Scratch Your Brain: Novel Ways to Interest Students in Critical Thinking
Objectives • Briefly discuss definitions of “critical thinking.” • Consider arguments and critical thinking. • Consider characteristics of critical thinkers. • Explore some novel critical thinking exercises. • Discuss ways to use resources in teaching.
Definition What is YOUR definition of critical thinking?
Common Definitions Thinking “outside” the box “Unlimited” thinking Divergent thinking
Another Definition “The intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information.” The National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking, 1987
Another Definition “Critical thinking is the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it.” The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking: Concepts And Tools, 5 ed.
Quote – Henry Ford Thinking is the hardest work there is, which is probably why so few engage in it.
Arguments • Inductive Reasoning • Deductive Reasoning • Syllogism – major premise, minor premise, conclusion Humans are mortalGreeks are humanTherefore, Greeks are mortal
Make Your Argument Monty Python: Argument Clinic http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDjCqjzbvJY&playnext=1&list=PL8263C81EE53E94FA
Visual Argument http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EGp0WWfEadg&NR=1&feature=fvwp
Critical thinking is . . . • Self-disciplined • Self-monitored • Self-corrective thinking
Thinking Critically Means … • Examining different viewpoints • Learn to think from different perspectives
Young girl? or Old woman?
Man playing horn? or Woman’s silhouette?
A Native American face? or An Eskimo’s back?
What/Who Doesn’t Belong? And Why? • whale, shark, zebra • camera, photographer, pilot • Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, Rick Perry • Aristotle, Plato, Frank Fair • Monet, Renoir, Einstein • Copland, Mozart, Bach • De Castro, Muehsam, Harman
What Do They Have in Common? • Aristotle, Plato, Frank Fair • Milton Friedman, Robert Solow, Carl Menger • Zimbardo, Bandura, Milgrim • Door-in the face, foot-in-the-door, low-ball • Vera Wang, Sarah Burton, Carolina Herrera
The Camels • An Arab sheik tells his two sons to race their camels to a distant city to see who will inherit his fortune. The one whose camel is slower will win. The brothers, after wandering aimlessly for days, ask a wise man for advice. After hearing the advice, they jump on the camels and race as fast as they can to the city. What does the wise man say?
The Wise Man Says… Switch camels.
Train Wreck One train leaves from NYC heading towards LA at 100 mph. Three hours later, a train leaves from LA heading towards NYC at 200 mph. Assume there’s exactly 2000 miles between LA and NYC. When they meet, which train is closer to NYC?
When they meet… they’re both at the same spot, so they are both the same distance from NYC.
Going to St. Ives As I was going to St. Ives I met a man with seven wives. Each wife had seven sacks. Each sack had seven cats. Each cat had seven kits. Kits, cats, sacks, and wives, how many were going to St. Ives?
Some months have 31 days; how many have 28? • How many outs are in an inning? • There are 3 apples and you take away 2. How many do you have?
Common Phrases DECI SION ANOTHER ONE
A duck, a goose, a goat, and a horse all entered the barn at different times one day last week. 1) A mammal entered the barn first.2) The duck entered before the goose.3) The goose entered ahead of the horse. Who entered the barn first?
Common Phrases CHIEDITOREF T 2222
Word Fun Determine both one-word answers.The floor of ship or boat,They walk on me at sea;Where there’s a C, make it an S,At school you sit on me.
What Economic Phrases? advantage demchangeand
History Terms? ISM
Poetry Terms? coo
Phrase + t + + s r
Fun Theory http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2lXh2n0aPyw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbEKAwCoCKw&NR=1
Discuss How might you use some of these ideas in your classroom? Could students use critical thinking in generating critical thinking activities to share with the class?
How Not to Be Stupid http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_9BMyaftZ1A
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