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Plot Structure. Ms. King Academic English 10. What is the PLOT?. A story’s framework An arrangement of related events that makes the story hang together ALL stories need a plot in order to make sense and to flow. Plot Structure. Exposition Rising Action (Complications)

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plot structure

Plot Structure

Ms. King

Academic English 10

what is the plot
What is the PLOT?
  • A story’s framework
  • An arrangement of related events that makes the story hang together
  • ALL stories need a plot in order to make sense and to flow
plot structure1
Plot Structure
  • Exposition
  • Rising Action (Complications)
  • Climax (Turning Point)
  • Falling Action
  • Resolution
  • Denouement
  • The first stage of a fictional or dramatic plot in which necessary background information is provided
  • Sometimes called “basic situation”
  • Ex. Nancy is worried about rumors of a thief in her English class. She wonders if it could be the girl at the next desk, who has dirty fingernails and pops her gum.
  • The time, place, and circumstances of a literary work that establish its context.
  • Can be established during the exposition
  • The atmosphere created by the author’s words
  • Emotions that the READER feels when reading/listening to a story
  • Words that describe mood:
    • Angry
    • Sad
    • Lonely
    • Nervous
    • Excited
  • Author’s attitude towards the writing
  • Conveyed by vocabulary used and setting outlined
  • Words that describe tone:
    • Humorous
    • Optimistic
    • Pessimistic
    • Serious
rising action complications
Rising Action (Complications)
  • A set of conflicts and crises that constitute the part of a play or story’s plot leading up to the climax
  • Ex. The teacher warns the class that two thefts have been reported this morning and that students should not leave money in their lockers. Nancy ignores this advice, and when she goes to her locker after math class, she finds that her blue purse and her lunch money have disappeared.
  • The turning point of the action in the plot of a play or story.
  • Represents the point of greatest tension and excitement in the story
  • Brings about a change in the character, the situation, or both
  • Ex. Nancy opens her neighbor’s locker, sees a blue purse, pockets it quickly—and looks up into the teacher’s eyes. Nancy explains that the purse is hers, but as she displays it, she sees that it bears her neighbor’s initials. Nancy is led off weeping to the principal’s office.
falling action
Falling Action
  • Action following the climax of the work that moves plot towards its denouement or resolution
  • Ex. The teacher escorts Nancy to the principal’s office; a punishment is sure to follow.
resolution denouement
  • Denouement – French word for “untying the knot”
  • All of the problems are resolved, either happily or unhappily, and the story concludes
  • Ex. Nancy persuades the principal that she was not stealing, and she apologizes to her neighbor for harboring suspicions of her.
frame story
Frame Story
  • A story that contains another story or stories
  • May have multiple narrators
  • Ex.” The Fatalist” by Isaac Bashevis Singer