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Chapter 4 Section 2. American Revolution. Revolution Begins:. Summer/Fall 1774: Colonists created provincial congresses and militias raided British depots. In Massachusetts, the “Minutemen” began to drill for battle (Ready to fight in minutes).

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chapter 4 section 2

Chapter 4 Section 2

American Revolution

revolution begins
Revolution Begins:
  • Summer/Fall 1774: Colonists created provincial congresses and militias raided British depots.
  • In Massachusetts, the “Minutemen” began to drill for battle (Ready to fight in minutes).
  • The rebellious actions of the colonists infuriates England.
  • This revolution will not only be a war fought between the colonies and England, but also a civil war amongst the colonies.
the two sides
The Two Sides:
  • Loyalist (Tories): American colonists who remained loyal to King George III and felt that British law should be upheld.
  • The group included government officials, prominent merchants, landowners (GA, SC, NC, and NY).
  • Patriots (Whigs): Americans who wanted change and viewed George as a tyrant.
  • Group included: Artisans, farmers, merchants, planters, lawyers (VA and NE).
  • About half of the American population remained neutral.
early fighting
Early Fighting:
  • April 18, 1775: British General Thomas Gage and 7oo troops tried to seize the minutemen’s military supplies at Concord MA.
  • They will pass through Lexington on their way.
  • Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Dr. Samuel Prescott will warn that “The British are Coming”.
  • April 19th: Gage’s men arrived in Lexington and were greeted by 70 Minutemen.
  • Shots were fired signifying the beginning of the American Revolution.
  • Concord: The British met up with 400 Minutemen and will eventually retreat to Boston.
second continental congress
Second Continental Congress:
  • June 1775: Colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia to make a plan for defense.
  • They adopted the Massachusetts minutemen who had the British surrounded in Boston (more British troops are on the way).
  • June 15th: George Washington was appointed the head of the new Continental Army.
  • Washington will leave Philadelphia and head for Boston.
battle of bunker hill
Battle of Bunker Hill:
  • June 17th 1775: General Gage sent 2200 red coats to attack the new Continental Army on the outskirts of Boston.
  • William Prescott: American Commander who urges his men to “Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes”.
  • Prescott’s forces only retreated after they ran out of ammunition.
  • Importance: It gave the Continental Army confidence, they could stand up to the world’s best army (British).