
  • And summer’s lease hath all too short a date.
  • Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
  • And often is his gold complexion dimmed;
  • And every fair from fair sometime declines,
  • By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimmed;
  • But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
  • Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st,
  • Nor shall Death brag thou wand’rest in his shade,
  • When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st,
  • So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
  • So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
  • ---William Shakespeare
  • A story poem meant to be sung:
  • “Bonny Barbara Allen” anonymous
  • Oh, in the merry month of May
  • When all things were a-blooming.
  • Sweet William came from the Western states
  • And courted Barbara Allen…