What is a morpheme? • morpheme: a combination of sounds that have a meaning. A morpheme does not necessarily have to be a word. • Every morpheme is either a base or an affix.
Morphemes that act like bases. • Base is a morpheme that gives a word its meaning.
Morphemes that act like affixes. • a morpheme that comes at the beginning (prefix) or the ending (suffix) of a base morpheme.
Morphemes that act like affixes • Prefix is an affix that comes before a base morpheme. The in in the word inspect is a prefix. • Suffix is an affix that comes after a base morpheme. The s in cats is a suffix
Vocab Check up 1 • So let me get this straight. We’re all EMPEROR penguins? ALL OF US! That makes no sense.