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Disorder of the Day. Category: Anxiety Disorders. Source: DSM-IV TR. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce anxiety , and by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing anxiety Combination of thoughts and behaviors

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Disorder of the day

Disorder of the Day

Category: Anxiety Disorders

Source: DSM-IV TR


Obsessive compulsive disorder ocd
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

  • Characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce anxiety, and by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing anxiety

  • Combination of thoughts and behaviors

  • Compulsions = tasks or “rituals”


Obsessions vs compulsions
Obsessions vs Compulsions

  • Obsessions are:

    • Recurrent and persistent thoughts

    • Impulses

    • Images that are intrusive and inappropriate

  • Compulsions are:

    • Repetitive behavior

    • Mental acts

    • Behaviors that prevent or reduce distress

    • Behaviors or acts are not connected in a realistic way with what they are supposed to neutralize


Symptoms
Symptoms

  • Repetitive hand washing

  • Extensive hoarding

  • Preoccupation with sexual or aggressive impulses

  • Aversion to odd numbers

  • Nervous habits (i.e. opening a door and closing it a certain number of times before entering a room)

  • Symptoms are often alienating, and often cause sever emotional and economic loss


Prevalence
Prevalence

  • OCD is the fourth-most common mental disorder

  • In the US 1 in 50 has OCD

  • Equal in both genders

  • Usually begins in late teens for males and early twenties for females

  • 3% of college graduates develop OCD while only 2% without a college degree


Causes of ocd
Causes of OCD

  • Both psychological and biological factors play a role

    • Abnormalities with the brains production of serotonin


Treatment
Treatment

  • Therapy and medication

  • “exposure and ritual prevention”

  • SSRIs

  • Some extreme cases rely on “psychosurgery”