WWII in Asia. Social Studies 10 Ms. Rebecca. WWII in Asia Learning targets. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d5/Archery_Target_80cm.svg/600px-Archery_Target_80cm.svg.png. Do Now:. What was Japan like after the Great Depression?. Reminder.
WWII in Asia Social Studies 10 Ms. Rebecca
WWII in Asia Learning targets http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d5/Archery_Target_80cm.svg/600px-Archery_Target_80cm.svg.png
Do Now: • What was Japan like after the Great Depression?
Reminder • Japan hit especially hard by the Great Depression
Japan hit especially hard by the Great Depression • Why? Island! Needed foreign trade to support business
How did Japan get “fixed”? • Change government: MILITARY! • Hideki Tojo • Expand Japan! Get land on “mainland”
Change in attitude • People very nationalistic • Japan is the BEST! • We deserve more land and power!
II. Japanese Expansion A. Korea (1905-10) B. Manchuria (1931) C. China (1937 -1940) • Conflict with USSR (1938) • Indochina (1940) • U.S warning… G. NEED OF OIL – Where? Hong Kong and Singapore
Pride in Japan! • Fighting Spirit http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2006/06/25/weekinreview/Onishi190.jpg
Why did Japan NEED a fighting spirit? • Small country • Wanted to show people they were serious. “bravery can make up for a lack of modern weaponry”
Japanese Fighting Spirit • In Japanese military instruction manuals the words: “surrender, retreat, and defense” were taken out!
How did Japanese fight in WWII? • No surrender! Fight to death! http://images.google.co.th/imgres?imgurl=http://www.newsgd.com/specials/60thanniversaryofwaragainstjapaneseaggression/oldphotos/200508240064_47927.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.newsgd.com/specials/60thanniversaryofwaragainstjapaneseaggression/oldphotos/200508240064.htm&usg=__u1y-lCQDkAfs6ThR_y8OjvcOqtM=&h=351&w=500&sz=65&hl=en&start=2&sig2=poU0oGrciM_-gpoYNaPL0w&um=1&tbnid=6ta_Ag6oc1QpKM:&tbnh=91&tbnw=130&ei=itw0SZCPGYSQswLzkuGqBw&prev=/images%3Fq%3DJapanese%2Bsoldier%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den
What were battles against Japan like? • Bloody! • Many deaths. Why do you think there were many deaths? http://z.about.com/d/asianhistory/1/0/Q/2/-/-/TreatingWoundedBurmaNtlArch1944.gif
Bataan Death March • In Philippines • 70,000 prisoners forced to march to prison camps. 21,000 Filipino’s died, 600 U.S.
Reflection: • How did the Japanese fight? • What was Japan like after the Great Depression?
Lesson 2: Why did Japan Attack the U.S.? • Do now: • Why did Japan want to take over territory in Southeast Asia?
Do Now: • What is a kamikazepilot? • What word was taken out of the training book for Japanese soldiers? • What did the U.S. tell Japan they needed to stop doing if they wanted to continue to trade with the U.S.?
Resources • S.E. Asia had many important resources like oil and rubber to supply the military.
How did the U.S. feel about the Japanese taking over land in S.E. Asia? • Upset! • The U.S. banned sale of oil to Japan to slow Japan’s military progress.
Japan’s response • Plan SECRET attack!
Pearl Harbor • U.S. Naval Base in Hawaii http://navysite.de/homeports/pearlharbor.gif
Pearl Harbor plane http://images.google.co.th/imgres?imgurl=http://imagecache2.allposters.com/images/pic/GYP/cs16~California-and-China-Clipper-Pearl-Harbor-Hawaii-1939-Posters.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.allposters.com/-sp/California-and-China-Clipper-Pearl-Harbor-Hawaii-1939-Posters_i382213_.htm&usg=__rR_Oi_UQ7nwxn1Ix6p9a1eBGLNQ=&h=291&w=400&sz=40&hl=en&start=7&sig2=EDkPSzhuzwQ7ldydAXOD_Q&tbnid=2KpYLmhde76SZM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=124&ei=0LM8SdOZGZbssgLBuIm9BA&prev=/images%3Fq%3DPearl%2BHarbor,%2BHawaii%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den
Japan Attacked! • December 7, 1941 • Sneak attack http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/81/71381-004-534732C4.jpg
Damage • 2,400 Americans died • 200+ aircrafts destroyed • 8 battle ships destroyed • Only 3 aircraft carriers survived
Effects of the attack • U.S. joins the War on the Allied side • Later: racism against Japanese who are LIVING IN U.S.A. http://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/s/T/wwiip76.jpg
Fears of racism against Japanese still exist today! • http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=81050&page=1
Height of Japanese Empire Reading http://www.injaelee.org/files/Japanese_empire_highschool_drawing.jpg
Lesson 3: U.S. Racism against Japanese IN U.S.A. • Do Now: • What is racism? How were the Nazis racist? Do you think there are other examples of people being racist during WWII?
After the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor….. http://members.cox.net/renegade_sith2/miscjunk/pearl-harbor-attack.jpg
How do you think Americans felt about Japanese people? http://orpheus.ucsd.edu/speccoll/dspolitic/pm/1942/20213cs.jpg
Americans worried about Japanese • Many Americans believed that Japanese people living in America may take the side of Japan.
Background • Many Japanese moved to the U.S. from around 1885-1924 • About 200,000 to Hawaii • 180,000 to mainland
Very successful • Built businesses, churches, social organizations
Other Americans didn’t like it • Felt like Japanese were taking over • Led to prejudice
Anti-Japanese Movement • Discriminatory laws • Japanese born in Japan coming to the U.S. CAN’T: • 1. Become U.S. Citizens • 2. Own land • 3. Marry white people • 4. Send their children to “white” schools
Immigration Act of 1924 • NO MORE Japanese immigration into the U.S.
Japanese Americans (people born IN the U.S.) • More AMERICAN than Japanese (spoke English, did well in school) • STILL discriminated against
After attack on Pearl Harbor • Over 5,500 Japanese men taken from their homes and sent to internment camps. • Most were imprisoned with NO EVIDENCE that they were a threat to U.S. Security
Mass Removal of U.S. Citizens • Feb 19, 1942: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signed orders for over 110,000 people to be taken from their homes and sent to prison camps based only on their race.
Mass Removal of U.S. Citizens • No hearings • Over 2/3 were U.S. citizens (born in the U.S.) • Over ½ were children
Do Now: • If ½ were children, do you think they were a threat to national security?? • Why were they sent to a camp if they weren’t a threat?
Fun family fact • In Hawaii (the place where the Japanese bombed in the first place) NO Japanese were sent from their homes
Camps • Over 60 camps in the U.S. • Different camps for people of different “threat”
Results • Send all Japanese people living in America to Internment Camps http://images.google.co.th/imgres?imgurl=http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/wwcod/image8-2.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/wwcod/granada.htm&usg=__pxMfflOM1nvJDGknkIjv478_oR8=&h=465&w=578&sz=225&hl=en&start=3&sig2=JtfobRGVym6cC525b0qGFw&tbnid=epTuvivONmSIgM:&tbnh=108&tbnw=134&ei=VLs8SZrFGIGEtALEp7XKBA&prev=/images%3Fq%3DJapenese%2BInternment%2BCamps%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den
Life in Japanese Internment Camps • Check out the following website: • http://www.densho.org/sitesofshame/index.html
Japanese Internment Interactive Exhibit • Go to the following website and follow along with the class as we fill in a worksheet to learn about the experiences of the Japanese living in America during WWII. • www.americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/index.html
Artwork made about Japanese Internment Camps: http://www.pbs.org/pov/pov2001/ofcivilwrongsandrights/inspiredby.html#selfportrait