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WWII In Europe. WWII Day 3 Notes. Three Areas of Conflict in Europe. Up through North Africa Moving up through Africa into Italy led by General George Patton and Dwight D. Eisenhower The Soviets in the East The Soviets attacking Germany and the Battle of Stalingrad

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wwii in europe

WWII In Europe

WWII Day 3 Notes

three areas of conflict in europe
Three Areas of Conflict in Europe
  • Up through North Africa
    • Moving up through Africa into Italy led by General George Patton and Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • The Soviets in the East
    • The Soviets attacking Germany and the Battle of Stalingrad
  • Invasion by land into France
    • Included convoy systems, D-Day, and the march across France into Germany
battles in north africa
Battles in North Africa
  • General George Patton faced off against brilliant German general Erwin Rommel.
  • Roosevelt decides to target Italy, which he calls the “soft underbelly” of Europe.
    • Patton leads a series of victories through Italy, such as at Cassio and Anzio, in some of the bloodies battles of the war.
    • Nearly 300,000 troops are lost by the Allies in Italy.
winning the atlantic ocean region
Winning the Atlantic Ocean Region
  • Began with the convoy system, in which cargo ships could be escorted by navy warships.
    • Necessary to fend off German submarines.
    • Navy ships are equipped with a new technology called radar to fight off submarines.
  • Allies make a strong effort to increase bombing in Germany.
    • From January 1943 to May 1945, 53,000tons of bombs were dropped on Germany each month.
    • So many factories destroyed in Germany that they cannot produce more planes.
  • Allies now control the air completely.
d day
  • Operation Overlord is planned by Roosevelt and Churchill.
    • Roosevelt chooses General Dwight Eisenhower to command the invasion.
  • D-Day invasion on the beaches of Normandy on June 6, 1944.
    • Strategy: 100,000 troops land on the beach while 23,000 paratroopers land on the sides of the beaches
  • After Normandy, the troops race across France and take control of Paris. They then set their sights on Germany.
the soviets in the east
The Soviets in the East
  • Soviets re-enter the war in 1942, and Hitler, confident that he will win goes on the offensive.
  • Hitler aimed to destroy their economy, so he started capturing industries and farmlands, including an attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad, a main industrial city.
    • Joseph Stalin forbid his troops to retreat, and eventually they outnumber the German troops.
    • 91,000 German troops are trapped and surrender. at Stalingrad.
    • The Soviets then start pushing towards Germany.
winning in europe
Winning in Europe…
  • The French begin to rally after D-Day.
  • Gathering momentum, they meet Hitler’s troops for one last battle, The Battle of the Bulgein Belgium.
    • The Germans stage one last offensive and have the Allies surrounded.
  • Eisenhower orders Patton to move troops up from Italy to come rescue them. The extra manpower forces Germany to surrender in January 1945.
v e day
V-E Day
  • The Soviets and the Allies in Belgium continue to push back Hitler’s troops into Germany.
  • Hitler, seeing defeat is inevitable, commits suicide in a Berlin bunker on April 30, 1945.
  • The troops meet in Berlin on May 7, 1945 and Germany surrenders.
  • The next day, May 8, 1945, is declared V-E “Victory in Europe” day.
the war in europe is over
The war in Europe is over….

…but there is one stubborn enemy still hanging around!