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Living Things and Their Needs. Living Things and Their Needs. environment. biome. climate. soil. humus. structure. shelter. adaptation. environment. biome. environment (en v ī´rən mənt) All the living and nonliving things that surround a living thing. climate. soil. humus.

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Living Things

and Their Needs

Living Things and Their Needs

environment

biome

climate

soil

humus

structure

shelter

adaptation


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environment

biome

environment (en vī´rən mənt)All the living and nonliving things that surround a living thing.

climate

soil

humus

biome (bī´ōm)An area of land or water that has certain kinds of living and nonliving things.

soil (soil)A mixture of tiny rock particles, minerals, and decayed plant and animal matter.

climate (clī´mit)The average weather patterns of a region.

humus (hū´məs)Leftover decomposed plant or animal material in soil.

Where do living things live?

Where do living things live?


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Biomes

This camel lives in a desert. Deserts are biomes that have dry climates and sandy soil. Deserts can be hot or cold.


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structure

structure (strək´chər) A thing that is developed or built for a particular use.

How do plants get what they need?

stems

leaves

roots


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shelter

shelter (shel´tər) A place or object that protects an animal and keeps it safe.

How do animals get what they need?

gills


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adaptation

adaptation (a´dap´tā´shən) A special trait that helps a living thing survive in its environment.

What helps living things survive in their environments?


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Review

Main Idea

What are adaptations and how do they help living things survive?

An adaptation is a special feature or behavior that helps a living thing survive. This bear’s claws are an adaptation that help it catch fish.


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Review

Main Idea

How do living things get what they need from their environments?

Living things have structures that help them get what they need from their environments.


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Review

Draw Conclusions

Could a redwood tree survive in the desert?

Text Clues

Conclusions

Redwoods grow along the California coast.

Redwoods are normally found along the coast.

Here the cool, damp climate and rich soil are just right for them to grow.

The desert’s warm, dry climate and sandy soil will not allow the redwood tree to survive in the desert.


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Review

Vocabulary

Match each word with its definition.

environment

humus

climate

biome

A)

the average weather patterns of a region

B)

broken-down plant and animal material

C)

an area of land or water that has certain kinds of living and nonliving things

D)

everything that surrounds a living thing


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Review

Vocabulary

Match each word with its definition.

adaptation

structure

soil

shelter

A)

a place or object that protects an animal and keeps it safe

B)

a thing that is developed or built for a particular use

C)

a mixture of tiny rock particles, minerals, and decayed plant and animal matter

D)

a special trait that helps a living thing survive in its environment


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Review

Read a Diagram

How do leaves help plants get what they need?