TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS

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  1. UNIT 13 TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS

  2. UNIT OVERVIEW • The Psychological Therapies • Evaluating Psychotherapies • The Biomedical Therapies • Preventing Psychological Disorders

  3. INTRODUCTION • History of treatment • Philippe Pinel • Dorothea Dix • Psychotherapy • Eclectic approach

  4. THE PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES

  5. PSYCHOANALYSIS • Psychoanalysis • Aims of therapy • Childhood impulses and conflicts

  6. PSYCHOANALYSIS: METHODS • Methods • Free association • Resistance • Interpretation of the meaning • Dream analysis • Transference

  7. PSYCHOANALYSIS: PSYCHODYNAMIC THERAPY • Psychodynamic therapy • Aims of psychodynamic therapy • Similarities with psychoanalysis • Differences with psychoanalysis • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV6DpJKW6a0

  8. HUMANISTIC THERAPIES • Insight therapies focus more on: • the present rather than the past • conscious rather than the unconscious • taking immediate responsibility • promoting growth instead of curing

  9. HUMANISTIC THERAPIES • Client-centered therapy • Nondirective therapy • Genuineness, acceptance, and empathy • Active listening • Paraphrase • Invite clarification • Reflect feelings • Unconditional positive regard

  10. BEHAVIOR THERAPIES • Behavior Therapy • Classical conditioning techniques • Operant conditioning techniques

  11. BEHAVIOR THERAPIES: CLASSICAL CONDITIONING THERAPIES • Counterconditioning • Exposure therapies • Systematic desensitization https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3z_yZ1G1Og • Virtual reality exposure therapy • Aversive conditioning

  12. BEHAVIOR THERAPIES:AVERSION THERAPY

  13. BEHAVIOR THERAPIES:AVERSION THERAPY

  14. BEHAVIOR THERAPIES:AVERSION THERAPY

  15. BEHAVIOR THERAPIES:OPERANT CONDITIONING • Behavior modification • Token economy

  16. COGNITIVE THERAPIES • Cognitive therapy • Beck’s therapy for depression • Catastrophizing beliefs • Cognitive-behavioral therapy

  17. COGNITIVE THERAPIES

  18. COGNITIVE THERAPIES

  19. COGNITIVE THERAPIES

  20. COGNITIVE THERAPIES

  21. COGNITIVE THERAPIES

  22. COGNITIVE THERAPIES

  23. GROUP AND FAMILY THERAPIES • Group therapy • Family therapy

  24. COMPARISION OF PSYCHOTHERAPIES

  25. COMPARISION OF PSYCHOTHERAPIES

  26. COMPARISION OF PSYCHOTHERAPIES

  27. COMPARISION OF PSYCHOTHERAPIES

  28. COMPARISION OF PSYCHOTHERAPIES

  29. COMPARISION OF PSYCHOTHERAPIES

  30. EVALUATING PSYCHOTHERAPIES

  31. IS PSYCHOTHERAPY EFFECTIVE? • Regression toward the mean • Client’s perceptions • Clinician’s perceptions • Outcome research • Meta-analysis • Placebo treatments

  32. THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF DIFFERENT THERAPIES • Evidence-based practice

  33. EVALUATING ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) • Light exposure therapy • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

  34. COMMONALITIES AMONG PSYCHOTHERAPIES • Hope for demoralized people • A new perspective • An empathic, trusting, caring relationship

  35. CULTURES AND VALUES IN PSYCHOTHERAPY • Similarities between cultures • Differences between cultures

  36. TYPES OF THERAPISTS

  37. TYPES OF THERAPISTS

  38. TYPES OF THERAPISTS

  39. TYPES OF THERAPISTS

  40. TYPES OF THERAPISTS

  41. THE BIOMEDICAL THERAPIES

  42. INTRODUCTION • Biomedical therapy • Drugs • Electroconvulsive therapy • Magnetic impulses • Psychosurgery • Psychiatrist

  43. DRUG THERAPIES • Psychopharmacology • Factors to consider with drug therapy • Normal recovery rate of untreated patients • Placebo effect • Double blind procedure

  44. DRUG THERAPIES

  45. DRUG THERAPIES

  46. DRUG THERAPIES

  47. DRUG THERAPIES

  48. DRUG THERAPIES: ANTIPSYCHOTIC DRUGS • Antipsychotic drugs • Psychoses • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine) • Dopamine • Tardivedyskinesia • Atypical antipsychotics (Clozaril) • Positive and negative symptoms

  49. DRUG THERAPIES: ANTIANXIETY DRUGS • Antianxiety drugs • Xanax, Ativan, D-cycloserine • Physiological dependence

  50. DRUG THERAPIES: ANTIDEPRESSANT DRUGS • Antidepressant drugs • Use with mood and anxiety disorders • Fluoxetine (Prozac), Paxil • Selective-serotonin-reuptake inhibitors • Neurogenesis • Side effects of antidepressants