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The Cold War Ends. Essential Question: Why did the Cold War end?. Ronald Reagan. 40 th U.S. President (1981-1989) Powerful public speaker. Ronald Reagan. Powerful public speaker Believed that the Cold War was a battle of good vs. evil

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The cold war ends

The Cold War Ends

Essential Question:

Why did the Cold War end?


Ronald reagan
Ronald Reagan

  • 40th U.S. President (1981-1989)

  • Powerful public speaker


Ronald reagan1
Ronald Reagan

  • Powerful public speaker

  • Believed that the Cold War was a battle of good vs. evil

  • Most expensive arms buildup in history ($2 trillion)


Ronald reagan2
Ronald Reagan

  • Most expensive arms buildup in history ($2 trillion)

    • Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)

      • Missile defense system

      • Nicknamed “Star Wars”


Ronald reagan3
Ronald Reagan

  • Nicknamed “Star Wars”

  • Soviet economy could not keep up


  • Ronald reagan4
    Ronald Reagan

    • Soviet economy could not keep up

  • Speech in Berlin in 1987:

    • “Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”


  • Mikhail gorbachev

    Mikhail Gorbachev

    • Last leader of the Soviet Union (USSR)

    • Tried to save the USSR

      • Economic problems

      • People wanted more freedom


    Mikhail gorbachev1
    Mikhail Gorbachev

    • Economic problems

    • People wanted more freedom

  • Introduced important reforms

    • Caused:

      • Communism to fall

      • The Cold War to end


  • Berlin wall

    Berlin Wall

    • Protests in Oct 1989 in East Germany


    Berlin wall1
    Berlin Wall

    • Protests in Oct 1989 in East Germany

    • Dismantling began on Nov 9

      • Symbolic end of the Cold War


    Berlin wall2
    Berlin Wall

    • Dismantling began on Nov 9

      • Symbolic end of the Cold War

    • Germany reunified into a single nation in Oct 1990

    Helmut Kohl


    Fall of the ussr

    Fall of the USSR

    • Collapsed in 1991

      • Broken up into 15 independent nations


    Fall of the ussr1
    Fall of the USSR

    • Collapsed in 1991

      • Broken up into 15 independent nations

      • Official end of the Cold War