Types of morphemes. Lec . 2. Morphology & Morphemes . Our morphological knowledge has two components: knowledge of the individual morphemes, and knowledge of the rules that combine them. Morphology = morph + ology (science of word forms) Words consist of meaningful units
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Morphology is concerned with the structure of words which is part of the implicit linguistic knowledge of all native speakers, whether or not they know anything about the history of the language they speak.
help, helpful, helpfulness, helpless, helplessness HELP
A morpheme which is the basic part of a word and which may, in many languages, occur on its own. (man, hold, book).
A root is the base form of a word which cannot be further analyzed without total loss of identity. It is that part of the word left when all the affixes are removed.
Knowingly – brainlessness – rediscover – insufferable– actions - breakage
Roots may be joined to other roots (house +hold = household(, and/ or take affixes
walk walks, walking, walked,
prefixes infixes suffixes
Man – book – tea – sweet – cook – bet – very – aardvark – pain – rose -understand
present (v) unbelievable
1. Nouns Adjective
2. Verbs Noun
3. Adjective adverb