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Unit Introduction and Overview. Unit objectives: Define and explain the terms tests, training, and exercises. Explain the importance of a COOP TT&E program. What is TT&E?. Tests, Training, and Exercises. Tests, Training, and Exercises .

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unit introduction and overview
Unit Introduction and Overview

Unit objectives:

  • Define and explain the terms tests, training, and exercises.
  • Explain the importance of a COOP TT&E program.
tests training and exercises1
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • Measures to ensure that an agency’s COOP program is capable of supporting the continued execution of its essential functions throughout the duration of a COOP situation.
tests training and exercises2
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • TT&E should be part of any COOP program:
    • TT&E events share the common overall goal of mission readiness.
    • Provide a framework for readiness activities that will ensure consistency and uniformity.
tests training and exercises3
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • An effective TT&E program:
    • Provides training in the appropriate functional areas of mission readiness.
    • Provides opportunities to acquire the skills and knowledge needed.
    • Builds team unity.
tests training and exercises4
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • To achieve the goal of mission readiness:
    • Include tests and exercises.
    • Reflect lessons learned from TT&E events in the training provided to COOP team members.
tests training and exercises5
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • A test is an evaluation of a capability against an
  • established and measurable standard.
  • Examples of tests include:
    • Communications tests.
    • Alert and notification tests.
    • Deployment tests.
tests training and exercises6
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • Training:
    • Instruction in core competencies and skills.
    • Provides the tools needed to accomplish a goal, meet program requirements, or acquire a specified capability.
tests training and exercises7
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • Exercises are events that allow participants to
  • apply their skills and knowledge and to allow
  • planners to evaluate their effectiveness.
  • Examples of exercises include:
    • Orientations
    • Drills
    • Tabletop exercises
    • Functional exercises
    • Full-scale exercises
tests training and exercises8
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • Orientations:
    • Provide an overview of the topic.
    • Are low-stress.
    • Provide familiarization of working sites, plans, policies, and procedures.
tests training and exercises9
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • Drills:
    • Are low-stress and slow-paced.
    • Provide a walk-through of procedures.
tests training and exercises10
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • Tabletop exercises:
    • Are low-stress and slow-paced.
    • Allow for discussion of issues, plans, policies, and procedures.
    • Provide an opportunity to resolve questions of coordination and responsibility.
tests training and exercises11
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • Functional exercises:
    • Simulate an actual emergency situation.
    • Typically evaluate a single function.
    • Involve limited deployment of personnel and resources.
tests training and exercises12
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • Full-scale exercises:
    • Simulate an actual emergency situation.
    • Involve operations, plans, processes, and procedures.
    • Require the mobilization of personnel and resources.
tests training and exercises14
Tests, Training, and Exercises
  • Benefits of exercises:
    • Reveal planning weaknesses
    • Reveal resource gaps
    • Improve coordination and communication
    • Clarify roles and responsibilities
structuring the tt e program
Structuring the TT&E Program
  • TT&E activities fall into twp broad categories:
    • Standard, recurring events
    • Special events
structuring the tt e program1

Establishing The Base

Program Followup

Program Development

Program Evaluation & Critique

Program Management

Structuring the TT&E Program
  • Establishing the base:
    • Develop Program Purpose
    • Review Plans, Policies, Procedures
    • Conduct Needs Assessment
    • Define Program Scope
    • Select Event Types
    • Develop Program Schedule
structuring the tt e program2

Establishing The Base

Program Followup

Program Development

Program Evaluation & Critique

Program Management

Structuring the TT&E Program
  • Program development:
    • Identify Resources
    • Define Objectives, Key Events, Points of Review
    • Development Materials (COOP TT&E Plan, Training schedule)
    • Prepare Facilities & Logistics
    • Identify & Train Participants
structuring the tt e program3

Establishing The Base

Program Followup

Program Development

Program Evaluation & Critique

Program Management

Structuring the TT&E Program
  • Program management & implementation:
    • Conduct TT&E Events
    • Market TT&E Program
    • Coordinate with Staff and TT&E Planning Group
structuring the tt e program4

Establishing The Base

Program Followup

Program Development

Program Evaluation & Critique

Program Management

Structuring the TT&E Program
  • Program evaluation & critique:
    • Review and Analyze Participant Questionnaires & Critiques
    • Review Notes from Evaluator & Observers
    • Review After-Action/Evaluation Reports
structuring the tt e program5

Establishing The Base

Program Followup

Program Development

Program Evaluation & Critique

Program Management

Structuring the TT&E Program
  • Program followup:
    • Establish a Corrective Action Program (CAP)
    • Assign Tasks, Schedules & Responsibilities
    • Monitor Corrective Action Progress
    • Prepare Multi-Year Development Plans
structuring the tt e program6

Establishing The Base

Program Followup

Program Development

Program Evaluation & Critique

Program Management & Implementation

Structuring the TT&E Program
structuring the tt e program7
Structuring the TT&E Program
  • Exercise documents:
    • Exercise Plan
    • Control Plan
    • Evaluation Plan
    • Player Handbook
    • After-Action Report
structuring the tt e program8
Purpose

Objectives

Scope

Concept

Responsibilities

Scenario

Simulations

Structure

Data collection methods

Safety & security

Admin & logistics Information

Milestones/Schedule

Structuring the TT&E Program
  • The Exercise Plan is the principal roadmap for the
  • exercise. It contains:
structuring the tt e program9
Structuring the TT&E Program
  • The Control Plan:
    • Outlines responsibilities for exercise management.
    • Is required for functional and full-scale exercises.
structuring the tt e program10
Structuring the TT&E Program
  • The Evaluation Plan:
    • Provides a framework for evaluation and after-action reporting.
    • Explains the evaluation process and methodology.
    • Explains the evaluators’ responsibilities.
    • Contains the forms evaluators will use.
structuring the tt e program11
Structuring the TT&E Program
  • The Player Handbook:
    • Is the guide for all exercise participants.
    • Provides an overview of the concept, objectives, and schedule.
    • Explains player responsibilities before, during, and after the exercise.
    • Usually contains a scenario that leads to the start of the exercise.
structuring the tt e program12
Structuring the TT&E Program
  • The Hot Wash:
    • Involves all exercise participants.
    • Occurs immediately after the exercise.
    • Is a facilitated discussion.
    • Provides data for after-action reporting.
structuring the tt e program13
Structuring the TT&E Program
  • The After-Action Report:
    • Is developed based on information collected during and after the exercise.
    • Includes a summary of the exercise purpose, objectives, concept, and scenario.
    • Focuses on the accomplishment of the exercise objectives.
    • Describes strengths and shortcomings.
    • Identifies requirements for corrective action.
structuring the tt e program14
Structuring the TT&E Program
  • Evaluation Team Meetings
    • Compare notes.
    • Analyze findings.
    • Develop an accurate account of what worked and what didn’t.
    • Prepare the After-Action Report.
structuring the tt e program15
Structuring the TT&E Program
  • Implementing Change
    • Are the procedures sound?
    • Are resources sufficient?
    • Are personnel adequately trained?
summary and transition
Summary and Transition
  • This unit:
    • Introduced tests, training, and exercises
  • Next unit:
    • Developing a Corrective Action Plan (Unit 14)