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The 1920’s Culture. JAZZ. Who were the first Jazz Musicians? African Americans Where was Jazz born? New Orleans When did Jazz appear nationwide? The early 1920s Why did Jazz spread past New Orleans?

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  • Who were the first Jazz Musicians?
    • African Americans
  • Where was Jazz born?
    • New Orleans
  • When did Jazz appear nationwide?
    • The early 1920s
  • Why did Jazz spread past New Orleans?
    • Violence and racism resurfaced in New Orleans and Jazz musicians fled to cities like Chicago, New York, and Kansas City

"The true spirit of jazz is a joyous revolt from convention, custom, authority, boredom, even sorrow--from everything that would confine the soul of man and hinder its riding free on the air."~ J.A. Rogers, "Jazz at Home," The Survey Graphic, 1925

1920s jazz musicians
1920s Jazz Musicians

Bix Beiderbecke

Duke Ellington


1920s Jazz Musicians

Jelly Roll Morton

Earl Hines

1920s jazz musicians6
1920s Jazz Musicians

Kid Ory

Louis Armstrong

1920s jazz musicians7
1920s Jazz Musicians

Paul Whiteman

Joe “King” Oliver

the charleston
The Charleston
  • The Social dance - popular in the mid-1920s.
  • Thought to have come from Cape Verdes Isles in Africa
1920s fashion the men
1920s Fashion – The Men
  • Stemmed from sports or gangsters
  • Wanted to appear “dapper.”
  • Baggy pants, polished shoes, and a handkerchief in the pocket
  • The baggy zoot suit worn for fancy occasions
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald said "lovely, expensive, and about nineteen.“
  • Rebelling from societal norms
  • Short Sleek hair, short shapeless dresses, lots of makeup
  • Frequenters of nightclubs

The Playful flapper here we see,The fairest of the fair.She's not what Grandma used to be, --You might say, au contraire.Her girlish ways may make a stir,Her manners cause a scene,But there is no more harm in herThan in a submarine.

She nightly knocks for many a goalThe usual dancing men.Her speed is great, but her controlIs something else again.All spotlights focus on her pranks.All tongues her prowess herald.For which she well may render thanksTo God and Scott Fitzgerald.

Her golden rule is plain enough -Just get them young and treat themrough.

  • 18th Amendment outlawed the transporting, selling, manufacturing of Alcohol.
  • Widely ignored
  • Lead to Organize Crime
the 1920s night club speakeasies
The 1920s Night Club “Speakeasies”
  • Offered an intense experience
  • Entertainment tended toward adult fare
  • “Alcohol" was central to the experience.
  • The Night Clubs also had their dark side.
two cultural movements
Two Cultural Movements
  • The Harlem Renaissance

- Rebirth of African-American culture

- Literature, art, music, dance

- Took place primarily in Harlem

  • Factors in the development of the Harlem Renaissance were:
    • African-American urban migration
    • Trends toward experimentation throughout the country
    • The rise of radical African-American intellectuals.
  • Never before had so many Americans embraced the African-American culture.
the harlem renaissance19
The Harlem Renaissance


Hold fast to dreams

For if dreams die

Life is a broken-winged bird

That cannot fly.

Hold fast to dreams

For when dreams go

Life is a barren field

Frozen with snow.

by Langston Hughes

two cultural movements20
Two Cultural Movements
  • The Lost Generation
    • Rejection of American Materialism
    • Looking for the Meaning of Life, after quick change from war.
    • Intellectuals, poets, artists and writers
the lost generation
The Lost Generation

"The Hollow Men"

We are the hollow men We are the stuffed men Leaning together Headpiece filled with straw Our dried voices, when We whisper together Are quiet and meaningless As wind in dry grass Or rat's feet over broken glass In our dry cellar

by T.S. Eliot

motion pictures
Motion Pictures
  • New Pastime: THE MOVIES!
  • Silent movies became "talkies" when sound was finally added.
  • Charlie Chaplin most famous silent actor
motion pictures23
Motion Pictures
  • The best movies of the decade were "Treasure Island" and "Ben Hur” and “The Jazz Singer.”
  • The New American Pastime
  • Radio Broadcasts, Stadiums, and Sports Sections in Newspapers
  • Celebrities like Babe Ruth
  • A Spectator Sport for the Working Class: Myth vs. Reality

Slang Words

describes a wrong idea or person

He's all wet.

All wet

what you say when you are angry

"Oh, applesauce!"



Slang Words

the most important person

the boss

The Big Cheese

something splendid or wonderful

the best

The Cat’s Meow




Everything is Jake.



Slang Words



Giggle Water


Heebie Jeebies

A Scary Nervous Feeling


An Old Car


A Gangster’s Girlfriend


Slang Words


Someone easily convinced








Have a good Time

is the 1920s for you

Is the 1920s for you?

Would you want to live in the 1920s? Why or Why not?