Poetry is… • Writing that formulates an imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound, and rhythm. • Poetry tells a story
Prose is… • Prose is the most typical form of language. The English word 'prose' is derived from the Latin word prōsa, which literally translates as 'straight-forward.
Poetry -VS- Prose • Prose Poetry
Stanzas *The way a poem is organized *Grouping of lines, set off by a space *Named according to line length *Signal change
Types of stanzas? • What is a one line stanza? • What is a two line stanza? • What is a three line stanza? • What is a four line stanza?
“Witch Way” With warts on her nose And sharp pointy toes, She flies through the night on her broom. With covers pulled tight In the shadows of night, I hide in the dark of my room.
“Pumpkins on Guard” Look at all the pumpkin faces Lighting up so many places. On the porch and in the yard, Pumpkin faces standing guard. Looking friendly, looking mean, With a smile or with a scream. Orange faces burning bright In the cool October night.
“Falling Asleep in Class” I fell asleep in class today, as I was awfully bored. I laid my head upon my desk and closed my eyes and snored. I woke to find a piece of paper sticking to my face. I’d slobbered on my textbooks, and my hair was a disgrace. My clothes were badly rumpled, and my eyes were glazed and red. My binder left a three Ring indentation in my head. I slept through class, and probably I would have slept some more, except my students woke me as they headed out the door.
Rhyme Scheme is…. • Arrangement of rhymes in a poem • Rhyming Pattern • The first rhyme sound of a poem is labeled “A” • Letters used to indicate which lines rhyme.
“I’m Late For School” • I got up late for school today,And nearly missed the bus!I hurried down the stairs,Wolfed my toast, and caused a fuss!I quickly threw books in my bag,My pens, my lunch and shorts.Grabbed my coat from out the cupboard,Took my bat and ball for sports.I slid across the kitchen floor,And hopped around the cat!Then expertly rolled over,Jumped back up and grabbed my hat! • I belted out of our front door,Spun round and swung it shut.Saw the bus was waiting for me,I felt I had time to strut!I climbed aboard and then froze still,And knew that things weren't right!My friends fell down in fits of fun,And pointed with delight!My face went red, I couldn't breathe,For in my haste I knew!I'd forgotten to wear trousers,Jumper, shirt, my socks and shoes!
“My Dad’s Old Car” Rattle, hum, hiss, bang,This car has got to go!It really is quite sick,It huffs and puffs and blows!Crackle, whizz, cough, wheeze,I think it's going to stop!We've just gone round a cornerAnd the engine fell right off!
Example of Rhyme Scheme • 'I Heard a Bird Sing' by Oliver HerfordI heard a bird sing AIn the dark of December BA magical thing AAnd sweet to remember. B • 'We are nearer to Spring AThan we were in September,‘ BI heard a bird sing AIn the dark of December. B
Ex #2 “Camels in the Classroom” • Don’t bring camels in the classroom.Don’t bring scorpions to school.Don’t bring rhinos, rats, or reindeer.Don’t bring mice or moose or mule. • Pull your penguin off the playground.Put your python in a tree.Place your platypus whereveryou think platypi should be. • Lose your leopard and your lemur.Leave your llama and your leech.Take your tiger, toad, and toucananywhere but where they teach. • Send your wombat and your weaselwith your wasp and wolverine. Hide your hedgehog and hyenawhere you’re sure they won’t be seen. • Please get rid of your gorilla.Please kick out your kangaroo.No, the teacher didn’t mean itwhen she called the class a "zoo."
Ex #3 There once was a man from Blackheath Who sat on his set of false teeth. He cried with a start, “Oh, Lord, bless my heart! I’ve bitten myself underneath!” What is the pattern of this poem?
Free verse is… *Poetry that doesn't have to rhyme *No certain amount of lines or syllables. *Relies on “words” to create emotional effect *No structure
“I Dreamed In A Dream” • By: Walt Whitman I DREAM'D in a dream I saw a city invincible to the attacks of the whole of the rest of the earth, • I dream'd that was the new city of Friends, • Nothing was greater there than the quality of robust love, it led the rest, • It was seen every hour in the actions of the men of that city, And in all their looks and words.
What is a line break? • Emphasize a pause or silence • “Hidden punctuation” • Sets the rhythm and flow • Create the shape of the poem • Usually end in a noun, verb, adverb • Affect sound, meaning,appearance
Interactive line break activity • http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/student-interactives/line-break-explorer-30018.html
City Streets • http://www.prometheanplanet.com/en-us/Resources/Item/26296/poetry-structure
“Bubbles” Floating holes Reflecting spheres Little rainbow heads Glued together like magnets Liquid crystal balls Silent popcorn bubbles
Line Length is… • How few or how many words there are in each line • Line length helps a poet achieve a desired rhyming pattern or create a certain emphasis or rhyme with the words of a poem.
“The Red Wheelbarrow” So much depends Upon A red wheel Barrow Glazed with rain Water Beside the white chickens • What do you notice about the pattern of this poem? • How did the line length effect the rhythm of the poem?
Capitalization • First letter of each line capitalized • The title of poems should be capitalized • The basic rules of capitalization apply • Places emphasis on certain words
“Autumn Greeting” Come, said the Wind to the Leaves one day. Come over the meadow and we will play Put on your dresses of red and gold. For summer is gone and the days grow cold.
“Peter, Peter, Pizza Eater” Peter, Peter, pizza eater,How I wish that you were neater.Half the pizza’s on your shirt.Clean the mess, or no dessert.
What is alliteration? • Repetition of the same sound/letter • Tongue Twister • Rhyming comes at the “front” of the word • Examples: • A: An ape ate Ace’s acorn.B: Baby Bobby bed bounced better by bedtime C: Cory collected cola cans
“Peter Piper” Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. A peck of pickles Peter Piper pickedIf Peter Piper picked a peck of picked peppers, How many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick? Can you point out the alliteration in this poem?
“Silly Sally” Silly Sally swiftly shooed seven silly sheep.The seven silly sheep Silly Sally shooedshilly-shallied south.These sheep shouldn’t sleep in a shack;Sheep should sleep in a shed. Can you point out the alliteration In this poem?
Pick out the sentences with alliteration? • The baron was busy as a bee. • The dog was dead as a doornail. • Garry gathered the garbage. • Paula planted the petunias in the pot. • Drew threw the few new screws. 6. Lazy lizards lying like lumps! 7. Show Shawn Sharon's shabby shoes. 8. Boil the butter and bring it by the bank. 9. Find fancy foods. 10. Kim comes to cut colorful kites
Personification is… ●Giving HUMAN TRAITS (qualities, feelings, actions or characteristics) directly to a non-living object. ●Writers use personification to emphasize something or make it stand out.
How can I use it? • You can personify objects: “The lights blinked in the distance.” “The moon is a harsh mistress.” “Your computer hates me.” • You can personify concepts: “Time marches on.” “It’s not nice to fool Mother Nature.” • You can personify animals: “The birds expressed their joy.” “The groundhog hovered indecisively.”
The cat and the fiddle Hey diddle, Diddle, The cat and the fiddle, The cow jumped over the moon; The little dog laughed To see such sport, And the dish ran away with the spoon.
“TWO SUNFLOWERS MOVE IN THE YELLOW ROOM” "Ah, William, we're weary of weather,"said the sunflowers, shining with dew."Our traveling habits have tired us.Can you give us a room with a view?" They arranged themselves at the windowand counted the steps of the sun,and they both took root in the carpetwhere the topaz tortoises run.
“The sun had a nasty day” The sun just had a nasty day,refused to smile or shine.It stayed behind the dark gray clouds,a mottled, grim design.But shortly after dinner timeone ray poked though the gray,a spark of golden yellow warmthreminding us of day.