Freytag's Pyramid • Plot • The sequence of events in a literary work • Freytag’s Pyramid • a diagram of the structure of a five-act tragedy, given by Gustav Freytag • widely accepted (and sometimes adapted) as a means of analyzing the structure of many kinds of fiction.
Stage 1 • Exposition • the introductory material, which sets the tone for the story. Establishes the setting, introduces the characters, and provides necessary context for understanding.
Stage 2 • Inciting Moment • The central conflict is introduced; leads to the rising action in a work of fiction.
Stage 3 • Rising Action • the part of story where the conflict intensifies. After the inciting moment, the story gains momentum.
Stage 4 • Climax • the turning point in the action and the highest point of suspense; also when the rising action reverses and becomes the falling action.
Stage 5 • Falling Action • the second half of the plot. It follows the climax and often exhibits the winding down of the climax.
Stage 6 • Resolution • The solution of the conflict; the resolving of any misunderstandings in the plot, such as the exposure of a villain, clearing up a mistaken identity, reuniting characters, etc. • The resolution is not always a happy ending. Sometimes called “denouement”, or the “untying of the knot.”