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Administration & Finance Division Police & Parking Services. Parking & Transportation 2014-2015. Why are Parking Permit Increases Necessary?. The master plan emphasizes the goal of a pedestrian-friendly, safe, walkable campus. This results in fewer parking spaces in the campus core.

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why are parking permit increases necessary
Why are Parking Permit Increases Necessary?
  • The master plan emphasizes the goal of a pedestrian-friendly, safe, walkable campus. This results in fewer parking spaces in the campus core.
  • Master plan shows need for 2,400 additional spaces in the next 10 years. The most efficient and effective way is a parking garage.
  • Revenues are necessary to:
    • Increase operating costs at 3% per year.
    • Maintain current parking inventory (current cost is $112 a space per year).
    • Build and maintain new lots and an eventual parking deck.
    • Build reserves for future bond covenants.
parking services overview
Parking Services-Overview
  • Administers and manages the parking permit system.
  • Manages student accounts and payroll deduction for faculty/staff.
  • Manages the citation process including billing and appeals.
  • Maintains inventory and maintenance of parking lots/spaces.
  • Responds to customer services requests.
  • Parking services is funded through the permit process. On average, 7,000 permits are issued each year for 6,250 spaces.
  • Fine revenues are required by state law to be transferred to the K-12 system. We only keep 20% for administrative costs.
parking services current budget
Parking Services-Current Budget

Revenues

$672,000 parking permits

$120,000 fines

$792,000 total

Expenses

$415,000 personnel and operating

$250,000 capital improvements

$96,000 transfer to K-12 System

$761,000 total

Available for Reserve: $31,000

brutal facts
Brutal Facts
  • Lack of pedestrian safety.
  • Current parking configuration doesn’t meet existing peak demand and will be unable to meet future peak demand.
  • New & Repaving projects are expensive:
    • HHS Overflow lot - $600,000
    • Coulter/Forsyth repave - $200,000
    • Creek Lot repave - $253,450
    • Albright-Benton repave - $246,651
parking garage
Parking Garage

1,200 space garage would increase parking inventory by almost 20%.

Construction Costs- $19,000 to $24,000 per space.

Total Cost $23 to $29 million.

Construction would necessitate acquiring a revenue bond for construction 30 year @ approx. 5% interest.

Bond covenant would require a 10%-15% reserve to borrow money.

amortization
Amortization

1,200 spaces @ $18k space

1,200 spaces @ $24k space

  • Cost of Construction-

$29 million

  • Annual Payment-

$1.88 million p/yr.

  • Increase in permit fee- $270 in addition to current fees.
  • Cost of Construction-

$22 million

  • Annual Payment-

$1.43 million p/yr.

  • Increase in permit fee- $205 in addition to current fees.
options considered
Options Considered
  • Across the board flat fee increase.
  • Parking fees based on salary level.
  • Convenience vs. Cost for fee amount (choice).
  • New employees/students paying elevated fee vs. existing employees/students.

Carpool permits will be considered for all options.

faculty staff option 1
Faculty/Staff – Option # 1

Flat Rate Increase for Faculty & Staff

faculty staff flat rate increase for permits 4 years implementation
Faculty/Staff Flat Rate Increase for Permits – 4 Years Implementation
  • Reserved - $164 increase per year - $13.66 increase per month.

2014-$260 2015-$424 2016-$588 2017-$752

  • Faculty/Staff- $52 increase per year - $4.33 increase per month.

2014-$148 2015-$200 2016-$252 2017-$304

faculty staff option 2
Faculty/Staff – Option # 2

Salary Level permits

for Faculty & Staff

faculty staff salary level permits
Faculty/Staff Salary Level Permits

Faculty /Staff Current Salary Levels (10/28/13)

faculty staff salary level permits 4 years implementation
Faculty/Staff Salary Level Permits – 4 Years Implementation
  • Reserved - $164 increase per year - $13.66 increase per month.

2014-$260 2015-$424 2016-$588 2017-$752

  • Permanent Employees >$100k salary per year - $89 increase per year - $7.42 increase per month.

2014-$185 2015-$274 2016-$363 2017-$452

  • Permanent Employees $75k-$99,999 salary per year - $64 increase per year. - $5.33 increase per month.

2014-$160 2015-$224 2016-$288 2017-$352

  • Permanent Employees $50k-$74,999 salary per year - $51 increase per year - $4.25 increase per month.

2014-$147 2015-$198 2016-$249 2017-$300

  • Permanent Employees $35k-$49,999 salary per year - $38 increase per year - $3.17 increase per month.

2014-$134 2015-$172 2016-$210 2017-$248

  • Permanent Employees $25k-$34,999 salary per year - $24 increase per year - $2.00 increase per month.

2014-$120 2015-$144 2016-$168 2017-$192

  • Permanent Employees <$24,999 salary per year – $12.00 increase per year - $1.00 increase per month.

2014-$108 2015-$120 $2016-$132 2017-$144

  • Temporary Employees / Adjunct Faculty – prorated based on schedule.
faculty staff option 3
Faculty/Staff – Option # 3

Convenience vs. Cost – Tiered Permits

faculty staff tiered permit system
Faculty/Staff Tiered Permit System
  • Institute a 3 tier approach to permits.
  • Top Tier for premium lots located in the core of campus.
  • Middle Tier for lots located on the perimeter of the core.
  • Bottom Tier (outer perimeter of campus).
faculty staff tier parking lots
Faculty/Staff Tier Parking Lots
  • Top Tier
    • HFR, HHS, Killian Bldg lane, McKee circle, McKee South/end, Natural Science, Scott front/drive, Scott front/hedge, Upper UC, Ramsey A&B.
  • Middle Tier
    • Albright, Bardo Center, Baptist Church 4-tier, Belk, Bird, Brown/upper, Brown/lower, Buchanan, Camp, Camp/back, Central drive, Circle drive, Dodson 2, Fieldhouse, Methodist Church.
  • Bottom Tier
    • Grounds Shop, Kneedler, Moore, Old Motor Pool, Print Shop, Reynolds, Village, Warehouse lots, Water Treatment.
faculty staff tier permits 4 years implementation
Faculty/Staff Tier Permits – 4 Years Implementation
  • Reserved - $164 increase per year - $13.66 increase per month.

2014-$260 2015-$424 2016-$588 2017-$752

  • Top Tier - $76 increase per year - $6.33 increase per month.

2014-$172 2015-$248 2016-$324 2017-$400

  • Middle Tier -$51 increase per year - $4.25 increase per month.

2014-$147 2015-$198 2016-$249 2017-$300

  • Bottom Tier-$26 increase per year. - $2.17 increase per month.

2014-$122 2015-$148 2016-$174 2017-$200

analysis of options
Analysis of Options
  • Cost vs. Convenience is the most widely used and accepted business practice for parking by public and private entities.
  • Cost vs. Convenience is based on consumer choice for the value of the parking service.
  • Master Plan parking consultant strongly recommends the Cost vs. Convenience model.
  • Salary Level option may be perceived as more equitable by employees.
  • Flat Rate option disperses costs equally across permit holders.
students option 1
Students – Option # 1

Flat Rate Increase

for Students

students flat rate increase for permits 4 years implementation
Students Flat Rate Increase for Permits – 4 Years Implementation
  • Students - $52 increase per year - $4.33 increase per month.

2014-$148 2015-$200 2016-$252 2017-$304

students option 2
Students – Option # 2

Convenience vs. Costs – Tiered Permits

student tiered permit system
Student Tiered Permit System
  • Institute a 3 tier approach to permitsand allow purchase based on class standing.
  • Top Tier - for premium lots within the core of campus.
  • Middle Tier - for lots on the perimeter of the core.
  • Bottom Tier and Freshman - for lots on the outer perimeter of campus.
student tiered parking lots
Student Tiered Parking Lots
  • Top Tier
    • Albright/Benton, Balsam lower, Balsam upper, Blue Ridge, Buchanan South, Buchanan West, Central drive Hall, Central drive Hall/gravel, Dix Gap/Central drive, Harrill, HFR/student, Madison, Norton road Hall, Reynolds, Robertson, Scott rear, Track, Village, Walker.
  • Middle Tier
    • Baptist Church 4-tier, HHS, Ramsey creek, Norton road/Comm, Reid Gym lot, Band lot, Joyner Plaza, Fieldhouse, Village/Comm/Res, Camp lot, Stadium/Big Cat, Buchanan/Central Robertson S/Comm/Res, Camp lot, Madison/Comm/Res, HHS Impound.
  • Bottom Tier and Freshman
    • HHS gravel, North Baseball, South Baseball, Walker A.
student tiered permit system 4 years implementation
Student Tiered Permit System - 4 Years Implementation
  • Top Tier-$76 increase per year - $6.33 increase per month.

2014-$172 2015-$248 2016-$324 2017-$400

  • Middle Tier-$51 increase per year - $4.25 increase per month.

2014-$147 2015-$198 2016-$249 2017-$300

  • Bottom Tier-$26 increase per year- $2.17 increase per month.

2014-$122 2015-$148 2016-$174 2017-$200

students option 3
Students – Option # 3

Student Permits by Class

student permit by class 4 years implementation
Student Permit by Class - 4 Years Implementation
  • Freshman Resident< 30 hours credit - $76 increase per year - $38 increase per semester

2014-$172 2015-$248 2016-$324 2017-$400

  • Sophomore Resident 30 – 59 hours credit- $64 increase per year - $32 increase per semester.

2014-$160 2015-$224 2016-$288 2017-$352

  • Junior Resident 60 – 89 hours credit - $52 increase per year - $26 increase per semester

2014-$148 2015-$200 2016-$252 2017-$304

  • Senior Resident > 90 hours credit and Graduate Resident - $26 increase per year - $13 increase per semester

2014-$122 2015-$148 2016-$174 2017-$200

  • Commuter - $64.00 increase per year - $32 increase per semester

2014-$160 2015-$224 2016-$288 2017-$352

night weekend parking
Night & Weekend Parking
  • Current model requires full time employees who bring a car to campus in the evening to have a permit.
  • No permit required for part-time students to park after 5 pm on weeknights.
  • No changes are recommended for 2014-15.
coulter forsyth
Coulter/Forsyth
  • Situated at the very core of campus.
  • Prime location for faculty/staff parking.
  • Prime location for special event venue.
  • Proposal to “close” Coulter/Forsyth to permit parking and initiate a multi-metered approach.
  • Opportunities for visitor parking and access to food, bookstore, student and other services.
  • Master plan goals call for Coulter/Forsyth lot to eventually be replaced with instructional building.
  • Re-locate parking from Coulter/Forsyth to Bardo Art Center, Methodist Church, and Dodson II.
multi meter1
Multi-Meter

Pay and Display

  • The motorist parks, walks to the parking pay station, and pays by credit card, cash, or CatCard for the amount of parking time desired and is issued a receipt.
  • Operational 8 am – 5 pm on Monday-Friday.
  • $3 to $5 per hour.
  • Multi-Meter options can make parking more visitor friendly, as well serve the needs for students and faculty/staff for short term parking needs.
questions
Questions?

This presentation and FAQs are located on the Parking Services website:

http://www.wcu.edu/about-wcu/campus-services/university-police/parking-services/

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