Unit 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

unit 13 treatment of psychological disorders n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Unit 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Unit 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders

play fullscreen
1 / 46
Unit 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
222 Views
Download Presentation
sherry
Download Presentation

Unit 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Unit 13:Treatment of Psychological Disorders

  2. Unit Overview • The Psychological Therapies • Evaluating Psychotherapies • The Biomedical Therapies • Preventing Psychological Disorders

  3. Introduction • History of treatment • Philippe Pinel • Dorothea Dix • Psychotherapy • Biomedical therapy • Eclectic approach

  4. The Psychological Therapies“How does this make you feel?”

  5. Psychoanalysis • Aims of therapy • Childhood impulses and conflicts • Insight – origins • Psychosexual stages

  6. PsychoanalysisMethods • Methods • Free association • Resistance • Interpretation of the meaning • Dream analysis • Latent content • Transference

  7. PsychoanalysisPsychodynamic Therapy • Psychodynamic therapy • Aims of psychodynamic therapy • Similarities with psychoanalysis • Differences with psychoanalysis • Briefer & less expensive • Current symptoms over origin

  8. Humanistic Therapies • Insight therapies focus more on: • the present rather than the past • conscious rather than the unconscious • taking immediate responsibility • promoting growth instead of curing • “Clients” vs. “patients”

  9. Humanistic Therapies • Client-centered therapy • Nondirective therapy • Genuineness, acceptance, and empathy • Accept and understand • Carl Rogers: “For myself, though I am very well aware of the incredible amount of destructive, cruel, malevolent behavior in today’s world—from the threats of war to the senseless violence in the streets—I do not find that this evil is inherent in human nature.” • Active listening • Paraphrase • Invite clarification • Reflect feelings • Unconditional positive regard • Too much of a good thing?

  10. Behavior Therapies • Behavior Therapy – problem behaviors are the problems • Classical conditioning techniques (Pavlov) • Operant conditioning techniques (Skinner)

  11. Behavior TherapiesClassical Conditioning Therapies • Counterconditioning • Exposure therapies • Systematic desensitization • Virtual reality exposure therapy • Aversive conditioning - reverse

  12. Behavior TherapiesAversion Therapy

  13. Behavior TherapiesAversion Therapy

  14. Behavior TherapiesAversion Therapy

  15. Behavior TherapiesOperant Conditioning • Behavior modification • Does it last? Is it ethical? • Token economy – institution • Participated in one?

  16. Cognitive TherapiesIt’s the Thought That Counts • Cognitive therapy • Beck’s therapy for depression • Reverse catastrophizing beliefs • Cognitive- behavioral therapy

  17. Cognitive Therapies

  18. Group and Family Therapies • Group therapy • AA • Family therapy – family is a system • Preventative • Find your role • More people; cheaper

  19. Comparison of Psychotherapies

  20. Evaluating Psychotherapies

  21. Is Psychotherapy Effective? • Regression toward the mean • Client’s perceptions • Clinician’s perceptions • Outcome research: • Meta-analysis • Treated more likely to improve

  22. The Relative Effectiveness of Different Therapies • Evidence-based practice • No individual therapy superior

  23. Evaluating Alternative Therapies • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) - PTSD • Light exposure therapy • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

  24. Types of Therapists

  25. Biomedical Therapies

  26. Introduction • Biomedical therapy- act on nervous system • Drugs • Electroconvulsive therapy • Magnetic impulses • Psychosurgery

  27. Drug Therapies • Psychopharmacology – effects of drugs on mind/behavior • Factors to consider with drug therapy: • Normal recovery rate of untreated patients • Placebo effect • Double blind procedure

  28. Drug Therapies

  29. Drug Therapies

  30. Drug Therapies

  31. Drug Therapies

  32. Drug TherapiesAntipsychotic Drugs • Antipsychotic drugs • Psychosis – reality • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine) • dopamine • Atypical antipsychotics (Clozaril) • Positive and negative symptoms • Dopamine and serotonin receptors

  33. Drug TherapiesAntianxiety Drugs • Antianxiety drugs - CNS activity • Xanax, Valium • Physiological dependence

  34. Drug TherapiesAntidepressant Drugs • Antidepressant drugs • Use with mood and anxiety disorders • Fluoxetine (Prozac), Paxil • Selective-serotonin-reuptake inhibitors • SSRIs • Neurogenesis

  35. Drug TherapiesAntidepressant Drugs

  36. Drug TherapiesMood-Stabilizing Medications • Mood-stabilizing medications • Bipolar disorder • Lithium

  37. Brain StimulationElectroconvulsive Therapy • Electroconvulsive therapy • Procedure • Anesthetic • Muscle relaxant • Severe depression • Problems/side effects • Memory loss

  38. Brain StimulationElectroconvulsive Therapy

  39. Brain StimulationAlternative Neurostimulation Therapies • Depression • Magnetic Stimulation • Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulations (rTMS) • Surface • No seizures or memory loss • Deep-Brain Stimulation • Targeted brain area

  40. Brain StimulationAlternative Neurostimulation Therapies

  41. Psychosurgery • Psychosurgery – removal or destruction of brain tissue • Lobotomy • History • Procedure: • Disconnect emotion from thought • Side effects • Use today

  42. Therapeutic Life-Style Change • Integrated biopsychosocial system • Therapeutic life-style change • Aerobic exercise • Adequate sleep • Light exposure • Social connection • Anti-rumination • Nutritional supplements

  43. Preventing Psychological Disorders

  44. Preventing Psychological Disorders • Resilience – personal strength • Preventing psychological disorders • Focus on mental health over mental illness

  45. Review & Extra Fun • Myers Review Link • Biblical counseling resource - CCEF • Group Therapy – Alcoholics Anonymous • Bob Newhart “STOP IT!” skit • Therapy humor • Quackwatch • Virtual therapy?

  46. The End!