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Bodies in Motion: Female Reproductive System. Basia Rodriguez Brandon Johnson Alaxandria Foreman Paige Bonner. Objectives. To accurately be able to identify the organs of the female reproductive system. To accurately be able to describe the functions of the ovaries and fallopian tubes.

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bodies in motion female reproductive system

Bodies in Motion: Female Reproductive System

Basia Rodriguez

Brandon Johnson

Alaxandria Foreman

Paige Bonner

objectives
Objectives
  • To accurately be able to identify the organs of the female reproductive system.
  • To accurately be able to describe the functions of the ovaries and fallopian tubes.
  • To be able to define myometrium, endometrium, and perimetrium.
functions of the female reproductive system
Functions of the female reproductive system
  • Produce the eggs (ova) for ovulation
  • Conception- unites the egg and sperm
  • Menstruation- release of unfertilized eggs
  • Produces sex hormones necessary to maintain the system
  • Provide a safe environment for the fetus 9 months
major organs of the female anatomy
Major Organs of the Female Anatomy

Ovaries

  • Primary Organs of a female
  • Produce eggs for fertilization by male sperm
  • Consists of immature eggs called oocyte

Uterine (Fallopian) Tubes

  • Receive the ovulated oocyte & make a spot for fertilization

Uterus (Womb)

  • Located in the pelvis, between bladder and rectum
  • Function: to receive, retain, and nourish fertilized eggs.
  • Composed of 3 layers
    • Endometrium-fertilized eggs burrow into this wall
    • Myometrium-plays active role during child birth
    • Perimetrium-outermost serous layer of uterus

Vagina

  • Called the birth Canal (provides passage for delivery of baby)
  • Interaction with other organs
    • Recieves the penis(and semen) during sexual intercourse

Fact: Distal end of vagina is partially closed by the hymen. Tends to bleed when ruptured during 1st sexual intercourse.

gonorrhea
Description:

Gonorrhea is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhea.

Can be spread by contact with the mouth, vagina, penis, or anus.

The bacteria grow in warm, moist areas of the body. In women, the bacteria may be found in the fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix. The bacteria can even grow in the eyes.

More than 700,000 people in the United States get gonorrhea every year

Gonorrhea is more common in large cities, and populations with lower overall levels of education and people with lower socioeconomic status.

Gonorrhea
gonorrhea cont
Gonorrhea Cont.
  • Treatment:
    • A single shot of ceftriaxone (Rocephin) 125 mg or a single dose of cefixime 400 mg taken by mouth are currently the recommended antibiotic treatment
    • Azithromycin (Zithromax) 2g in a single dose may be used for people who have severe allergic reactions to ceftriaxone, cefixime, or penicillin.
  • Mode Of Action:
    • Have multiple sexual partners
    • Do not use a condom during sex
    • Have a drug addiction
cervical cancer
Cervical Cancer
  • Description:
    • Located in cervix  
    • 3rd most common in women
    • Development is very slow
    • Begins at dysplasia
  • Mode of Action:
    • Having sex at an early age
    • Multiple sexual partners
    • Participation in high-risk sexual activities
    • Whose mothers took the drug DES (diethylstilbestrol)
cervical cancer cont
Cervical Cancer Cont.
  • Symptoms:
    • Pain during urination
    • Unusual heavy discharge
    • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
sex along came a sperm male female interaction
Sex: Along came a sperm: Male & Female Interaction
  • Sexual Intercourse
  • Gametes develop in fallopian tubes
  • Morula
  • Blastocyst
  • Implantation
pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes
  • Caused by not treated other STDS such as gonorrhea and chlamydia
  • Damages the tissues of uterus and ovaries
  • Can cause infertility and/or ectopic pregnancy
  • Symptoms are abdominal pain, fever, painful intercourse, vaginal odor, painful urination, or maybe even nothing!
caring for the female reproductive system
Caring For The Female Reproductive System
  • No Smoking!!!
  • No glove, no love!!!
  • GYNO checkup…
  • Get the treatment..please
  • Maintaining proper hygiene
smoking the female reproductive system
Smoking+ The Female Reproductive System
  • Damages your ovaries
  • Interferes w/ production of estrogen
  • Makes your eggs prone to genetic abnormalities
practice safe sex
Practice Safe Sex
  • Some diseases can render you infertile
  • Most diseases primarily have no symptoms
get regular gyno checkups
Get Regular GYNO Checkups
  • Your doctor will check the size and shape of your uterus and ovaries and screen you for diseases
proper hygiene
Proper Hygiene
  • Avoid vaginal infections…which can result in damage to your uterus if left untreated.
  • Precautions include changing tampons regularly, cleaning yourself properly after using the toilet, taking care of genital piercings and staying out of contaminated water.
ovarian cancer symptoms
Ovarian Cancer Symptoms
  • Bloating
  • Difficulty eating or feeling full quickly
  • Pelvic or abdominal pain
ovarian cancer symptoms common among non cancer women
Ovarian Cancer Symptoms: common among non-cancer women
  • Abnormal menstrual cycles
  • Sense of pelvic heaviness
  • Swollen abdomen or belly
  • Unexplained back pain that worsens over time
  • Digestive symptoms:
    • Constipation
    • Increased gas
    • Lack of appetite
    • Nausea and vomiting
treatment for ovarian cancer
Treatment for Ovarian Cancer
  • Surgery involves:
    • Removal of the uterus (hysterectomy)
    • Removal of both ovaries and fallopian tubes (bilateral salpigophorectomy)
    • Partial or complete removal of the omentum, fatty layer that covers and pads organs in the abdomen
    • Examination
    • Biopsy or removal of lymph nodes
random facts about ovarian cancer
Random Facts about Ovarian Cancer
  • 5th most common cancer among women
  • Cause is unknown…
  • The more children a woman has and the earlier in life she gives birth, the lower her risk for ovarian cancer.
  • Older women are at highest risk…
  • 2/3 of deaths from ovarian cancer occur in women ages 55+
  • About 25% of ovarian cancer deaths occur in women ages 35-54
complications of ovarian cancer
Complications of Ovarian Cancer
  • Spread of the cancer to other organs
  • Loss of organ function
  • Fluid in the abdomen
  • Blockage of the intestines
bibliography
Bibliography
  • Medline Plus (1997, March 27). Ghonnerea.Retrieved May 19,2010, fromhttps://health.google.com/health/ref/Gonorrhea
  • Medline Plus (2008, May 3) Ovarian Cancer. Retrieved May 20,2010, from https://health.google.com/health/ref/Ovarian+cancer
  • Des Moines University (2003, April 15) Female Reproductive System Diseases. Retrieved May 20,2010, from http://www.dmu.edu/medterms/reproductive_female/reproductive_female_diseases.cfm
  • MedicineNet (2008, January 23) Cervical Cancer(Cancer of the Cervix). Retrieved May 19,2010, from http://www.medicinenet.com/cervical_cancer/article.htm
  • Marieb(2006)Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology New York:Pearson