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The Cold War and Korea WWII ends somewhat successfully for the Allies Stalin (Communist) and the US and Britain (Capitalist/Democratic) were at odds politically had trouble dividing up control of Germany h ad conflict over rebuilding European countries ravaged by war.
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Soviets promised to cooperate…
but everything crumbles
Soviets distrusted the US, the US thought the Soviets were trying to create a total Communist dictatorship (they were)
The conflict created is known as The Cold War
Western Bloc – the US and its Allies
Eastern Bloc – Communist nations led by the Soviet Union
It was a delicate balance between the two groups – the US already had atomic weapons – Stalin ordered Soviet scientists to develop them
forced Communist pro-Soviet regimes there as well as East Germany
Soviets insisted they needed a buffer to protect themselves from the West
What does this lead to???
1949 – North Korean dictator Kim Il-Sung invades South Korea. (his grandson, Kim Jong-
un is dictator today)
President Truman orders American troops to aid South Korean forces without a formal declaration of war from Congress.
Truman saw it as a “police action” to contain the spread of communism.
Americans with United Nations troops under the direction of General Douglas MacArthur (remember him???) lost badly in the 1st two months
MacArthur executed a daring plan – an amphibious landing and invasion at Inchon recapturing the capital of Seoul.
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North Koreans were forced to retreat to their own territory pursued by MacArthur’s forces (YAY!)
MacArthur was prepared to press into China until… Mao Zedong sent 300,000 Chinese troops to the aid of North Korea. (YIKES!)
MacArthur strongly and loudly criticized Truman’s policy of limited war
President Truman fires General MacArthur for insubordination.
but MacArthur returns to the US a hero
MacArthur’s Farewell Speech to Congress
After negotiations, conflict in Korea ends with an armistice (cease-fire agreement) signed July 1953, establishing:
civilian casualty numbers are inconsistent
By fighting in Korea – the US proved it would stand up to communism