A little Review • MONARCHS of ENGLAND • House of TudorHenry VII Tudor (1485-1509) Henry VIII (1509-47) Charles II (Son of Charles I) (Anglican)Edward VI (1547-53) Lady Jane Grey (1553) Mary I Tudor (1553-58) James II (Brother to Charles) (Catholic)Elizabeth I (1558-1603) James had 3 children • MONARCHS OF GREAT BRITAINHouse of StuartJames I (1603-25) Charles I (1625-49) MaryAnnSon • The Commonwealth(Protestant)(Protestant)(Catholic)Oliver Cromwell (1649-58) Richard Cromwell (1658-59) • House of Stuart, RestoredCharles II (1660-85) James II (1685-88) • House of Orange and Stuart - The “Glorious Revolution”William III, Mary II (1689-1702)
The Glorious Revolution • Parliament Takes Charge !! • William and Mary are “invited” to become king and queen of Great Britain because they are Protestant…. • BUT only if they sign the Bill of Rights! • Who “invited” them? • Parliament
The Bill of Rights Provisions of the Bill of Rights • Parliament would choose the ruler. • The ruler must follow Parliaments laws. • The ruler could not make or suspend any law.
This led England to become a “Constitutional Monarchy” • What is a constitutional monarchy? • Kings and queens who lead a government, BUT their powers are limited by a constitution. • Parliament takes the power • People are protected by laws!
Can you answer this question? • How did the Glorious Revolution lead England to becoming a Constitutional Monarchy?