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  1. DOSH (Dept. of Safety & Health) Safety Program Development Training for Written Program Compliance

  2. AGENDA • Welcome, Introductions, find your seat • Housekeeping • Accident Prevention Plan (APP)(APP Manual Introduction) • Accident Prevention Plan (training PP) • Break • WRITTEN Accident Prevention Plan (APP) • Working Lunch (brought in) • Continue working on WRITTEN APP • Hazard Communication/Lock-out Tag-Out Trainings • Break • Ladder Safety Training • Q & A/Survey

  3. Overview • North Central Washington Workers’ Compensation Trust NCWWCT, administered by NCESD, provides industrial injury accident insurance coverage (Workers’ Compensation) and loss control services for its member districts. As a loss control service, we are providing training to assist our member districts in their compliance with DOSH regulations.

  4. Goals of this training • Inform school districts of the specifics of DOSH safety requirements as they apply to schools. • Provide sample written plans and assistance in making them school district specific.

  5. What Will Be Covered • Why have an accident prevention program • Legal requirements for accident prevention program • Elements of a written program • Where to get help

  6. What is an APP? • A plan of action to: • Involve workers and management in workplace safety and health • Identify and control safety hazards • Handle emergencies • Give new employees job safety orientation • Provide for personal protective equipment as needed

  7. Core Elements of an APP • Management Responsibilities • Employee Responsibilities • Safety Committee • Safety Bulletin Board • Reporting Hazards • Reporting Injury/Illness • Accident Investigation • Hazard Identification and Control • Employee Safety Orientation and Training

  8. Accident Prevention Program (APP) WAC 296-800 PURPOSE To assist you in developing and implementing a written Accident Prevention Program which is tailored to the needs and potential hazards associated at your school district.

  9. Safety Policy *Management safety statements are not required, but are recommended. *Management support is vital for success of the program, so supervisors and employees will take it seriously. A message from the Superintendent Sample statements: “We care about your safety…” “We will provide a safe workplace…” “Employees are expected to work safely and communicate safety issues…”

  10. Why have an Accident Prevention Program (APP)? ● It can help to prevent employee injuries on the job. ● It can create a system to help you find hazards before they cause accidents.

  11. APPManagement Responsibilities • Develop written Accident Prevention Plan and Safety and Health Policy • Support injury and illness prevention efforts • Conduct safety audits and correct deficiencies • Investigate all incidents • Provide effective training • Enforce safety rules and procedures • Maintain compliance with DOSH requirements • Encourage employee involvement

  12. Why have an Accident Prevention Program (APP)? WAC 296-800-140It’s required by DOSH Rules. Safety & Health Core RulesWAC 296-800-14005“Develop a formal, written accident prevention program.” DOSH

  13. A written APP must: WAC 296-800-14005 • Be tailored to the worksite • Cover all the regular and predictable hazards of the worksite • Must include the work of all employees • Include employee input to identify new hazards not in outline

  14. What is required for all employers? WAC 296-800-14020 You must develop, supervise and enforce a safety training program. – YOU are responsible to provide ALL necessary training whether DOSH/WISHA has specifically legislated it or not. For example…if someone hurts themselves with a chainsaw, they will be asked if he/she has been trained on how to use the tool safety. If not, DOSH will issue a citation. **If you feel training is not needed, DOSH will enforce the lack of a specific training requirement with WAC 296-800-11005 and 11010. (Summary Requirements Section, Page 1) WAC 296-800-14025 You must make sure your APP is effective in practice.

  15. When is an APP “effective in practice” ? When It Works!! ● Serious or frequent injuries are not occurring. ● Identified hazards are addressed. ● Safety goals are met. ● Safety rules are enforced.

  16. APP Management Responsibilities/WACs (continued) WAC 296-800-11005 You must “provide your employees a workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing, or are likely to cause, serious injury or death.” WAC 296-800-11010 Provide and use means to make your workplace safe WAC 296-800-11030 Prohibit employees from using tools and equipment that are not safe – all equipment or tools whether owned by the employer or not. WAC 296-800-11035 Establish, supervise, and enforce rules that lead to a safe and healthy work environment that are effective in practice.

  17. APPEmployee Responsibilities WAC 296-800-120 “To play an active role in creating a safe and healthy workplace and comply with all applicable safety and health rules.” • Follow safety rules • Cooperate with others and eliminate on-the-job injuries and illnesses • Take care of all PPE properly • Do not wear any torn or loose clothing while working around machinery • Report work-related injuries or illnesses • Do not remove, displace, damage or destroy, carry off or interfere with any safeguard, notice or warning provided to make the workplace safe. • Report unsafe conditions or work practices


  19. Hazard Communication Employer Responsibilities WAC 296-800-170 • Provide employees with effective information on hazardous chemicals in their work place • Whenever a new physical or health hazard is introduced, information must be provided • Inform employees about any operations in their work area where hazardous chemicals are present • Where MSDS are located/details of communication program; Explanation of labeling system and MSDS

  20. Hazard Communication Employer Responsibilities (continued) • Employee training must include: • Methods used to detect presence or release of a hazardous chemical in work area which may include: • Monitoring by Supervisor • Continuous monitoring devices • Visual appearance or odor when released • Physical and health hazards of the chemicals/physical symptoms/effects of overexposure • Steps employees can take to protect themselves, example PPE • Training tailored to types of hazards in which employees will be exposed.

  21. Respiratory Protection WAC 296-842 PurposeIn any workplace where respirators are necessary to protect the health of the employee, or if you REQUIRE use, you must develop and implement a written respiratory protection program and properly train employees

  22. Respiratory Protection Employer Responsibilities • Make sure employees who are REQUIRED to use respirators understand and can demonstrate proper respirator use and maintenance • This ALSO applies to VOLUNTARY users IF that use may create a hazard (skin irritation, dermatitis or other health effects or illness)

  23. Employer ResponsibilitiesNOTE: RESPIRATOR USE • Employer must pay for medical evaluations, training, travel related costs and wages. You do NOT need to pay for respirators employees use ONLY voluntarily. • EXEMPTION – if employees use only filtering-face piece respirators voluntarily, you do not need to develop and maintain a written program

  24. Respiratory Protection Required UseEmployer Responsibilities (continued) WAC 296-842-16005 Requires Employer to • Make sure employees can demonstrate knowledge or skills as required by their duties. • Make sure a qualified instructor performs training, at no cost to employee, at these times: • Initially, before work begins • Periodically, within 12 months of previous training • Additionally, when the employee hasn’t retained knowledge or there are changes in the worksite, or type of respirator make previous training incomplete. • Train employees in an effective and understanding way, based on duties, if they: • Use respirators • Supervise respirator use • Issue, repair or adjust respirators

  25. Respiratory Protection Required Use Employer Responsibilities (continued) • Train employees why the respirator is necessary, extent of employee’s exposure, and potential health effects and symptoms. • Train the employees the respirator’s capabilities and limitations (how the respirator provides protection) • Train employees how improper fit, use or maintenance can compromise the respirator’s effectiveness and reliability. • Train employee how to properly inspect, put on, seal check, use and remove the respirator • Train on how to clean, disinfect, repair, store the respirator or have this done by someone else • Train on using respirator effectively; including what to do in emergencies or when respirator fails. • Make sure employees are aware of medical signs and symptoms that may limit or prevent effective use of respirators/short of breath/dizzy

  26. Respiratory Protection Required UseEmployer Responsibilities (continued) WAC 296-842-11010 • Keep voluntary use program records • if employee only uses filtering-face piece respirator voluntarily, you do not need to follow these requirements on recordkeeping: • Keep copies of current written program and written recommendations for LHCP (licensed health care provider) • Allow records to be examined and copied by affected employees

  27. Respiratory Protection Voluntary UseEmployer Responsibilities WAC 296-842-11005 • Voluntary use is respirator use that is requested by the employee andpermitted by the employer when NO respiratory hazard exists • Make sure use does not interfere with an ability to work safely, such as restricting vision or radio communication OR • Create health hazards (ex: skin irritation, dermatitis, illness created by sharing respirators) or health effects caused by unsafe air supply

  28. Respiratory Protection Voluntary UseEmployer Responsibilities (continued) WAC 296-842-11005 • Provide all voluntary respirator users with the advisory information on Table 2 at NO cost to them. • Develop and maintain a written program that includes: • Medical evaluation as specified in WAC 296-842-140. • Procedures to properly clean and disinfect WAC 296-842-22015 and make sure safe air supply WAC 296-842-200 • How to store devices WAC 296-842-17010 • Training to ensure there is no hazard created by use WAC 296-842-160

  29. Bloodborne Pathogens WAC 296-823 PurposeTo provide information and training to employees with occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM)

  30. Bloodborne PathogensEmployer Responsibilities WAC 296-823-12005 • Provide training to employees before assigning tasks where exposure may occur and annually/within one year of previous training • Make sure trainer is knowledgeable and training is understandable for audience • Make sure all affected employees participate in a program at no cost, conducted during work hours

  31. Bloodborne PathogensEmployer Responsibilities (continued) • Make sure the training contains at least the following: • Accessible copy of explanation of contents • General explanation of symptoms • An explanation of how BBP are transmitted • An explanation of your exposure control plan and how employee can obtain a copy of written plan • How to recognize tasks and other activities that could involve exposure to blood and OPIM. • Appropriate work practices and PPE • Types of PPE/selection/location/handling/disposal • Information about Hep B vaccine, including effectiveness, safety, benefits,no cost

  32. Bloodborne PathogensEmployer Responsibilities (continued) WAC 296-823-12010 • Explain what actions to take and who to contact if exposure occurs • Explain medical evaluation and follow-up available • Explain post-exposure evaluation and follow up procedure • Explain explanation of signs and labeling or color-coded required – hazardous labels, red containers, etc. • Opportunity for questions and answers with trainer at time of training. • Provide additional training when adding or changing an employee’s tasks or procedures that may affect their occupational exposure to BBP – WAC 296-823-12010.

  33. Bloodborne PathogensEmployer Responsibilities WAC 296-823-12015 Maintain training records • records maintained for 3 yrs • Dates of training/Contents/Name and qualifications of trainer/Names and job titles of all participants • Provide these records upon request to employees and their representatives.

  34. Occupational Noise Exposure WAC 296-817 Purpose To prevent employee hearing loss by minimizing employee noise exposures and to make sure employees that are exposed to noise are protected

  35. Occupational Noise Exposure Employer Responsibilities WAC 296-817-20020 Make sure employees receive training about noise and hearing protection. • Train all employees whose noise exposure equals or exceeds 85 dba • Provide training upon hire if exposure is relative • Keep information updated, being consistent with changes in controls, hearing protectors, work processes Make sure your noise and hearing protection training includes: • noise controls used in workplace • purpose of hearing protectors • effects of noise on hearing • advantages and disadvantages of various types of protectors • employee’s right to access records • maintain a written program

  36. Confined Spaces WAC 296-809 PurposePractices and procedures to protect employees from the hazards of entry and/or work in permit-required confined spaces

  37. Confined Spaces Permit Required Confined Space has one or more of these characteristics: • Contains or has a potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere • Contains a material that has the potential for engulfing an entrant • Has an internal configuration such that an entrant could be trapped or asphyxiated by inwardly converging walls or by a floor which slopes downward and tapers to a smaller cross-section • Contains any physical hazard. This includes any recognized health or safety hazards including engulfment in solid or liquid material, electrical shock, thermal hazards, chemical contact hazards or moving pars. • Contains any other recognized serious safety or health hazard that could either impair the ability to self-rescue or result in a situation that presents an immediate danger to life or health.

  38. Confined SpacesEmployer Responsibilities WAC 296-809-40002 • Provide employee training to those involved in permit-required confined space activities, so they acquire the understanding, knowledge and skills necessary to safely perform assigned duties. • Establish employee proficiency in duties by observing employee performance during training exercises or a written exam • Introduce new or revised procedures as necessary

  39. Confined SpacesEmployer Responsibilities (continued) • Provide training: • Before employee is first assigned to duties • Before there is a change in duties • When there is a permit-required confined space hazard for which employee hasn’t already been trained • If you have reason to believe there are deviations from your procedures OR employee knowledge/use is inadequate.

  40. Confined SpacesEmployer Responsibilities (continued) WAC 296-8019-40004 Certify employee proficiency You MUST: • certify proficiency in their assigned duties • make sure certification contains name, trainer’s signature or initials/dates of training, is available for inspection by employees and reps

  41. Confined SpacesEmployer Responsibilities (continued) WAC 296-809-700 To make sure any space you classify as non-permit, doesn’t have the potential to contain serious health or safety hazards - You MUST: • Make sure the confined space meets these conditions to be classified as a non-permit confined space: • The confined space doesn’t contain an actual or potential hazardous atmosphere. • The confined space doesn’t contain hazards capable of causing death or serious physical harm. This includes any recognized health or safety hazards including engulfment in solid or liquid material, electrical shock, or moving parts. • If you must enter or remove hazards, the space must be treated as a permit-required confined space until hazards have been eliminated.

  42. Confined SpacesEmployer Responsibilities (continued) WAC 296-809-70002 You must • Document how you determined the confined space contained no permit-required confined space hazards. Certify this documentation with the following: • Date • Location of the space • Signature of the person making the determination • Make the certification available to each entrant, or their authorized representative. • Note: This certification must be completed every time a permit-required confined space is reclassified as a non-permit space.

  43. Hazardous Chemicals in Labs (Chemical Hygiene)Employer Responsibilities WAC 296-62 Employer shall provide employees with info and training to ensure they are apprised of the hazards of chemicals present.

  44. Hazardous Chemicals in Labs (Chemical Hygiene)Employer Responsibilities (continued) WAC 296-62-40011 • That info shall be provided at time of initial assignment and prior to assignments involving new exposure. • Location and availability of chem hygiene plan • Permissable exposure limits where there is no standard • Signs and symptoms associated with exposure • Location and availability of known reference material on hazards/handling/storage/disposal, not limited to MSDS sheets

  45. Hazardous Chemicals in Labs (Chemical Hygiene)Employer Responsibilities (continued) WAC 296-62-40011 • Training shall include: • Methods and observations that may be used to detect presence or release of a haz chem such as monitoring, visual appearance, odor being released) • Physical and health hazards of chemicals in the work area • Measures employees can take to protect themselves from these hazards (ex: PPE) or other measures employer has set in place – work practices or procedures • Applicable details of the employer’s written chemical hygiene plan.

  46. First Aid Employer and Employee Responsibilities WAC 296-800Purpose to ensure quick and effective first aid for all employees in case an injury or acute illness occurs on the job. • First aid trained staff • Location of first aid supplies • Kits checked regularly • Emergency washing facilities

  47. PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)Employer Responsibilities • WAC 296-800-16025 • Train your employees to use PPE. • When necessary • What PPE is necessary • How to wear/take off/adjust • Limitations of PPE • Proper care/maintenance/disposal • Document each employee using PPE, that they have received and understand the required training. Include their name, date of training, and subject of training. Can your employee demonstrate how to use and understand the training you gave? IF NECESSARY:RETRAIN WAC 296-800-16030 DOCUMENT TRAINING WAC 296-800-16035

  48. Lockout/Tagout WAC 296-803 Purpose to cover the servicing and maintenance of machines and equipment in which the unexpected energization or start up of the machine or equipment or release of stored energy could cause injury to employees

  49. Lockout/TagoutEmployer Responsibilities WAC 296-803-60005 Provide training on energy control and prohibition against attempting to restart or reenergize a machine or equipment that is locked out or tagged out. Document training- name/date

  50. Lockout/TagoutEmployer Responsibilities (continued) WAC 296-803-60010 • Provide additional training if you use TAGOUT devices: Make sure employees are trained that: • tags are warning devices and do not provide same level of physical restraint as a lock. • Tags are not to be removed, bypassed, ignored, etc without the approval of the authorized person responsible for it • Tags are to be legible • Tags are put on and secure IF NECESSARY: RETRAIN (new employees, revised methods, etc) WAC 296-803-60015