Welcome to the 20th Century An Introduction • Objectives • To be introduced to some of the main events of our new timescale • To see how these events have made an impact on our lives In the back of your books write down five events/people from the 20th Century
Main Events, People and Inventions of the 20th Century Sort your cards into three piles Events People and Inventions Sort the events into a chronological line across your desk Place people who are connected to the events above the event in your line Place inventions that are connected to the events below your line Copy the timeline of events into your books under the title Main events of the 20th Century Chose the invention you think has had the most impact on your life, write it down and explain why you have chosen it
The changing face of Warfare 1815 -2000 An overview • Objectives • To compare and contrast the tactics used in different wars • To investigate the changes in tactics used in different wars • To evaluate the changes found Our examples The Battle of Waterloo 1815 The Battle of the Somme 1916 The Invasion of France 1940 The dropping of the Atom Bomb 1945 Fighting in Vietnam 1967-70 The Changing Face of Warfare
The changing face of Warfare 1815 -2000 An Introduction • Objectives • To investigate fighting at Waterloo in 1815 • To evaluate the tactics used at Waterloo • To look forward – How has fighting changed? The Changing Face of Warfare
The Battle of Waterloo 1815 Think back over last lesson List the weapons that were used in this battle How effective do you think these weapons were? Give an example of a tactic used in this battle How effective do you think this tactic was? Looking at the handout answer Qu 1,2,3 Give five examples for Question 4
The Battle of Waterloo 1815 1) http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=HBxbVPERZuU 2) http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=7vlcuvrM1po&feature=related
Reflection In your books – Give three examples of how fighting in war is different now than at Waterloo
The Harvest of Battle What can you SEE HEAR SMELL?
Why did the attack on the Somme fail? • Objectives • To investigate possiblereasons for the failure of the attack • To prioritize the possible reasons for failure • To come to a judgement as to why the attack failed Aerial bombardment on the Somme German Machine gun crew The Changing Face of Warfare
Reflection In your books – Note two differences between the Battle of the Somme and Waterloo Note two similarities between the Battle of the Somme and Waterloo
Was General Haig responsible for the slaughter at the Somme? • Objectives • To investigate the evidence on Haig’s role in the battle • To weigh up both sides of the argument • To come to a clear judgement on the question Haig has a plan The Changing Face of Warfare
Blitzkrieg – A new way of fighting? • Objectives • To investigate the new tactics used by Germany in 1940 • To compare tactics with those used at the Battle of the Somme • To evaluate the effectiveness of ‘Blitzkrieg’ The Changing Face of Warfare
Reflection In your books – Complete the following The main change in warfare since the Battle of Waterloo so far is--------- because-----
What’s your plan? How would you invade France?
Was the evacuation of Dunkirk a German victory? • Objectives • To investigate the events surrounding the retreat to Dunkirk • To investigate the evidence for and against the key question • To come to a conclusion based on the evidence http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=s7JWumQ4swQ The Changing Face of Warfare
Does the evidence suggest this retreat was a victory for the Germans? In pairs complete the mystery to help you answer the main question. Next, pick two pieces of evidence for each side of the argument. • On the one hand it was a victory for the German army because ---------- • On the other hand it was a victory for the British because ----------------- • Overall I think that the evacuation of Dunkirk was ------------------because--------------------------
Would you drop the Atom Bomb? • Objectives • To Evaluate the arguments for and against dropping the Atom Bomb • To come to a Reasoned Judgement based on the arguments
Would you drop the Atom Bomb? Instructions 1) Look through all the evidence Sort out the Reasons/Causes for dropping the bomb Prioritize these, which do you think was the most important reason and why 2)Sort out the Consequences/Results of dropping the bomb Sort these into Long and Short term results of dropping the bomb Which do you think was the most important result of dropping the bomb? 3) So would you have dropped it?
Reflection In your books – Complete the following I would have / not have made the decision to drop the bomb because ---------------
Invaded!! If another country invaded us tomorrow – How would you feel? How would you resist?
Vietnam – How do you fight a stronger enemy? • Objectives • To investigate the guerilla tactics used by the Vietnamese • To evaluate the effectiveness of these tactics V The Changing Face of Warfare
Reflection In your books – Compare the tactics used by the Americans and the Vietnamese Give an advantage and disadvantage for each sides’ tactics
Vietnam – Would you give evidence? • Objectives • To investigate options available to the soldier • To come to a judgement based on the pros & cons of each option • To reflect on the skills used in the lesson The Changing Face of Warfare
Will you give evidence? You are a 19 year old draftee on your first tour of Vietnam. You have been out on ‘Search & Destroy’ patrols for two weeks when you enter a small village. The village has been a centre of Vietcong activity and the villagers are known to support the enemy. You feel increased tension as you walk round the village, the eyes look at you with fear and anger. You feel the same, a friend was killed by a bobby trap yesterday. A child runs from behind a shack and your Corporal opens fire, immediately others join in. It is twenty minutes before order is resorted. Twenty-six villagers are dead including women and children. Your troop with draws from the village. Two months later an enquiry is held into the massacre. You are called to give evidence against your fellow soldiers. Will you give evidence? What are your options?
Key Question- An option- Another option- A third option- Pros- Cons- Pros- Cons- Pros- Cons- Decision –
Reflection Now write a reflection on your decision Explain your decision and the main reasons behind it Which skills have you had to use, give specific examples of their use.
Modern Warfare Investigate modern day warfare 1)Iraqi Insurgence 2)Fighting the Taliban in Afghanistan 3) Another example you have found Find out What tactics and weapons are used by each side, prepare to report back to the class, maximum 3 sides
Changes in Warfare from 1815 – The Present Day • Objectives • To review the different changes in warfare • To come to a judgement on the extent of change in warfare over the period In Pairs – Put the following table in the back of our books and add more five examples for each side
Topic Review Review the work we have done on Warfare, on a new page fill in the table below
The Crimean War 1854 The Crimean War 1854
War: Zulu War Date: 22nd January 1879 Place: Tugela River in Natal Province, South Africa